Life In Hell And Paradise

I am reading the English translation of the Quran by Abdullah Yusuf Ali. My copy also contains his notes on the passages. He writes under Q 10:45 that we will recognize each other on Judgment Day so we know that justice is served and that Allah served righteousness to those according to their deeds on earth.

When Judgment is passed and we (InshaAllah) are granted eternity in Jannah, will our memories of those doomed for the fire remain with us? Seems a hard thing to consume knowing that some on earth that were not evil but just not believers and we were friends with are in eternal agony. Could you explain in your best opinion of this?

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Is God Just And Merciful?

Please respond to the following questions from a Hindu friend.

Put simply, the basic premises of the Abrahamic beliefs (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) are as follows:
  • God is just, kind, perfect
  • This life is our first and last life
  • God is testing us here
  • Based on the marks we obtain in this test, we will go to either Heaven or Hell.

The differences between various sects of Judaism, Christianity and Islam lie only in

  •  the testing criteria and the description of Heaven and Hell
  •  the level of fanaticism required for passing this Test.
But the basic construct is same – One Life which is Test, God is best examiner, and Result is Pass (Heaven) or Fail (Hell).
Let us evaluate this basic construct critically through a series of examples, and decide whether it is logically plausible.
1.
Many children die in the wombs. Now as per Islam or Christianity would they go to Heaven or Hell? Most scholars of Islam and Christianity say they go to Heaven because they never did anything wrong in their lives.
Now my question is “Did they even have an option to do anything wrong?”
Is God not being partial by clearing one candidate even without starting his examination, and another one has to keep giving test after test continuously for 100 years!
2.
Many children die young before they reach maturity. Even the wrong acts they do are not out of willful desire to do something wrong but out of innocence. Would they reach Heaven or Hell?
If they reach Heaven, then why does God not kill everyone in their childhood and ensure a seat in Heaven for them? Is God not being unjust and imperfect?
If they reach Hell, what was their fault?
Say twins were born. Both lived same innocent life for first 3 years. Then one died. He will go straight to Heaven. The other remained innocent for next few years, then got into bad company, became an Apostate/Kafir and died at age of 60. Now he should go to Hell, as per the Books.
Is this not God’s crime that he made him live for 60 years and not his brother? Had he killed both at same age of 3 years, both would have gone to Heaven!
So if there is one life and permanent Heaven/Hell, it proves God is unjust.
3.
A person is born insane. His mental faculties have not developed beyond say, age of five. But he lives a long life. Will he go to Hell or Heaven?
Again the same questions as above rise. And result in either God being unjust or concept of one life as test to enter Heaven/Hell being wrong.
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Status Of The Dead

Once you have died and you answer the three question by the angels truthfully, what happens to your soul and body? Also, can we do create a world to live in until judgement day for my soul?

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Salvation And Belief In The Prophet Muhammad

According to verse sixty-two of sura al-Baqara can we say that anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day and does good deeds shall be given his reward in hereafter and shall have no fear or grief irrespective of his or her religion? Can non-Muslims of today enjoy aforesaid reward while some religious scholars say that it is only privilege of Muslims?

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Untimely Deaths

My mother passed away in March 2010 in a road accident. I my father suffered a heart attack and departed me in May 2011. These incidents have left me a bitter victim of hopeless, disparity and disappointment. I find myself always praying to God to end my life as soon as possible. My question from you is: Isn’t it injustice from God to take the parents from children at a time when they have grown up? The parents have spent all their pleasures and income on their children for these days. Why do they depart when they should be reaping the benefit of their labor and love? Can I meet my parents in the next world?

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Identity Of The People On The Day Of Judgment

It is commonly believed that on the Day of Judgment God Almighty will call the people by his/her mothers’ name. Is it authentic?

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Portents Of The Last Day

I heard in one lecture about "signs" of the Last Day (qiyamat) that "authentic signs are only two and both of them have already been fulfilled. Third one is about Gog and Magog, yet to be fulfilled. Others all signs we usually hear, are not authentic. My question is that I also heard that at the time of qiyamat "no Muslim would be alive and Qur’an would be no more preserved in this world" Is that true? I mean is it possible that qiyamat could come even when good people and Muslims people would be living in the world? Because by that saying, many people say that "qiyamat will not come at the moment because there are still many Muslims (good one) living here and Qur’an is still among us.

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Regarding An Event On The Day Of Judgment

I have heard that on the Day of Judgment the Almighty would call their children by their mothers’ names. Is this correct? I have also heard that people will be called after the names of their names on the Day of Judgement. Please explain.

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Am I Being Punished?

I am twenty-eight years old and have a new baby boy who is four months old now. Six weeks after the baby was born he needed to have surgery and I almost lost him. Ever since I am so scared I am going to lose him again. I am a practicing Muslim I pray, fast and do my duties as a Muslim. I am not perfect but I am trying. My question is how I stop this constant fear of losing my baby. I have faith in Allah but ever since the surgery I have become very scared and in a constant state of panic and stress. I fear everything. And sometimes I fear that Allah is punishing me for mistakes I have made prior to being married. I was born and raised in the states and unfortunately I have made many mistakes in my early twenties. After making my mistakes I went back on the path of Islam. I married a Muslim man, I went and performed an Umra and I recently had a baby all of which has happened within a year. Allah opened my path and made it very easy for me to return to Islam Alhamdulillah. I just want to know what I can do to stop being so scared all the time that I am being punished. I ask forgiveness with every prayer and yet I do not seem to stop being scared of my punishments in this life and the afterlife. Is there anything I can do to ease my mind?

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How Will The People Living In Adverse Moral And Religious Conditions Be Treated On The Last Day?

My concern is what will be criteria to ask question to the people of different mental level. For example villagers compared to highly qualified ones. I have noticed that many people in villages and especially women in villages are involved in polytheism and mostly they are just following the traditional acts of their parents and/or husbands. They even don't have basic concept of Islam. Going to visit saints, graves and much more. So how will be those people treated?

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معصوم لوگوں کو نمونہ عبرت بنایا جانا

بعض اوقات اللہ تعالیٰ بے گناہ اور معصوم لوگوں کو دوسروں کے لیے عبرت کا نمونہ بنادیتے ہیں۔ جنھیں عبرت بنایا گیا ہے، ان کا کیا قصور ہے؟

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قيامت كا وقوع

بعض علما کا یہ خیال ہے کہ مرنے کے فوراً بعد ہر انسان کے اعمال کا حساب کتاب ہو جاتا ہے اور وہ جنت یا دوزخ جس کا بھی مستحق ہو، اس میں چلا جاتا ہے۔ یہی وہ قیامت ہے جو انسان پر آنی ہے۔ اس فوراً حساب کتاب کی وجہ وہ یہ بتاتے ہیں کہ اللہ تعالیٰ ''سریع الحساب'' ہے، لہٰذاوہ قیامت کے حساب کتاب میں دیر نہیں کرتا۔ لیکن علما ہی کے ایک دوسرے گروہ کا خیال یہ ہے کہ حساب کتاب قیامت ہی کے دن ہو گا، وہاں از اول تا آخر تمام انبیا کو اور ان کی امتوں کو اکٹھا کیا جائے گا، پھر ان کے اعمال کا حساب کتاب ہو گا اور پھر اس کے بعد لوگ اپنے اچھے یا برے اعمال کے مطابق جنت یا دوزخ میں جائیں گے۔

آپ یہ بتائیے کہ قرآن مجید کی آیات کی روشنی میں ان دونوں میں سے کون سی راے صحیح ہے ؟

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قیامت کا مفہوم

کیا قیامت کا مطلب دنیا اور کائنات کا خاتمہ ہے یا اس سے مراد وہ وقت اور زمانہ ہے، جب اللہ تعالیٰ کا نظام، یعنی دین نافذ ہو جائے گا؟ اس سلسلے میں قرآن مجید سے کیا بات ثابت ہوتی ہے؟

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قیامت کا تصور

انسان کے اندر نیکی اور بدی کا شعور ہے۔ وہ انصاف کا ایک تصور بھی اپنے اندر رکھتا ہے۔ یعنی یہ اس کی فطرت میں موجود ہے۔ اگر یہی حقیقت ہے اور وا‏قعی یہی ہے تو اس حقیقت کا ایک تقاضا ہے، ایک نتیجہ ہے اور وہ یہ کہ اس ظالم دنیا کی جگہ (خدا تعالی کے منصف ہونے کی وجہ سے) کوئی ایسی دنیا وجود پذیر ہو جہاں نیکی کا نتیجہ اچھا اور برائی کا نتیجہ برا نکلے۔ اس وجہ سے قیامت کا تصور ایک ایک واضح حقیقت کے طور پر ہمارے سامنے آتا ہے۔ میرا سوال یہاں پہ یہ ہے کہ ہم اس ساری بحث کے نتیجے کے طور پر قیامت کی جگہ نروانا یا ایسی ہی کسی فلاسفی کو کیوں نہ مانیں۔ اور قیامت ہی کو اس کا فطری تقاضا کیوں قرار دیں۔

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غیر مسلموں کو اچھے اعمال کا اجر

ایک سوال کے جواب میں آپ نے یہ فرمایا: غیر مسلموں کو بھی ان کے اچھے اعمال کی جزا ملے گی۔ اگر آپ کی بات دنیا میں جزا سے متعلق ہے تو قابل قبول ہے ۔ آخرت کے حوالے سے یہ کسی طرح درست نہیں ہو سکتی، اس لیے کہ غیر مسلم ایمان کے بنیادی شرائط ہی پورا نہیں کرتے۔ مثال کے طور پر عیسائی، عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کو خدا کا بیٹا، بلکہ بعض صورتوں میں اسی کا ایک روپ مانتے ہیں۔ وہ تثلیث کے ماننے والے ہیں۔ یہودی آخری رسول صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم اور آخری کتاب پر ایمان نہیں رکھتے، ان کے نزدیک حضرت مسیح علیہ السلام بھی پیغمبر نہیں تھے۔ ہندو واضح مشرک ہیں۔ اس صورت حال میں کون سا غیرمسلم جزا پائے گا۔ ہم ابوطالب کی مثال کو دیکھتے ہیں۔ ایک روایت میں بیان ہوا ہے کہ ان کو جہنم میں سب سے کم سزا ہو گی۔ بہرحال یہ تو واضح ہے کہ وہ جہنم میں جائیں گے، حالاں کہ انھوں نے آپ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کا ساتھ دیا تھا، وہ صرف اس لیے جہنمی ہیں کہ انھوں نے اسلام قبول نہیں کیا۔


برائے مہربانی ان سوالوں کے تناظر میں اپنا نقطۂ نظر وضاحت سے بیان کر دیجیے۔

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آيت ” وجائ بالنبين والشھداء ” ميں شہدا سے مراد

وجائ بالنبين والشھداء (الزمر39: 69) ميں شہدا کن کو کہا گيا ہے؟

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عقیدۂ آخرت کی عقلی و منطقی توجیہ

آخرت اسلام کا ایک بنیادی عقیدہ ہے ۔ اس کے مطابق اس زندگی کے بعد بھی ایک زندگی ہے ۔ کیا اس عقیدے کی کوئی عقلی و منطقی توجیہ کی جا سکتی ہے؟

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