No Jihad without the State

No Jihad without the State


Responses

Response: I have briefly gone through your articles on Jihad. There are few questions in that regard: What should a Muslim do, if he goes to his house and finds a gang of so-called Muslims raping his sister to death?

Choice 1: Go to mosque and pray to Allah for his sister.

Choice 2: Show the gang verses in the Qur'an and H~adith ie do Da'wah.

Choice 3: Go get the Pakistani state officials for help (takes too much time)

Choice 4:Use a gun to shoot the criminals in order to save your sister.

The Qur'an states (confirmed by Ahadith) that Muslims (not the state) should prepare themselves to fight the enemy. Therefore, in my opinion, the requirement of state for Jihad is totally baseless. Please reply.

Comment: There is a world of difference between self-defence and offence. For the former, if it occurs in the form you have referred to, a person (who is living in a properly instituted state as Pakistan for example) must stop the criminal by force if he sees that someone is raping his sister or if someone is trying to kill an innocent citizen. He can incapacitate him by shooting in the leg or even kill him if there is no other option. Remember this comes under self-defence and for this, in such emergency situations, state authority is not required.

However, when one has to wage Jihad on another country the requirement of state authority is imperative. This is not self-defence; it is plain offence (even though for a noble cause as to save Muslims from persecution.) Only a state has been given this authority, simply because individual groups if given this license will create more Fasad by fighting among themselves once they overcome the enemy. The Afghanistan fiasco should serve as an eye opener for us in this regard.

The directive in which the Muslims were first allowed to lift arms occurs in Surah H~ajj (22:35) which is a Madinan Surah. No Makkan Surah contains this directive. All our jurists agree that the distinction between Makkan and Madinan Surahs is made to differentiate between the existence of a state from its non-existence. To further clarify this point, I will give you the example of punishments. Only a state has the authority to flog criminals for adultery or amputate their hands for theft. You and I cannot do this even if the state is not doing this. The reason for this that all punishments are mentioned in Madinan Surahs when the state authority had come into existence and the plurals : 'Flog the criminals...' or 'Cut off their hands...' of the concerned verses are all directed at our rulers. Similar is the case with Jihad. So categorical is this principle that there is a consensus among all the celebrated authorities of Islam on it. If a state is indifferent to its responsibilities, we can only remind it of this apathy and not take it upon ourselves to discharge them.

Will you start punishing criminals for theft if the state is not doing so?

If you think that Jihad is allowed without the state, then you must give arguments from the Qur'an and the life of the Prophet (sws). Please don't forget that the history of Islamic warfare under Prophets is devoid of Jihad without the state.

It is high time that we Muslims try to understand a directive of the Shari'ah in the proper perspective instead of trying to change it.

________________




Articles by this author


The Five Essentials of Constructive Criticism

An Introduction to Ghamidi’s Mizan

How to overcome Selfishness

Your Question Answered

Explanation of Some Qur’anic Words

Anger Management

Some Suggestions for Married Couples

God’s Domain

Let us Light up our Prayers!

Successful Parents

The “Successful Spouse” Test

Let us Value what We have

Dear Husbands … If I may say!

The “Blind Drill”

Life goes on all the same!

Prayers can Move Mountains!

Two types of “Junk Food”

Reforming Our Conduct

Supplications from the Hadith

Supplications from the Qur’an

A Small Act of Kindness

Respecting the Privacy of our Mature Children

Explanation of Some Jarh Terms

Selections from Hadith

Your Questions Answered

Two Tough Trials

Benefiting from Criticism

Your Questions Answered

The Cause of Truth

Your Questions Answered

Selections from Hadith

Restraining our Wounded Pride

Selections from Hadith

The Power of One

Preparing for the Inevitable!

Selections from Hadith

Let us Refuse to Lose!

The Sound of Silence

Selections from Hadith

Let us Enjoy every Moment of our Lives

Lets be Just, Come what May!

Selections from Hadith

Beware of the three C’s: Cynicism, Criticism and Complaint

Never Give Up!

Do We have a Spiritual Part of the Day?

Tears of Old Parents … for their Children

Life goes on all the same!

The Decorum of Criticizing Others

Tears that would not stop!

Selections from Hadith

Hobbies we must have!

Death in Innocence

“Thank you” Culture

Visit to an Old Home

We Owe it to Our Society

Experiencing God

Discovering our Inner Talent

The Battle for Honesty Continues!

Saintly Sinners

Secret to Inner Peace

Your Questions Answered

Small Acts of Kindness

Illness can be a Boon!

Philosophy of Animal Sacrifice on ‘Id

Tears of Gratitude!

Lookout to Leap for Others!

Charity

Turning Foes into Friends

Let us then Live for Others!

SPECIAL ISSUE

A Re-Evaluation of Early Developments in Qur’anic Orthography (1/4)

A Re-Evaluation of Early Developments in Qur’anic Orthography (2/4)

A Re-Evaluation of Early Developments in Qur’anic Orthography (3/4)

A Re-Evaluation of Early Developments in Qur’anic Orthography (4/4)

Abdus Sattar Ghauri (The Father Figure of Al-Mawrid!)

Brief Profile

Special Issue

Charity: Points to Ponder

Your Question Answered

“Dignity in Hard Labour Lies!”

Forgiveness

Never Lose Hope!

The Trials of Life

Anger Management

Handling Mature Children

Let us Promise…

An Introduction to Ghāmidī’s Mīzān

Visit to a Graveyard

Are We Ready to Die?

A Shame to Humanity[1]!

A Critical Evaluation of Variations found in the ‘Uthmānic Copies (Part 4/4)

A Critical Evaluation of Variations found in the ‘Uthmānic Copies (Part 3/4)

A Critical Evaluation of Variations found in the ‘Uthmānic Copies (Part 2/4)

A Critical Evaluation of Variations found in the ‘Uthmānic Copies (Part 1/4)

The Key to Successful Marriage

Taming the Tongue

Sexual Intimacy between Husband and Wife

Pretension and Pomposity

The Cause of Truth

Narrative on the Changes made in the Qur’ān by al-Hajjāj ibn Yūsuf

Sūrah Mā’idah (64-89)

Sympathy

A Man of Steel

Critical Evaluation of Ustuwānah al-Mushaf Narratives

Humility

Fasting in Extreme Conditions

How to overcome Selfishness

Nothing but the Truth, Please!

Narratives on the Collection of the Qur’ān by ‘Alī(rta) (part 1/3)

Narratives on the Collection of the Qur’ān by ‘Alī(rta) (part 2/3)

Narratives on the Collection of the Qur’ān by ‘Alī(rta) (part 3/3)

A Tribute to Brig (retd.) Noor Ahmed Husain (Quaid e Azam’s Last Military ADC)

Courage

Appendix C: A Brief Biographical Sketch of Hamīd al-Dīn al-Farāhī (1863-1930) [1]

Appendix B:  A Brief Summary of the Views of Traditional and Radical Western Scholars

Appendix A:  A Summary of the View of Traditional Muslim Scholars

A Critical Evaluation of Farahī’s View on the Collection of the Qur’ān

A Citizen of Paradise (Written on the Martyrdom of Dr Habib ur Rahman)

Forgiveness

Gratitude

Your Questions Answered

Reason and Revelation

Your Questions Answered

Explanation of Some Qur’ānic Words

Explanation of Some Jarh Terms

The Warrior who became a Martyr

A Narrative on the Placement of Sūrah Anfāl (8) and…

A Critical Analysis of the Narratives on the… (Part 1/2)

A Critical Analysis of the Narratives on the… (Part 2/2)

Your Questions Answered

Travelling Alone!

A Narrative on the Schematic Arrangement of the Qur’ān (Part 2/2)

A Narrative on the Schematic Arrangement of the Qur’ān (Part 1/2)

The Word Rusul in the Qur’ān

Your Questions Answered

Mustafā A‘zamī’s Critique on “The Dishonest Scribe” Narratives

A Passionate Preacher of the Qur’an passes away!

Animal Sacrifice

… And the List is Unending!

English Translation of the first volume of Tadabbur-i Qur’ān

Sūrah Ghāshiyah

Your Questions Answered

Jihād in the Qur’ān

Your Questions Answered

Your Questions Answered

Morals and Morality

Faith and Beliefs

The Religion of Islam

Coping with Sexual Desires at Adolescence

Fifty Common Misconceptions about Islam (X)