A Critical Analysis of the Narratives on the… (Part 2/2)

A Critical Analysis of the Narratives on the… (Part 2/2)


Hadīth

A Critical Analysis of the Narratives on the Masāhif of Ubayy ibn Ka'b (rta) and

'Abdullāh ibn Mas'ūd (rta)

B. Analysis of the Isnād

Let us now look at the chains of narration of the narratives which refer to Ibn Mas'ūd's mushaf both from al-Fihrist and from al-Itqān.

Isnādaccording to al-Fihrist

قال الفضل بن شاذان: وجدت في مصحف عبد الله بن مسعود تأليف سور القرآن على هذا الترتيب …

Al-Fadl ibn Shādhān said: "I found the arrangement of the Qur'ānic sūrahs in the mushafof Ubayy to be the following…"[1]

Al-Fadl ibn Shādhān, we know, died in 260 AH.[2] Moreover, Ibn Nadīm has not quoted his informant from whom he acquired these words of al-Fadl ibn Shādhān.

Isnādaccording to al-Itqān

قال ابن أشته أيضا وأخبرنا أبو الحسن بن نافع أن أبا جعفر محمد بن عمرو بن موسى حدثهم قال حدثنا محمد بن إسماعيل بن سالم حدثنا علي بن مهران الطائي حدثنا جرير بن عبد الحميد قال تأليف مصحف عبد الله بن مسعود

Jarīr ibn 'Abd al-Hamīd said: "[This is the] arrangement of the mushaf of ibn Mas'ūd …"[3]

Jarīr ibn 'Abd al-Hamīd died in 188 AH at the age of 71.[4] This means that it is for the first time in the second century that this arrangement came to surface.

V. Conclusion

These reports about the alleged masāhif are not strongly grounded. The text and chain of the narratives have severe flaws in the presence of which the content they reflect cannot be regarded as reliable.




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