Selections from Hadith

Selections from Hadith


Hadith

1. Spreading Hearsay

عَنْ حَفْصِ بِنْ عَاصِمٍ قال قال رَسُوْلَ اللّٰہِ صَلَّي اللّٰہُ عَلَیۡہِ وَسَلَّمَ كَفَي بِالْمَرْءِ كَذِبًا أَنْ يُحَدِّثَ بِكُلِّ ما سمع

Hafs ibn 'Asim (rta)stated that God's Messenger (sws) said: "It is enough for a person to be regarded a liar if he narrates every thing he hears [without verifying it]."[1]

2. Some Major Sins

عَبْد الرحمن بن أبي بَكْرَةَ عَنْ أبيه قال كنا عِنْدَ رَسُوْلَ اللّٰہِ صَلَّي اللّٰہُ عَلَیۡہِ وَسَلَّمَفقال ألا أُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِأَكْبَرِ الْكَبَائِرِ ثَلَاثًا الْإِشْرَاكُ بِاللَّهِ وَعُقُوقُ الْوَالِدَيْنِ وَشَهَادَةُ الزُّورِ أو قَوْلُ الزُّورِ وكان رَسُوْلَ اللّٰہِ صَلَّي اللّٰہُ عَلَیۡہِ وَسَلَّمَمُتَّكِئًا فَجَلَسَ فما زَالَ يُكَرِّرُهَا حتي قُلْنَا لَيْتَهُ سَكَتَ

Abu Bakrah (rta)said: "[Once] we were with God's Messenger (sws). He said: 'Should I not inform you about the three greatest of the major sins? [They are:] Associating with God, disobeying parents and [giving] a false statement or a false testimony.' And [while he was saying this,] God's Messenger (sws) was leaning on a support. He [then] sat [upright] and continued to repeat these words until we wished that he become silent."[2]

3. Kindness to Servants

عَبْدَ اللّٰہِ بن عُمَرَ يقول جاء رَجُلٌ إلي النبي صَلَّي اللّٰہُ عَلَیۡہِ وَسَلَّمَفقال يا رَسُوْلَ اللّٰہِ كَمْ نَعْفُو عن الْخَادِمِ فَصَمَتَ ثُمَّ أَعَادَ عليه الْكَلَامَ فَصَمَتَ فلما كان في الثَّالِثَةِ قال اعْفُوا عنه في كل يَوْمٍ سَبْعِينَ مَرَّةً

'Abdullah ibn 'Umar (rta)says that a person came to the Prophet (sws) and asked him: "O Messenger of God! How many times should we forgive our servant?" At this, he remained silent. The question was repeated to him and he [still remained] silent. When he was posed the question a third time, he replied: "Forgive him seventy times every day."[3]

4. Sanctity of Life, Wealth and Honour

عَنْ بن عُمَرَ رَضِيْ اللّٰہُ عَنْهُما قال قال النبي صَلَّي اللّٰہُ عَلَیۡہِ وَسَلَّمَ بِمِنًي أَتَدْرُونَ أَيُّ يَوْمٍ هذا قالوا اللّٰہ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ قال فإن هذا يَوْمٌ حَرَامٌ أَفَتَدْرُونَ أَيُّ بَلَدٍ هذا قالوا اللّٰہ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ قال بَلَدٌ حَرَامٌ أَتَدْرُونَ أَيُّ شَهْرٍ هذا قالوا اللّٰہ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ قال شَهْرٌ حَرَامٌ قال فإن اللّٰہَ حَرَّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ دِمَاءَكُمْ وَأَمْوَالَكُمْ وَأَعْرَاضَكُمْ كَحُرْمَةِ يَوْمِكُمْ هذا في شَهْرِكُمْ هذا في بَلَدِكُمْ هذا

'Abdullah ibn 'Umar (rta) stated that the Prophet (sws) [in the sermon of the last hajj]at Mina asked: "Do you know what day this is?" The companions replied: "God and the Messenger know." The Prophet (sws) remarked: "This is the sacred day. So do you know which city is this?" The companions replied: "God and the Messenger know." The Prophet (sws) said: "This is the sacred city. Do you know which month is this?" The companions replied: "God and the Messenger know." The Prophet (sws) said: "This is the sacred month." He [further] said: "Indeed, God has made your lives, your wealth, and your honour as sacred as this day of yours in this month of yours in this city of yours."[4]

5. Etiquette of Eating

عُمَرَ بن أبي سَلَمَةَ يقول كنت غُلَامًا في حَجْرِ رَسُوْلَ اللّٰہِ صَلَّي اللّٰہُ عَلَیۡہِ وَسَلَّمَ وَكَانَتْ يَدِي تَطِيشُ في الصَّحْفَةِ فقال لي رَسُوْلَ اللّٰہِ صَلَّي اللّٰہُ عَلَیۡہِ وَسَلَّمَ يا غُلَامُ سَمِّ اللّٰہَ وَكُلْ بِيَمِينِكَ وَكُلْ مِمَّا يَلِيكَ فما زَالَتْ تِلْكَ طِعْمَتِي بَعْدُ

'Umar ibn Abi Salamah (rta) says: "I was an infant and was being brought up under [the supervision] of God's Messenger (sws) when while eating my hand would circulate all over the plate. When God's Messenger (sws) [saw this,] he remarked: 'Young Man! Eat after taking God's name with the right hand from the part of the plate near you.' Consequently, after this I would eat in this manner."[5]

6. Moderation in Preaching

أبو وَائِلٍ خَطَبَنَا عَمَّارٌ فَأَوْجَزَ وَأَبْلَغَ فلما نَزَلَ قُلْنَا يا أَبَا الْيَقْظَانِ لقد أَبْلَغْتَ وَأَوْجَزْتَ فَلَوْ كُنْتَ تَنَفَّسْتَ فقال إني سمعت رَسُوْلَ اللّٰہِ صَلَّي اللّٰہُ عَلَیۡہِ وَسَلَّمَيقول إِنَّ طُولَ صَلَاةِ الرَّجُلِ وَقِصَرَ خُطْبَتِهِ مَئِنَّةٌ من فِقْهِهِ فَأَطِيلُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَاقْصُرُوا الْخُطْبَةَ وَإِنَّ من الْبَيَانِ سِحْرًا

It is narrated by Abu Wa'il: " 'Ammar (rta) delivered a sermon to us that was very brief and concise. When he descended [from the pulpit] we said: 'O Abu al-Yaqzan! You were concise and brief in your speech. We wish that you had gone into details.' At his, he said: 'I heard God's Messenger (sws) saying: "The lengthening of a person's prayer and the shortness of his sermon is a sign of his wisdom. So, increase [the time of] your prayer and decrease [the time of] your speech. Indeed, some sermons are [as potent as] magic."'"[6]

عَنْ أَبِيْ وَائِلٍ قال كان عَبْدُ اللّٰہِيُذَكِّرُ الناس في كل خَمِيسٍ فقال له رَجُلٌ يا أَبَا عبد الرحمن لَوَدِدْتُ أَنَّكَ ذَكَّرْتَنَا كُلَّ يَوْمٍ قال أَمَا إنه يَمْنَعُنِي من ذلك أَنِّي أَكْرَهُ أَنْ أُمِلَّكُمْوَإِنِّي أَتَخَوَّلُكُمْ بِالْمَوْعِظَةِ كما كان النبي صَلَّي اللّٰہُ عَلَیۡہِ وَسَلَّمَيَتَخَوَّلُنَا بها مَخَافَةَ السَّآمَةِ عَلَيْنَا

It is narrated by Abu Wa'il that 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (rta) would instruct and remind people [about religion] every Thursday. A person from among them said: "O Abu 'Abd al-Rahman, I want you to remind us every day." He replied: "I don't do this lest it may be burdensome on you. I remind you at intervals the way the Prophet (sws) used to remind us at intervals lest we may become fed-up."[7]

7. Refraining from Arrogance

عَنْ عَبْدُ اللّٰہِ بن مَسْعُودٍ عن النبي صَلَّي اللّٰہُ عَلَیۡہِ وَسَلَّمَ قال لَا يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ من كان في قَلْبِهِ مِثْقَالُ ذَرَّةٍ من كِبْرٍ قال رَجُلٌ إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ يُحِبُّ أَنْ يَكُونَ ثَوْبُهُ حَسَنًا وَنَعْلُهُ حَسَنَةً قال إِنَّ اللّٰہِ جَمِيلٌ يُحِبُّ الْجَمَالَ الْكِبْرُ بَطَرُ الْحَقِّ وَغَمْطُ الناس

'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (rta)reported that the Prophet (sws) said: "A person in whose heart is the slightest trace of arrogance will not enter Paradise." A person asked: "A person likes that his clothes be nice and his shoes [also] be nice. [Is this not arrogance?]" The Prophet (sws) replied: "God is beautiful and likes what is beautiful. Arrogance [actually means] denying the truth and regarding people to be inferior."[8]

[1]. Ibid., vol. 1, 10, (no. 5).

[2]. Ibid., vol. 1, 91, (no. 87).

[3]. Abu Da'ud, Sunan, vol. 4, 341, (no. 5164).

[4]. Al-Bukhari, Al-Jami' al-sahih, vol.5, 2247, (no. 5696).

[5]. Ibid., vol.5, 2056, (no. 5061).

[6]. Muslim, Al-Jami' al-sahih, vol.2, 594, (no. 869).

[7]. Al-Bukhari, Al-Jami' al-sahih, vol.1, 39, (no. 70).

[8]. Muslim, Al-Jami' al-sahih, vol.1, 93, (no. 91).

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