What should a Person say when he hears the Adhān?

What should a Person say when he hears the Adhān?


Hadīth

(This write-up is prepared by the HadithCell of Jāved Ahmad Ghāmidi)

روي أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: إذا قال المؤذن: الله اكبر الله اكبر فقال أحدكم: الله اكبر الله اكبر، ثم قال: أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله، قال: أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله، ثم قال: أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله، قال: أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله، ثم قال: حي على الصلاة، قال: لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله، ثم قال حي على الفلاح، قال: لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله، ثم قال: الله اكبر الله اكبر، قال: الله اكبر الله اكبر، ثم قال: لا إله إلا الله، قال: لا إله إلا الله من قلبه ذخل الجنة.

It is narrated that the Prophet (sws) said: "When the caller to the prayer says: 'Allāh Akbar Allāh Akbar' and you say: 'Allāh Akbar Allāh Akbar'[1], then when he says: 'Ashhadu an lāilāha illallāh'[2] and you say: 'Ashhadu an lā ilāha illallāh' and then when he says: 'Ashhadu anna MuhammadanRasūlullāh'[3] and you say: 'Ashhadu anna MuhammadanRasūlullāh' and then when he says: 'hayya 'alā al-salah'[4] and you say: 'lā hawla walā quwwata illā billāh'[5] and then when he says: 'hayya 'ala al-falāh'[6] and you say: 'lā hawla walā quwwata illā billāh'[7], then when he says: 'Allāh Akbar Allāh Akbar'[8] and you say: 'Allāh Akbar Allāh Akbar' and then when he says: 'lā ilāha illallāh'[9] and you say: 'lā ilāha illallāh', [when he says all this] from [the depth of] his heart, he shall enter paradise[10]."

Notes on the Text of the Narrative

This narrative or a part of it with some variations has been reported in Bukhārī (nos. 586, 587 and 872), Muslim (nos. 383 and 385), Mu'attā Imām Mālik (no. 148), Tirmadhī (no. 208), Abū Dā'ūd (nos. 522 and 527), Nasā'ī(nos. 673 and 677), Ahmad Ibn Hanbal(nos. 11033, 11522, 11759, 11878, 16874, 16877, 16942, 16968 and 23917), Ibn Hibbān(nos. 1684, 1685 1686 and 1687), Nasā'īal-Kubrā(nos. 1637, 1640, 9862, 9865, 9868, 9869, 10184 and 10185), Bayhaqī(nos. 1784, 1785, 1786 and 1787), Dārimī(nos. 1202 and 1203), Ibn Khuzaymah (nos. 411, 414, 415, 416 and 417), AbūYa'lā (no. 1189), 'Abd al-Razzāq (nos. 1844, 1845, 1847 and 1849), Ibn Abī Shaybah (nos. 2360 and 2363), Al-Humaydī (no. 606). The preferred text is the one reported in Muslim (no. 383).

In some narratives, as for instance in Nasā'īal-Kubrā(no. 9868), the words دخل الجنة (he shall enter paradise) have been replaced with وجبت له الجنة (he is sure to enter paradise).

Almost the same content has differently been reported in some narratives, as for instance in Bukhārī (no. 586):

روي أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: إذا سمعتم النداء فقولوا مثل ما يقول المؤذن.

It is narrated that the Prophet (sws) said: When you hear the [prayer] caller, repeat what the caller says.

In some narratives, as in Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (no. 15658), the Prophet's saying has alternatively been reported as:

إذا سمعتم المنادي يثوب بالصلاة فقولوا كما يقول (when you hear the person making the call gathering [people] for the prayer, repeat what he says), while in some variations of this reporting, as for instance in Nasā'īSunan al-Kubrā(no. 9862), the words يثوب بالصلاة(gathering [people] for the prayer) have been omitted.

In some narratives, as for instance, in Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (no. 11033), the words مثل ما يقول (as he says) have been replaced by a synonymous phrase كما يقول.

In some narratives, as for instance in Muslim (no. 383), the words مثل ما يقول المؤذن (as the callers says) have been replaced with مثل ما سمعتم المؤذن (as you hear the caller).

In some narratives, as for instance in Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (no. 11759), the word المؤذن (the caller) has been omitted.

In another narrative, as for instance in Ibn Khuzaymah (no. 414), the same implication has been reported as follows:

عن عيسى بن طلحة قال دخلنا مع معاوية فنادى المنادي بالصلاة. فقال: الله أكبر الله أكبر فقال معاوية: الله أكبر الله أكبر، ثم قال: أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله، فقال معاوية: وأنا أشهد، ثم قال: أشهد أن محمد رسول الله، فقال معاوية: وأنا أشهد، ثم قال: حي على الصلاة، فقال معاوية: لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله، ثم قال: حي على الفلاح، فقال معاوية: لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله، فقال: الله أكبر الله أكبر لا إله إلا الله، فقال معاوية: الله أكبر الله أكبر لا إله إلا الله ثم قال هكذا سمعت نبيكم صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول.

'I#sā Ibn Talhah says: "[Once] we entered [the mosque] with Mu'āwiyah. The caller started calling [to gather people] for the prayer. He said: 'Allāh Akbar Allāh Akbar', at this Mu'āwiyah also said 'Allāh Akbar Allāh Akbar'. Then he said: 'Ashhadu an lā ilāha illallāh' and Mu'āwiyah said: 'wa anā ashhad' (I too bear witness). Then he said: 'Ashhadu anna MuhammadanRasūlullāh' and Mu'āwiyah said: 'wa anā ashhad' (I too bear witness). Then he said: 'hayya 'alā al-salah' and Mu'āwiyah said: 'lā hawla walā quwwata illā billah'. Then he said: 'hayya 'alā al-lfalāh' and Mu'āwiyah said: 'lā hawla walā quwwata illā billāh'. Then he said: 'Allāh Akbar, Allāh Akbar lā ilāha illallāh' and Mu'āwiyah repeated 'Allāh Akbar, Allāh Akbar lā ilāha illallāh'. Then Mu'āwiyah said: 'This is how I heard your Prophet (sws) say.'"

In some narratives, as in Bukhārī (no. 872), the words فنادى المنادي بالصلاة (the caller started calling [to gather people] for the prayer) have been replaced with أذن المؤذن (the caller started Ādhān).

In some narratives, as in Bukhārī (no. 872), the two occurrences of the words وأنا أشهد (I too bear witness) have been replaced with وأنا (and I [bear witness]), in Ibn Khuzaymah (no. 415), both these occurrences have been replaced by the preceding words of Ādhān, while in Bayhaqī (no. 1787), the first of these occurrences is replaced with وأنا أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله (and I too bear witness that there is no god, except the One God) while the second occurrence is replaced with وأنا أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله (and I too bear witness that Muhammad is a messenger of God).

In Bukhārī (no. 872), the response to حي على الصلاة (come to the prayer) and حي على الفلاح (come to salvation) have been omitted.

The words فقال الله أكبر الله أكبر لا إله إلا الله فقال معاوية الله أكبر الله أكبر لا إله إلا الله (then he said: "Allāh Akbar, Allāh Akbar, lā ilāha illallāh" and Mu'awiyah repeated: "Allāh Akbar, Allāh Akbar, la ilāha illallāh") have been reported in Ibn Hibbān(no. 1687). In some narratives, as for instance in Nasā'īal-Kubrā(no. 10185), these words have been replaced with وقال بعد ذلك ما قال المؤذن (after this, he repeated the words spoken by the caller to prayers).

In another narrative, as for instance in Ahmad Ibn Hambal (no. 16968), the same implication has been reported as follows:

روي أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا سمع المؤذن يقول: الله اكبر الله اكبر، قال مثل قوله وإذا قال: أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله، قال مثل قوله وإذا قال أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله، قال مثل قوله.

It is narrated that when the Prophet (sws) would hear the caller to the prayers say "Allāh Akbar Allāh Akbar", he would repeat the words as spoken by him [the caller] and when he would say "Ashhadu an lā ilāha illallāh", he would repeat the words as spoken by him [the caller], and when he would say "Ashhadu anna MuhammadanRasūlullāh", he would repeat the words as spoken by him [the caller].

In some narratives, as for instance Humaydī (no. 606), the words الله اكبر الله اكبر (Allāh Akbar, Allāh Akbar) have been repeated in place of the first occurrence of مثل قوله (as spoken by the caller), and the words وأنا أشهد (and I too bear witness) have been reported in place of the second and third occurrence of the phrase مثل قوله (as spoken by the caller).

In another narrative, as for instance in Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (no. 23917), the same implication has been reported as follows:

روي أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا سمع المؤذن قال مثل ما يقول حتى إذا بلغ حي على الصلاة حي على الفلاح، قال لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله.

It is narrated that when the Prophet (sws) would hear the caller to prayers [make the call], he would repeat the words as spoken by him, till the time that he reached "hayya 'alā al-salah hayya 'alā al-falāh", he would say "lā hawla walā quwwata illā billāh".

In some narratives, as for instance in Nasā'īal-Kubrā(no. 9869), the words إذا سمع المؤذن (when he heard the caller to the prayers) have been replaced by ذا سمع الأذانإ(when he heard the call to the prayer).

In some narratives, as in Nasā'īal-Kubrā(no. 9865), the clause قال مثل ما... إلا بالله (he would repeat the words as spoken… quwwata illā billāh) has been reported as قال كما يقول حتى يسكت (he would say what was said by him [the caller], till he would become silent).

In some narratives, as for instance in Nasā'īal-Kubrā(no. 9869), the words حتى إذا بلغ (till that he reached) have been replaced by فإذا بلغ (then when he reached).

In some narratives, as in Abd al-Razzāq (no. 1847), the words العلي العظيم (al-'Alī al-'Azīm (the High, the Great)) have been added at the end of لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله (lā hawla walā quwwata illā billāh (There is neither any power nor strength except from God).




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