Conditions Of Revolt And Jihad

I have read your book "The Islamic Sharī‘ah of Jihad" by Javed Ahmad Ghamidi, which arose a few questions in my mind. Please answer my following questions:

a.In which conditions Jihad against the ruler of one’s own Islamic state can be undertaken?
b.When and how can we declare a ruler of our Islamic state a non-Muslim urge people to defy his orders?
c.In battle of Siffīn Hazrat Mu‘āviah revolted against Hazrat Ali so who was at truth, and whose battle can be taken as jihad?

d. Was the battle of Karbala a revolt against the ruler Yazīd? Give your reasons.

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