Surah Saffat

Surah Saffat


سُوۡرَۃُ الصّٰٓفّٰت بِسۡمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِیۡمِ وَ الصّٰٓفّٰتِ صَفًّا ۙ﴿۱﴾ فَالزّٰجِرٰتِ زَجۡرًا ۙ﴿۲﴾ فَالتّٰلِیٰتِ ذِکۡرًا ۙ﴿۳﴾اِنَّ اِلٰـہَکُمۡ لَوَاحِدٌ ﴿ؕ۴﴾ رَبُّ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الۡاَرۡضِ وَ مَا بَیۡنَہُمَا وَ رَبُّ الۡمَشَارِقِ ؕ﴿۵﴾ In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Ever Merciful. Angels who are ever-present in rows bear witness,[1] then those who sternly scold the devils,[2] then those who remember God[3] that your god is one God.[4] He Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them and is the Lord of all the borders of the east and the west.[5] (1-5) اِنَّا زَیَّنَّا السَّمَآءَ الدُّنۡیَا بِزِیۡنَۃِۣ الۡکَوَاکِبِ ۙ﴿۶﴾ وَ حِفۡظًا مِّنۡ کُلِّ شَیۡطٰنٍ مَّارِدٍ ۚ﴿۷﴾ لَا یَسَّمَّعُوۡنَ اِلَی الۡمَلَاِ الۡاَعۡلٰی وَ یُقۡذَفُوۡنَ مِنۡ کُلِّ جَانِبٍ ٭ۖ﴿۸﴾ دُحُوۡرًا وَّ لَہُمۡ عَذَابٌ وَّاصِبٌ ۙ﴿۹﴾ اِلَّا مَنۡ خَطِفَ الۡخَطۡفَۃَ فَاَتۡبَعَہٗ شِہَابٌ ثَاقِبٌ ﴿۱۰﴾ Undoubtedly, We have decked your nearest sky[6] with the adornment of stars and have fully protected it from the interference of every rebellious devil. They are not able hear anything from the mala-i a'la and if they do so they are repelled from everywhere to ward them off and this is an eternal torment for them. Yet if a devil is able to overhear something, a dazzling flame pursues him. [7] (6-10) فَاسۡتَفۡتِہِمۡ اَہُمۡ اَشَدُّ خَلۡقًا اَمۡ مَّنۡ خَلَقۡنَا ؕ اِنَّا خَلَقۡنٰہُمۡ مِّنۡ طِیۡنٍ لَّازِبٍ ﴿۱۱﴾ بَلۡ عَجِبۡتَ وَ یَسۡخَرُوۡنَ ﴿۪۱۲﴾ وَ اِذَا ذُکِّرُوۡا لَا یَذۡکُرُوۡنَ ﴿۪۱۳﴾ وَ اِذَا رَاَوۡا اٰیَۃً یَّسۡتَسۡخِرُوۡنَ ﴿۪۱۴﴾ وَ قَالُوۡۤا اِنۡ ہٰذَاۤ اِلَّا سِحۡرٌ مُّبِیۡنٌ ﴿ۚۖ۱۵﴾ ءَ اِذَا مِتۡنَا وَ کُنَّا تُرَابًا وَّ عِظَامًا ءَاِنَّا لَمَبۡعُوۡثُوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۱۶﴾ اَوَ اٰبَآؤُنَا الۡاَوَّلُوۡنَ ﴿ؕ۱۷﴾ Now ask them: "Is it more difficult to create them or those whom We have created [before them]?" [8] In reality, We had created them from sticking clay.[9] No, this is not the slightest difficult; in fact, you wonder [that why do they not believe in such a clear fact] and are making fun [regarding the kind of things you believe in.] And when they are reminded, they do not pay heed and when they see a sign, they make fun of it and say: "Nothing! This is only plain magic; what! when we die and become clay and bones, will we be raised again? And our earlier forefathers too?" (11-17) قُلۡ نَعَمۡ وَ اَنۡتُمۡ دَاخِرُوۡنَ ﴿ۚ۱۸﴾ فَاِنَّمَا ہِیَ زَجۡرَۃٌ وَّاحِدَۃٌ فَاِذَا ہُمۡ یَنۡظُرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۹﴾ وَ قَالُوۡا یٰوَیۡلَنَا ہٰذَا یَوۡمُ الدِّیۡنِ ﴿۲۰﴾ ہٰذَا یَوۡمُ الۡفَصۡلِ الَّذِیۡ کُنۡتُمۡ بِہٖ تُکَذِّبُوۡنَ ﴿۲۱﴾ Say: Yes and you will also be humiliated. Thus it will only be a shout; then right at that time they will [get up and] look about[10] and say: "Our misfortune! This is the day of reckoning." – yes indeed; it is precisely that day of judgement which you people had been denying.[11] (18-21) اُحۡشُرُوا الَّذِیۡنَ ظَلَمُوۡا وَ اَزۡوَاجَہُمۡ وَ مَا کَانُوۡا یَعۡبُدُوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۲۲﴾ مِنۡ دُوۡنِ اللّٰہِ فَاہۡدُوۡہُمۡ اِلٰی صِرَاطِ الۡجَحِیۡمِ ﴿ٙ۲۳﴾ وَ قِفُوۡہُمۡ اِنَّہُمۡ مَّسۡئُوۡلُوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۲۴﴾ مَا لَکُمۡ لَا تَنَاصَرُوۡنَ ﴿۲۵﴾ بَلۡ ہُمُ الۡیَوۡمَ مُسۡتَسۡلِمُوۡنَ ﴿۲۶﴾ It will be directed: "Gather these unjust people[12] and their sorts as well and they also which they have been worshipping besides God; then show all of them the way to Hell." And, yes, keep them awhile; something has to be asked from them as well. What is the matter! You are not helping one another at this time? They are speechless; in fact, today they have become very obedient.[13] (22-26) وَ اَقۡبَلَ بَعۡضُہُمۡ عَلٰی بَعۡضٍ یَّتَسَآءَلُوۡنَ ﴿۲۷﴾ قَالُوۡۤا اِنَّکُمۡ کُنۡتُمۡ تَاۡتُوۡنَنَا عَنِ الۡیَمِیۡنِ ﴿۲۸﴾ قَالُوۡا بَلۡ لَّمۡ تَکُوۡنُوۡا مُؤۡمِنِیۡنَ ﴿ۚ۲۹﴾ وَ مَا کَانَ لَنَا عَلَیۡکُمۡ مِّنۡ سُلۡطٰنٍ ۚ بَلۡ کُنۡتُمۡ قَوۡمًا طٰغِیۡنَ ﴿۳۰﴾ فَحَقَّ عَلَیۡنَا قَوۡلُ رَبِّنَاۤ ٭ۖ اِنَّا لَذَآئِقُوۡنَ ﴿۳۱﴾ فَاَغۡوَیۡنٰکُمۡ اِنَّا کُنَّا غٰوِیۡنَ ﴿۳۲﴾ فَاِنَّہُمۡ یَوۡمَئِذٍ فِی الۡعَذَابِ مُشۡتَرِکُوۡنَ ﴿۳۳﴾ At that time, they will focus their attention towards one another to mutually ask questions. [Thus] they will say [to their leaders]: "It is you who would come to us from the right ..." [14] They [will interject and] reply: "No! In fact, you yourselves were not willing to believe and we had no control over you; in fact, you yourselves were a rebellious people. So, the word of our Lord has been fulfilled on us.[15] Undoubtedly, we have to taste its flavour. In reality, we had gone astray; so, we led you astray as well." In this way, all of them will share the punishment on that day.[16] (27-33) اِنَّا کَذٰلِکَ نَفۡعَلُ بِالۡمُجۡرِمِیۡنَ ﴿۳۴﴾ اِنَّہُمۡ کَانُوۡۤا اِذَا قِیۡلَ لَہُمۡ لَاۤ اِلٰہَ اِلَّا اللّٰہُ ۙ یَسۡتَکۡبِرُوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۳۵﴾ وَ یَقُوۡلُوۡنَ اَئِنَّا لَتَارِکُوۡۤا اٰلِہَتِنَا لِشَاعِرٍ مَّجۡنُوۡنٍ ﴿ؕ۳۶﴾ بَلۡ جَآءَ بِالۡحَقِّ وَ صَدَّقَ الۡمُرۡسَلِیۡنَ ﴿۳۷﴾ Thus shall We deal with the wrongdoers. Such were they that when it was said to them that there is no deity except God, they would show arrogance and [like you, O People of the Quraysh, they too] would say: "Should we leave our deities at the behest of a mad poet?" Certainly not![17] In fact, he has come with the truth and is in fulfillment of the prophecies of the messengers.[18] (34-37) اِنَّکُمۡ لَذَآئِقُوا الۡعَذَابِ الۡاَلِیۡمِ ﴿ۚ۳۸﴾ وَ مَا تُجۡزَوۡنَ اِلَّا مَا کُنۡتُمۡ تَعۡمَلُوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۳۹﴾ اِلَّا عِبَادَ اللّٰہِ الۡمُخۡلَصِیۡنَ ﴿۴۰﴾ اُولٰٓئِکَ لَہُمۡ رِزۡقٌ مَّعۡلُوۡمٌ ﴿ۙ۴۱﴾ فَوَاکِہُ ۚ وَ ہُمۡ مُّکۡرَمُوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۴۲﴾ فِیۡ جَنّٰتِ النَّعِیۡمِ ﴿ۙ۴۳﴾ عَلٰی سُرُرٍ مُّتَقٰبِلِیۡنَ ﴿۴۴﴾ یُطَافُ عَلَیۡہِمۡ بِکَاۡسٍ مِّنۡ مَّعِیۡنٍۭ ﴿ۙ۴۵﴾ بَیۡضَآءَ لَذَّۃٍ لِّلشّٰرِبِیۡنَ ﴿ۚۖ۴۶﴾ لَا فِیۡہَا غَوۡلٌ وَّ لَا ہُمۡ عَنۡہَا یُنۡزَفُوۡنَ ﴿۴۷﴾ وَ عِنۡدَہُمۡ قٰصِرٰتُ الطَّرۡفِ عِیۡنٌ ﴿ۙ۴۸﴾ کَاَنَّہُنَّ بَیۡضٌ مَّکۡنُوۡنٌ ﴿۴۹﴾ [If you do not believe in him,] you will certainly taste a painful punishment and [this will not be any injustice;] you will be returned what you have been doing. However, the selected servants of God[19] will remain secure from it. It is these people for whom there will be a known sustenance; fruits[20] of all kinds. And in the orchards of delight they will be in great honour, sitting on thrones facing each other; [21] for them goblets of pure wine will be passing around; absolutely crystal clear; of very pleasant taste for the drinkers! It will neither intoxicate nor will make them lose their senses. For them will be large-eyed women with lowered gazes,[22] as if they are sheltered eggs [of an ostrich].[23] (38-49) فَاَقۡبَلَ بَعۡضُہُمۡ عَلٰی بَعۡضٍ یَّتَسَآءَلُوۡنَ ﴿۵۰﴾ قَالَ قَآئِلٌ مِّنۡہُمۡ اِنِّیۡ کَانَ لِیۡ قَرِیۡنٌ ﴿ۙ۵۱﴾ یَّقُوۡلُ اَئِنَّکَ لَمِنَ الۡمُصَدِّقِیۡنَ ﴿۵۲﴾ ءَ اِذَا مِتۡنَا وَ کُنَّا تُرَابًا وَّ عِظَامًا ءَ اِنَّا لَمَدِیۡنُوۡنَ ﴿۵۳﴾ قَالَ ہَلۡ اَنۡتُمۡ مُّطَّلِعُوۡنَ ﴿۵۴﴾ فَاطَّلَعَ فَرَاٰہُ فِیۡ سَوَآءِ الۡجَحِیۡمِ ﴿۵۵﴾ قَالَ تَاللّٰہِ اِنۡ کِدۡتَّ لَتُرۡدِیۡنِ ﴿ۙ۵۶﴾ وَ لَوۡ لَا نِعۡمَۃُ رَبِّیۡ لَکُنۡتُ مِنَ الۡمُحۡضَرِیۡنَ ﴿۵۷﴾ اَفَمَا نَحۡنُ بِمَیِّتِیۡنَ ﴿ۙ۵۸﴾ اِلَّا مَوۡتَتَنَا الۡاُوۡلٰی وَ مَا نَحۡنُ بِمُعَذَّبِیۡنَ ﴿۵۹﴾ اِنَّ ہٰذَا لَہُوَ الۡفَوۡزُ الۡعَظِیۡمُ ﴿۶۰﴾ لِمِثۡلِ ہٰذَا فَلۡیَعۡمَلِ الۡعٰمِلُوۡنَ ﴿۶۱﴾ Then they will turn towards one another so that they may mutually converse. One of the speakers will say: "I had a companion who would ask me [with great amazement]: 'Are you too one of those who attests to the Day of Judgement? What, when we die and become clay and bones, will we be called to reckoning?'' He will say: "Will you take a little peep to see [where he is and in what circumstances?]" After saying this, he will glance down; so he will see him in the middle of Hell.[24] [Then he will spontaneously cry out:] "By God! You were after ruining me! If the favour of my Lord had not been with me, I too would have been among those who have come apprehended. Then has it not happened that the first death that had to come to us, has come. Now we will not die nor will we be punished?"[25] Indeed, this is what is great success. So to this success, those who strive should strive.[26] (50-61) اَذٰلِکَ خَیۡرٌ نُّزُلًا اَمۡ شَجَرَۃُ الزَّقُّوۡمِ ﴿۶۲﴾ اِنَّا جَعَلۡنٰہَا فِتۡنَۃً لِّلظّٰلِمِیۡنَ ﴿۶۳﴾ اِنَّہَا شَجَرَۃٌ تَخۡرُجُ فِیۡۤ اَصۡلِ الۡجَحِیۡمِ ﴿ۙ۶۴﴾ طَلۡعُہَا کَاَنَّہٗ رُءُوۡسُ الشَّیٰطِیۡنِ ﴿۶۵﴾ فَاِنَّہُمۡ لَاٰکِلُوۡنَ مِنۡہَا فَمَالِـُٔوۡنَ مِنۡہَا الۡبُطُوۡنَ ﴿ؕ۶۶﴾ ثُمَّ اِنَّ لَہُمۡ عَلَیۡہَا لَشَوۡبًا مِّنۡ حَمِیۡمٍ ﴿ۚ۶۷﴾ ثُمَّ اِنَّ مَرۡجِعَہُمۡ لَا۠ اِلَی الۡجَحِیۡمِ ﴿۶۸﴾ اِنَّہُمۡ اَلۡفَوۡا اٰبَآءَہُمۡ ضَآلِّیۡنَ ﴿ۙ۶۹﴾ فَہُمۡ عَلٰۤی اٰثٰرِہِمۡ یُہۡرَعُوۡنَ ﴿۷۰﴾ وَ لَقَدۡ ضَلَّ قَبۡلَہُمۡ اَکۡثَرُ الۡاَوَّلِیۡنَ ﴿ۙ۷۱﴾ وَ لَقَدۡ اَرۡسَلۡنَا فِیۡہِمۡ مُّنۡذِرِیۡنَ ﴿۷۲﴾ [Ask them:] "Is this feast good or the tree of zaqqum?" We have made it a trial for these wrongdoers.[27] It is a tree that grows at the bottom of Hell.[28] Its buds are like heads of devils.[29] So, these wrongdoers will eat from it and fill their bellies from it. Then on top of it they will be given boiling water mixed in it. Then they will have to return to Hell come what may.[30] [These are those people that] they found their forefathers in error. Then they continued to run in their footsteps.[31] Before them, most in previous generations had also gone astray in this manner. We had sent warners among them too. Then see the fate of those who had been warned! Only the chosen servants of God were protected from it. (62-72) فَانۡظُرۡ کَیۡفَ کَانَ عَاقِبَۃُ الۡمُنۡذَرِیۡنَ ﴿ۙ۷۳﴾ اِلَّا عِبَادَ اللّٰہِ الۡمُخۡلَصِیۡنَ ﴿۷۴﴾ وَ لَقَدۡ نَادٰىنَا نُوۡحٌ فَلَنِعۡمَ الۡمُجِیۡبُوۡنَ ﴿۫ۖ۷۵﴾ وَ نَجَّیۡنٰہُ وَ اَہۡلَہٗ مِنَ الۡکَرۡبِ الۡعَظِیۡمِ ﴿۫ۖ۷۶﴾ وَ جَعَلۡنَا ذُرِّیَّتَہٗ ہُمُ الۡبٰقِیۡنَ ﴿۫ۖ۷۷﴾ وَ تَرَکۡنَا عَلَیۡہِ فِی الۡاٰخِرِیۡنَ ﴿۫ۖ۷۸﴾ سَلٰمٌ عَلٰی نُوۡحٍ فِی الۡعٰلَمِیۡنَ ﴿۷۹﴾ اِنَّا کَذٰلِکَ نَجۡزِی الۡمُحۡسِنِیۡنَ ﴿۸۰﴾ اِنَّہٗ مِنۡ عِبَادِنَا الۡمُؤۡمِنِیۡنَ ﴿۸۱﴾ ثُمَّ اَغۡرَقۡنَا الۡاٰخَرِیۡنَ ﴿۸۲﴾ [For this,] Noah pleaded to Us [the foremost].[32] Then see how gracious do We hear pleadings! We saved him and his people[33] from a great calamity and [in later times] made only his progeny to survive[34] and We left a group among the earlier generations on his ways.[35] Peace be to Noah among all the people of the world. Thus do We reward those who are thorough in their deeds. No doubt, He was from among Our true believers. Then [after separating him and his followers] We drowned others.[36] (73-82) وَ اِنَّ مِنۡ شِیۡعَتِہٖ لَاِبۡرٰہِیۡمَ ﴿ۘ۸۳﴾ اِذۡ جَآءَ رَبَّہٗ بِقَلۡبٍ سَلِیۡمٍ ﴿۸۴﴾ اِذۡ قَالَ لِاَبِیۡہِ وَ قَوۡمِہٖ مَاذَا تَعۡبُدُوۡنَ ﴿ۚ۸۵﴾ اَئِفۡکًا اٰلِہَۃً دُوۡنَ اللّٰہِ تُرِیۡدُوۡنَ ﴿ؕ۸۶﴾ فَمَا ظَنُّکُمۡ بِرَبِّ الۡعٰلَمِیۡنَ ﴿۸۷﴾ فَنَظَرَ نَظۡرَۃً فِی النُّجُوۡمِ ﴿ۙ۸۸﴾ فَقَالَ اِنِّیۡ سَقِیۡمٌ ﴿۸۹﴾ فَتَوَلَّوۡا عَنۡہُ مُدۡبِرِیۡنَ ﴿۹۰﴾ فَرَاغَ اِلٰۤی اٰلِہَتِہِمۡ فَقَالَ اَلَا تَاۡکُلُوۡنَ ﴿ۚ۹۱﴾ مَا لَکُمۡ لَا تَنۡطِقُوۡنَ ﴿۹۲﴾ فَرَاغَ عَلَیۡہِمۡ ضَرۡبًۢا بِالۡیَمِیۡنِ ﴿۹۳﴾ فَاَقۡبَلُوۡۤا اِلَیۡہِ یَزِفُّوۡنَ ﴿۹۴﴾ قَالَ اَتَعۡبُدُوۡنَ مَا تَنۡحِتُوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۹۵﴾ وَ اللّٰہُ خَلَقَکُمۡ وَ مَا تَعۡمَلُوۡنَ ﴿۹۶﴾ قَالُوا ابۡنُوۡا لَہٗ بُنۡیَانًا فَاَلۡقُوۡہُ فِی الۡجَحِیۡمِ ﴿۹۷﴾ فَاَرَادُوۡا بِہٖ کَیۡدًا فَجَعَلۡنٰہُمُ الۡاَسۡفَلِیۡنَ ﴿۹۸﴾ وَ قَالَ اِنِّیۡ ذَاہِبٌ اِلٰی رَبِّیۡ سَیَہۡدِیۡنِ ﴿۹۹﴾ رَبِّ ہَبۡ لِیۡ مِنَ الصّٰلِحِیۡنَ ﴿۱۰۰﴾ فَبَشَّرۡنٰہُ بِغُلٰمٍ حَلِیۡمٍ ﴿۱۰۱﴾ Certainly, Abraham[37] too was from among his group.[38] Recall, when with an upright heart[39] he came to the presence of his Lord.[40] When he said to his father and to the people of his nation: "What is this that you worship? Do you desire false deities besides God? Then what do you think about the Lord of the worlds?"[41] [When people were about to depart from the place of worship where Abraham had spoken these words,] he glanced at the stars[42] [to estimate the time]; then he said: "I am feeling tired."[43] Thus they left him and went away.[44] So, Abraham furtively went over to their deities[45] and said: "Why don't you eat? [46] What is the matter, you do not speak as well."[47] After that, as soon as he saw an opportunity, he pounced upon them and struck them with a strong hand.[48] [As soon as people got this news,] they ran towards him. Abraham said: "Do you worship what you invent? In reality, it is God Who has created you and they too which you make."[49] They said: "[If this is his how he behaves,] erect a building for him; then throw him in a raging fire."[50] So, they tried to play a trick with him;[51] but We did not let them succeed.[52] Abraham said: "[Leaving you aside, now] I will go towards my Lord. He will definitely guide me.[53] Lord! Grant me righteous children.[54] [As soon as Abraham prayed, in response] We gave him glad tidings of a forbearing boy.[55] (83-101) فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ مَعَہُ السَّعۡیَ قَالَ یٰبُنَیَّ اِنِّیۡۤ اَرٰی فِی الۡمَنَامِ اَنِّیۡۤ اَذۡبَحُکَ فَانۡظُرۡ مَاذَا تَرٰی ؕ قَالَ یٰۤاَبَتِ افۡعَلۡ مَا تُؤۡمَرُ ۫ سَتَجِدُنِیۡۤ اِنۡ شَآءَ اللّٰہُ مِنَ الصّٰبِرِیۡنَ ﴿۱۰۲﴾ فَلَمَّاۤ اَسۡلَمَا وَ تَلَّہٗ لِلۡجَبِیۡنِ ﴿۱۰۳﴾ۚ وَ نَادَیۡنٰہُ اَنۡ یّٰۤاِبۡرٰہِیۡمُ ﴿۱۰۴﴾ۙقَدۡ صَدَّقۡتَ الرُّءۡیَا ۚ اِنَّا کَذٰلِکَ نَجۡزِی الۡمُحۡسِنِیۡنَ ﴿۱۰۵﴾ اِنَّ ہٰذَا لَہُوَ الۡبَلٰٓـؤُا الۡمُبِیۡنُ ﴿۱۰۶﴾ وَ فَدَیۡنٰہُ بِذِبۡحٍ عَظِیۡمٍ ﴿۱۰۷﴾ وَ تَرَکۡنَا عَلَیۡہِ فِی الۡاٰخِرِیۡنَ ﴿۱۰۸﴾ۖ سَلٰمٌ عَلٰۤی اِبۡرٰہِیۡمَ ﴿۱۰۹﴾ کَذٰلِکَ نَجۡزِی الۡمُحۡسِنِیۡنَ ﴿۱۱۰﴾ اِنَّہٗ مِنۡ عِبَادِنَا الۡمُؤۡمِنِیۡنَ ﴿۱۱۱﴾ وَ بَشَّرۡنٰہُ بِاِسۡحٰقَ نَبِیًّا مِّنَ الصّٰلِحِیۡنَ ﴿۱۱۲﴾ وَ بٰرَکۡنَا عَلَیۡہِ وَ عَلٰۤی اِسۡحٰقَ ؕ وَ مِنۡ ذُرِّیَّتِہِمَا مُحۡسِنٌ وَّ ظَالِمٌ لِّنَفۡسِہٖ مُبِیۡنٌ ﴿۱۱۳﴾ [That boy reached maturity.] Then when he reached the age [56] to work about with him, Abraham said to him [one day]: "My son! [Since the past few days,[57]] I dream that I am slaughtering you. So reflect; what is your opinion?"[58] He said: "Father! Do as you are being directed. God willing, you will find me steadfast." Then when both of them submitted and the father laid down his son on his forehead[59] and We called out to him: "Abraham! You have made your dream come true,"[60] imagine how the sea of mercy must have stirred.[61] In reality, this is how We reward those who are thorough in their deeds.[62] Surely, this was a clear trial.[63] [When Abraham successfully came out of it,] We ransomed Ishmael against a grand sacrifice[64] and [gave Abraham such fame that] We left a group among the earlier generations on his ways. Peace be to Abraham.[65] Thus do We reward those who are thorough in their deeds. Undoubtedly, he was among Our believing servants.[66] [It was at this instance that] We gave him glad tidings of Isaac; a prophet from among righteous.[67] And We sent Our blessings to both Ishmael and Isaac. Now there are those in their progeny who are thorough in their deeds and also those who are openly unjust to their souls.[68] (102-113) وَ لَقَدۡ مَنَنَّا عَلٰی مُوۡسٰی وَ ہٰرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۱۴﴾ۚ وَ نَجَّیۡنٰہُمَا وَ قَوۡمَہُمَا مِنَ الۡکَرۡبِ الۡعَظِیۡمِ ﴿۱۱۵﴾ۚوَ نَصَرۡنٰہُمۡ فَکَانُوۡا ہُمُ الۡغٰلِبِیۡنَ ﴿۱۱۶﴾ۚ وَ اٰتَیۡنٰہُمَا الۡکِتٰبَ الۡمُسۡتَبِیۡنَ ﴿۱۱۷﴾ۚ وَ ہَدَیۡنٰہُمَا الصِّرَاطَ الۡمُسۡتَقِیۡمَ ﴿۱۱۸﴾ۚ وَ تَرَکۡنَا عَلَیۡہِمَا فِی الۡاٰخِرِیۡنَ ﴿۱۱۹﴾ۙ سَلٰمٌ عَلٰی مُوۡسٰی وَ ہٰرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۲۰﴾ اِنَّا کَذٰلِکَ نَجۡزِی الۡمُحۡسِنِیۡنَ ﴿۱۲۱﴾ اِنَّہُمَا مِنۡ عِبَادِنَا الۡمُؤۡمِنِیۡنَ ﴿۱۲۲﴾ In a similar way, We had sent Our blessings to Moses and Aaron[69] too and had delivered them and their nation[70] from a great calamity and had helped them. So, ultimately, it was they who remained dominant and We had given both of them a radiant book[71] and had guided them to the straight path and [like Noah and Abraham,] We had left a group from the earlier generations on their ways. Peace be to Moses and Aaron. Thus do We reward those who are thorough in their deeds. No doubt, both of them were also among Our true believers. (114-122) وَ اِنَّ اِلۡیَاسَ لَمِنَ الۡمُرۡسَلِیۡنَ ﴿۱۲۳﴾ؕاِذۡ قَالَ لِقَوۡمِہٖۤ اَلَا تَتَّقُوۡنَ ﴿۱۲۴﴾ اَتَدۡعُوۡنَ بَعۡلًا وَّ تَذَرُوۡنَ اَحۡسَنَ الۡخَالِقِیۡنَ ﴿۱۲۵﴾ۙ اللّٰہَ رَبَّکُمۡ وَ رَبَّ اٰبَآئِکُمُ الۡاَوَّلِیۡنَ ﴿۱۲۶﴾ فَکَذَّبُوۡہُ فَاِنَّہُمۡ لَمُحۡضَرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۲۷﴾ۙ اِلَّا عِبَادَ اللّٰہِ الۡمُخۡلَصِیۡنَ ﴿۱۲۸﴾ وَ تَرَکۡنَا عَلَیۡہِ فِی الۡاٰخِرِیۡنَ ﴿۱۲۹﴾ۙ سَلٰمٌ عَلٰۤی اِلۡ یَاسِیۡنَ ﴿۱۳۰﴾ اِنَّا کَذٰلِکَ نَجۡزِی الۡمُحۡسِنِیۡنَ ﴿۱۳۱﴾ اِنَّہٗ مِنۡ عِبَادِنَا الۡمُؤۡمِنِیۡنَ ﴿۱۳۲﴾ Similarly, Ilyas[72] too was surely among our prophets. Recall when he said to his nation:[73] "Do you have no fear? Do you call upon Ba'l[74] and leave aside Him Who is the best of Creators? God, Who is your Lord and of your previous ancestors as well?" Ultimately, they rejected him; so, now they too will also surely come apprehended. God's chosen servants will however remain secure. We [blessed Ilyas too and] left a group from the earlier generations on his ways. Peace be to the great Ilyas.[75] Thus do We reward those who are thorough in their deeds.[76] Surely, he was from among Our believing servants. (123-132) وَ اِنَّ لُوۡطًا لَّمِنَ الۡمُرۡسَلِیۡنَ ﴿۱۳۳﴾ؕ اِذۡ نَجَّیۡنٰہُ وَ اَہۡلَہٗۤ اَجۡمَعِیۡنَ ﴿۱۳۴﴾ۙ اِلَّا عَجُوۡزًا فِی الۡغٰبِرِیۡنَ ﴿۱۳۵﴾ ثُمَّ دَمَّرۡنَا الۡاٰخَرِیۡنَ ﴿۱۳۶﴾ وَ اِنَّکُمۡ لَتَمُرُّوۡنَ عَلَیۡہِمۡ مُّصۡبِحِیۡنَ ﴿۱۳۷﴾ وَ بِالَّیۡلِ ؕ اَفَلَا تَعۡقِلُوۡنَ ﴿۱۳۸﴾ And without a doubt, Lot[77] too was among our messengers. Recall when We delivered him and all his family except an old woman[78] so that she was among those who remained behind. After that, We destroyed others. [People of the Quraysh!] you do pass by these settlements in the morning and in the evening too. Then do you not use your intellect?[79] (133-138) وَ اِنَّ یُوۡنُسَ لَمِنَ الۡمُرۡسَلِیۡنَ ﴿۱۳۹﴾ؕ اِذۡ اَبَقَ اِلَی الۡفُلۡکِ الۡمَشۡحُوۡنِ ﴿۱۴۰﴾ۙ فَسَاہَمَ فَکَانَ مِنَ الۡمُدۡحَضِیۡنَ ﴿۱۴۱﴾ۚ فَالۡتَقَمَہُ الۡحُوۡتُ وَ ہُوَ مُلِیۡمٌ ﴿۱۴۲﴾ فَلَوۡ لَاۤ اَنَّہٗ کَانَ مِنَ الۡمُسَبِّحِیۡنَ ﴿۱۴۳﴾ۙ لَلَبِثَ فِیۡ بَطۡنِہٖۤ اِلٰی یَوۡمِ یُبۡعَثُوۡنَ ﴿۱۴۴﴾ۚؒ فَنَبَذۡنٰہُ بِالۡعَرَآءِ وَ ہُوَ سَقِیۡمٌ ﴿۱۴۵﴾ۚ وَ اَنۡۢبَتۡنَا عَلَیۡہِ شَجَرَۃً مِّنۡ یَّقۡطِیۡنٍ ﴿۱۴۶﴾ۚ وَ اَرۡسَلۡنٰہُ اِلٰی مِائَۃِ اَلۡفٍ اَوۡ یَزِیۡدُوۡنَ ﴿۱۴۷﴾ۚ فَاٰمَنُوۡا فَمَتَّعۡنٰہُمۡ اِلٰی حِیۡنٍ ﴿۱۴۸﴾ؕ Similarly, Jonah[80] too was among the messengers. Recall when [forsaking his nation,] he ran towards the ship[81] which had become packed with passengers.[82] Then [the ship was caught in a storm and at their bidding[83]] he cast lots [then it so happened that it fell upon him[84] and] he was thrown into the sea.[85] Then a fish swallowed him[86] and he had become blameworthy.[87] So, if he had not become those who glorify God, he would have remained in the belly of the fish until the day when people will be raised. [However, he glorified God;[88]] Thereupon We placed him in an open field and at that time he was exhausted. We [looked upon him with more favour] and made a climbing tree grow over him[89] and [to those whom he was assigned,] We sent him [again] to [the same] one hundred thousand, in fact to even more.[90] Then they accepted faith; so, We gave them the respite to live till a period of time.[91] (139-148) فَاسۡتَفۡتِہِمۡ اَلِرَبِّکَ الۡبَنَاتُ وَ لَہُمُ الۡبَنُوۡنَ ﴿۱۴۹﴾ۙ اَمۡ خَلَقۡنَا الۡمَلٰٓئِکَۃَ اِنَاثًا وَّ ہُمۡ شٰہِدُوۡنَ ﴿۱۵۰﴾ اَلَاۤ اِنَّہُمۡ مِّنۡ اِفۡکِہِمۡ لَیَقُوۡلُوۡنَ ﴿۱۵۱﴾ۙ وَلَدَ اللّٰہُ ۙ وَ اِنَّہُمۡ لَکٰذِبُوۡنَ ﴿۱۵۲﴾ اَصۡطَفَی الۡبَنَاتِ عَلَی الۡبَنِیۡنَ ﴿۱۵۳﴾ؕ مَا لَکُمۡ ۟ کَیۡفَ تَحۡکُمُوۡنَ ﴿۱۵۴﴾ اَفَلَا تَذَکَّرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۵۵﴾ۚ اَمۡ لَکُمۡ سُلۡطٰنٌ مُّبِیۡنٌ ﴿۱۵۶﴾ۙ فَاۡتُوۡا بِکِتٰبِکُمۡ اِنۡ کُنۡتُمۡ صٰدِقِیۡنَ ﴿۱۵۷﴾ [If they still not believe,] ask them:[92] "Are there daughters for your Lord and sons for them?"[93] Or have We made angels as women and they were observing this at that time? Listen! In reality, they are only saying what they have fabricated themselves: "God has given birth to children," and they are absolute liars. Has God preferred daughters to sons? [94] What has come over you; what sort of a judgement do you make? Then do you not use your senses?[95] Or do you have a clear argument [from the Book of God]? So, bring your book if you are truthful.[96] (149-157) وَ جَعَلُوۡا بَیۡنَہٗ وَ بَیۡنَ الۡجِنَّۃِ نَسَبًا ؕ وَ لَقَدۡ عَلِمَتِ الۡجِنَّۃُ اِنَّہُمۡ لَمُحۡضَرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۵۸﴾ۙ سُبۡحٰنَ اللّٰہِ عَمَّا یَصِفُوۡنَ ﴿۱۵۹﴾ۙ اِلَّا عِبَادَ اللّٰہِ الۡمُخۡلَصِیۡنَ ﴿۱۶۰﴾ فَاِنَّکُمۡ وَ مَا تَعۡبُدُوۡنَ ﴿۱۶۱﴾ۙ مَاۤ اَنۡتُمۡ عَلَیۡہِ بِفٰتِنِیۡنَ ﴿۱۶۲﴾ۙ اِلَّا مَنۡ ہُوَ صَالِ الۡجَحِیۡمِ ﴿۱۶۳﴾ They have also made up a relation between God and the jinn. And the jinn know very well that if they show disobedience, they too will definitely come apprehended – God is exalted from the statements they make[97] – Only the chosen servants of God will remain secure [from being seized by Him.] So, you and your deities, you can make only those obsessed with them who are to enter Hell [because of their misdeeds.] (158-163) وَ مَا مِنَّاۤ اِلَّا لَہٗ مَقَامٌ مَّعۡلُوۡمٌ ﴿۱۶۴﴾ۙ وَّ اِنَّا لَنَحۡنُ الصَّآفُّوۡنَ ﴿۱۶۵﴾ۚ وَ اِنَّا لَنَحۡنُ الۡمُسَبِّحُوۡنَ ﴿۱۶۶﴾ [They regard us to be daughters of God?[98] Certainly not!] Such is Our matter that each one of us has a specified position[99] and as far as we are concerned, we only stand arrayed in rows in His presence and we are [continuously] busy in glorifying Him.[100] (164-166) وَ اِنۡ کَانُوۡا لَیَقُوۡلُوۡنَ ﴿۱۶۷﴾ۙ لَوۡ اَنَّ عِنۡدَنَا ذِکۡرًا مِّنَ الۡاَوَّلِیۡنَ ﴿۱۶۸﴾ۙ لَکُنَّا عِبَادَ اللّٰہِ الۡمُخۡلَصِیۡنَ ﴿۱۶۹﴾ فَکَفَرُوۡا بِہٖ فَسَوۡفَ یَعۡلَمُوۡنَ ﴿۱۷۰﴾ These people[101] used to say: "Had the reminder[102] of the earlier generations been with us, we would have been the special servants of God."[103] [But when it came to them,] they denied it. So, soon they will know what its fate now will be. (167-170) وَ لَقَدۡ سَبَقَتۡ کَلِمَتُنَا لِعِبَادِنَا الۡمُرۡسَلِیۡنَ ﴿۱۷۱﴾ۚۖ اِنَّہُمۡ لَہُمُ الۡمَنۡصُوۡرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۷۲﴾۪ وَ اِنَّ جُنۡدَنَا لَہُمُ الۡغٰلِبُوۡنَ ﴿۱۷۳﴾ فَتَوَلَّ عَنۡہُمۡ حَتّٰی حِیۡنٍ ﴿۱۷۴﴾ۙ وَّ اَبۡصِرۡہُمۡ فَسَوۡفَ یُبۡصِرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۷۵﴾ [You are a messenger of God and] Our verdict has already been delivered about servants who We send as messengers that only they will be worthy of help. And indeed only Our army is destined to prevail.[104] So, ignore them awhile and keep observing them; for soon they will also observe. (171-175) اَفَبِعَذَابِنَا یَسۡتَعۡجِلُوۡنَ ﴿۱۷۶﴾ فَاِذَا نَزَلَ بِسَاحَتِہِمۡ فَسَآءَ صَبَاحُ الۡمُنۡذَرِیۡنَ ﴿۱۷۷﴾ وَ تَوَلَّ عَنۡہُمۡ حَتّٰی حِیۡنٍ ﴿۱۷۸﴾ۙ وَّ اَبۡصِرۡ فَسَوۡفَ یُبۡصِرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۷۹﴾ Then are they asking to hasten Our torment? So, when it will land in their open space, very evil will be the morning[105] of those who had been warned of it. [So, leave them] and ignore them awhile and keep observing them; for soon they too will observe. (176-179) سُبۡحٰنَ رَبِّکَ رَبِّ الۡعِزَّۃِ عَمَّا یَصِفُوۡنَ ﴿۱۸۰﴾ۚ وَ سَلٰمٌ عَلَی الۡمُرۡسَلِیۡنَ ﴿۱۸۱﴾ۚ وَ الۡحَمۡدُ لِلّٰہِ رَبِّ الۡعٰلَمِیۡنَ ﴿۱۸۲﴾ Your Lord, endowed with honour is exalted from all what they state and peace be to His messengers[106] and gratitude is for God alone, Lord of the worlds.[107] (180-182) (Translated by Dr Shehzad Saleem) ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ




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Surah al-A’raf (184-205)

Surah al-A’raf (163-183)

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Religious Extremism

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