I have just read this writing. Difference between Khilafah and Malookiyyah. Three questions are popping up in my mind.
One, if Mulookiyyat means the system that is based on "transferring" authority to sons, then, Syedna Ali should be called as the pioneer of Mulookiyyat instead of Syedna Muawiyah because he, first, transferred the authority to his son Syedna Hasan?
Two, if Mulookiyyat means the system that is based on "receiving" authority from father, then, Syedna Hassan should be called as the poineer of Mulookiyyat instead of Syedna Yazeed because he, first, inherited the authority from his father Syedna Ali?
Three, what if a going ruler tries to transfer the authority smoothly in his life just to make sure the nation does not have to be ruler-less at the time of election so as to save the nation from possible disruption and differences?
(Here I am using "Syedna" for Yazeed too as I do not want to disrespect anyone before being enlightened about all).