Organ Transplantation

Organ Transplantation


Amongst the various marvels of science and the facilities it has afforded humankind in the last two centuries one extraordinary discovery is organ transplantation. Through surgery, a defective organ of a person can be replaced with a healthy one belonging to another person. The healthy organ can be taken from either a living or a dead person. The question which arises on this procedure is, whether it is religiously permissible that a person in his life donate any of his organs for transplant, or make a will that after his death, an organ of his be donated?

The answer to this question should be in the affirmative because apparently there is nothing in the Qur'an and Hadith which prohibits this. However, the ulema of the Indian sub-continent generally regard it to be prohibited, and proffer two arguments in favour of their viewpoint.

The first of these is that a person is not the owner of his body. Hence he does not have the right in his own life to make a will for organ donation. A person has control of his body as long as he is living in that body. Once he departs from his body, he has no right on it that he can make a will in favour of it and this will be considered as implemented.

The second of these is that the sanctity of a dead body should not be violated. The living should not harm it in any way. It is their obligation that the body of a dead person be buried with full respect. Dissecting a dead body or severing any of its organs or limbs is tantamount to violating its sanctity, and no ethical system of this world can permit this to happen.

In my opinion, both these arguments need to be reconsidered.

No doubt, the real owner of everything is God; however, this too is a reality that a person has the right to use and expend within the limits prescribed by God whatever has been given to him. Thus for one's honour, family, country and religion a person sacrifices his life, generously spends his wealth and while knowing that he can be killed or lose any of his limbs, still fights a war for the above mentioned causes, jumps in the fire and is ready to face the greatest of dangers. The Qur'an has termed this as the jihad of the life and wealth of a person and as spending for the cause of God. In various places, it has urged its followers to spend these things for the causes outlined above. It is evident that the Qur'an acknowledges this right of a person over his life and wealth.

The right a person has to make a will is a corollary of this right to use his life and wealth. Thus, just as we have the right to make a will about our wealth after our death, similarly, we also have the right to make a will regarding enshrouding our dead body and its burial. Donating one's organ to some other person is also a similar matter. If all these afore-mentioned things are allowed, and can be done while a person has left his body, then how can making a will for organ donation be regarded as forbidden?

Similar is the case of violating the sanctity of a corpse. It relates to one's intentions and motives. Inflicting harm on the limb of a person is a crime. The Qur'an has given the directives of qisas and diyat for such crimes. However, if with the permission of the patient, a doctor severs his hand or foot, then no one can call him a criminal. So why should not one differentiate between mutilating a dead body through various means and conducting a post-mortem for the purpose of investigation? If a person makes a will to give his wealth to some needy person, then this is counted as a virtue. Similarly, if he makes a will to donate any of his organs or limbs to someone in need, then this should also be seen as a virtue. Why should implementing such a will be regarded as violating the sanctity of a corpse?

(Translated by Dr Shehzad Saleem)

______________




Articles by this author


God’s Domain

Let us Light up our Prayers!

Successful Parents

The “Successful Spouse” Test

Let us Value what We have

Dear Husbands … If I may say!

The “Blind Drill”

Life goes on all the same!

Prayers can Move Mountains!

Two types of “Junk Food”

Reforming Our Conduct

Supplications from the Hadith

Supplications from the Qur’an

A Small Act of Kindness

Respecting the Privacy of our Mature Children

Explanation of Some Jarh Terms

Selections from Hadith

Your Questions Answered

Two Tough Trials

Benefiting from Criticism

Your Questions Answered

The Cause of Truth

Your Questions Answered

Selections from Hadith

Restraining our Wounded Pride

Selections from Hadith

The Power of One

Preparing for the Inevitable!

Selections from Hadith

Let us Refuse to Lose!

The Sound of Silence

Selections from Hadith

Let us Enjoy every Moment of our Lives

Lets be Just, Come what May!

Selections from Hadith

Beware of the three C’s: Cynicism, Criticism and Complaint

Never Give Up!

Do We have a Spiritual Part of the Day?

Tears of Old Parents … for their Children

Life goes on all the same!

The Decorum of Criticizing Others

Tears that would not stop!

Selections from Hadith

Hobbies we must have!

Death in Innocence

“Thank you” Culture

Visit to an Old Home

We Owe it to Our Society

Experiencing God

Discovering our Inner Talent

The Battle for Honesty Continues!

Saintly Sinners

Secret to Inner Peace

Your Questions Answered

Small Acts of Kindness

Illness can be a Boon!

Philosophy of Animal Sacrifice on ‘Id

Tears of Gratitude!

Lookout to Leap for Others!

Charity

Turning Foes into Friends

Let us then Live for Others!

SPECIAL ISSUE

A Re-Evaluation of Early Developments in Qur’anic Orthography (1/4)

A Re-Evaluation of Early Developments in Qur’anic Orthography (2/4)

A Re-Evaluation of Early Developments in Qur’anic Orthography (3/4)

A Re-Evaluation of Early Developments in Qur’anic Orthography (4/4)

Abdus Sattar Ghauri (The Father Figure of Al-Mawrid!)

Brief Profile

Special Issue

Charity: Points to Ponder

Your Question Answered

“Dignity in Hard Labour Lies!”

Forgiveness

Never Lose Hope!

The Trials of Life

Anger Management

Handling Mature Children

Let us Promise…

An Introduction to Ghāmidī’s Mīzān

Visit to a Graveyard

Are We Ready to Die?

A Shame to Humanity[1]!

A Critical Evaluation of Variations found in the ‘Uthmānic Copies (Part 4/4)

A Critical Evaluation of Variations found in the ‘Uthmānic Copies (Part 3/4)

A Critical Evaluation of Variations found in the ‘Uthmānic Copies (Part 2/4)

A Critical Evaluation of Variations found in the ‘Uthmānic Copies (Part 1/4)

The Key to Successful Marriage

Taming the Tongue

Sexual Intimacy between Husband and Wife

Pretension and Pomposity

The Cause of Truth

Narrative on the Changes made in the Qur’ān by al-Hajjāj ibn Yūsuf

Sūrah Mā’idah (64-89)

Sympathy

A Man of Steel

Critical Evaluation of Ustuwānah al-Mushaf Narratives

Humility

Fasting in Extreme Conditions

How to overcome Selfishness

Nothing but the Truth, Please!

Narratives on the Collection of the Qur’ān by ‘Alī(rta) (part 1/3)

Narratives on the Collection of the Qur’ān by ‘Alī(rta) (part 2/3)

Narratives on the Collection of the Qur’ān by ‘Alī(rta) (part 3/3)

A Tribute to Brig (retd.) Noor Ahmed Husain (Quaid e Azam’s Last Military ADC)

Courage

Appendix C: A Brief Biographical Sketch of Hamīd al-Dīn al-Farāhī (1863-1930) [1]

Appendix B:  A Brief Summary of the Views of Traditional and Radical Western Scholars

Appendix A:  A Summary of the View of Traditional Muslim Scholars

A Critical Evaluation of Farahī’s View on the Collection of the Qur’ān

A Citizen of Paradise (Written on the Martyrdom of Dr Habib ur Rahman)

Forgiveness

Gratitude

Your Questions Answered

Reason and Revelation

Your Questions Answered

Explanation of Some Qur’ānic Words

Explanation of Some Jarh Terms

The Warrior who became a Martyr

A Narrative on the Placement of Sūrah Anfāl (8) and…

A Critical Analysis of the Narratives on the… (Part 1/2)

A Critical Analysis of the Narratives on the… (Part 2/2)

Your Questions Answered

Travelling Alone!

A Narrative on the Schematic Arrangement of the Qur’ān (Part 2/2)

A Narrative on the Schematic Arrangement of the Qur’ān (Part 1/2)

The Word Rusul in the Qur’ān

Your Questions Answered

Mustafā A‘zamī’s Critique on “The Dishonest Scribe” Narratives

A Passionate Preacher of the Qur’an passes away!

Animal Sacrifice

… And the List is Unending!

English Translation of the first volume of Tadabbur-i Qur’ān

Sūrah Ghāshiyah

Your Questions Answered

Jihād in the Qur’ān

Your Questions Answered

Your Questions Answered

Morals and Morality

Faith and Beliefs

The Religion of Islam

Coping with Sexual Desires at Adolescence

Fifty Common Misconceptions about Islam (X)

Fifty Common Misconceptions about Islam (IX)

Fifty Common Misconceptions about Islam (VIII)

Fifty Common Misconceptions about Islam (VII)

Fifty Common Misconceptions about Islam (VI)

Fifty Common Misconceptions about Islam (V)

Fifty Common Misconceptions about Islam (IV)

Fifty Common Misconceptions about Islam (III)