The Prophet’s Time for Zuhr Prayers during Summers and Winters

The Prophet’s Time for Zuhr Prayers during Summers and Winters


Hadīth

روي أنه كان قدر صلاة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم الظهر في الصيف ثلاثة أقدام إلى خمسة أقدام وفي الشتاء خمسة أقدام إلى سبعة أقدام.

It is narrated that the approximate time of the Prophet's zuhr prayer was [when the shadows were] three to five feet long during summers and five to seven feet long during winters.[1]

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Notes on the Text of the Narrative

This narrative or a part of it with some variations has been reported in Abū Dā'ūd (No. 400), Nasa'ī (No. 503), Nasa'ī's Sunan Al-Kubraā (No. 1492), Bayhaqī (No. 1588) and Ibn Abī Shaybah (No. 3289). The preferred text is the one reported in Nasā'ī's, No. 503.

The word الظهر (i.e., zuhr) has been omitted in Abū Dā'ūd's No. 400.

In Ibn Abī Shaybah's narrative no. 3289, the subject matter of the narrative has been presented differently and has not even been ascribed to the Prophet (sws). The referred to narrative reads as:

قال عبد الله: إن أول وقت الظهر أن تنظر إلى قدميك فتقيس ثلاثة أقدام إلى خمسة أقدام وإن أول وقت الآخر خمسة أقدام إلى سبعة أقدام. أظنه قال في الشتاء.

'Abdullāh ibn Mas'ūd said: "[For] the starting time of zuhr, look at your feet and estimate three to five feet [of shadow]. And the other starting time [ie., for the starting time in winter], is five to seven feet [of shadows]. [The narrator says:] I think he said: [The other starting time, related to prayers] in winters."

(This write-up is prepared by the Hadith Cell of Javed Ahmad Ghamidi)




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