Seasonal Variations in Prayer Timings

Seasonal Variations in Prayer Timings


Hadīth

روي أنه كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا اشتد البرد بكر بالصلاة وإذا اشتد الحر أبرد بالصلاة.

It is reported that the Prophet (sws) used to offer his prayers early in the severe cold [of winters], while he would cool his prayers [delaying them] during the severe heat [of summers].1

General Notes

1. It is clear that by fixing a time range for each prayer, the sharī'ah has made a provision for Muslims to organize each of the prayer congregations at any time – within the time range prescribed for that prayer – that is generally considered to be convenient by the collectivity. It is clearly on the basis of this principle of general convenience that the Prophet (sws) is reported to have varied the timings of prayer congregations during different seasons.

Notes on the Text of the Narrative

This narrative or a part of it, with some variations, has been reported in Bukhārī (narrative no. 864), Ibn Khuzaymah (narrative no. 1842) and Bayhaqī (narrative no. 5468, 5469 and 5470). The preferred text is the one reported in Bukhārī's narrative no. 864.

In Bayhaqī's narrative no. 5470, the same implication, as reported in the given text, is reported in the words: إذا كان الحر أبرد بالصلاة وإذا كان البرد بكر بالصلاة (i.e., "During summers the Prophet would cool his prayers [delaying them], while during winters he would offer his prayers earlier").

In a variation of the given narrative, also given in Bukhārī's narrative no. 864, the same implication is reported with the specification that this was the norm of the Prophet (sws) with reference to the Friday prayers.

(This write-up is prepared by the Hadīth Cell of Jāved Ahmad Ghāmidīwhich includesMoiz Amjad, Izhār Ahmad, Muhammad Aslam Najmi and Kaukab Shehzad)




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