Declaration Of Faith

My parents taught me the kalimah shahadah as follows: la ilaha illAllah Muhammad ur rasulullah. Why do I have to add that Prophet Mohammed is the Messenger of Allah while there were so many prophets and all of them taught the same religion? Would it matter if I just said la ilaha illallah?

Why do we mention the name of the Prophet Muhammad (sws) and the Prophet Ibrahim (sws) in the tashahhud (sitting position in the prayer)? Also please tell me who authored the supplication to be made in this position?

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Bowing In Front Of Ka’bah

I have two questions to ask.

1.We as a Muslim have a belief that we cannot bow down before any idol, fire etc. but what is the status of Ka’bah as it is also made of stone just like others idols. It is true that we do not bow down before anything in our prayers until and unless we are in front of ka’bah. But the basic philosophy seems to be the same. We bow down before ka’bah from far away but idea remains the same. What is then the difference between us and the followers of others religions? Does not it only mean that they bow down directly and we indirectly? They also say that we are bowing down before idol as a symbol of our respect to God. We follow the same idea. The only difference is that they bow down before many and we bow in direction of one object, ka’bah.
2. What is status of Hazrat Ibrahim regarding the incident of atish-e-namrood? Was he really thrown into fire and that fire lost its heat? Why God did not save his Prophets through normal course of action? Why God always saved the prophets through special help which is not experienced in normal circumstances? For example, Moses was saved by bisecting the river. What is the status of these supernatural incidents?
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ابراہیم علیہ السلام اللہ کے رسول تھے۔ يا نبی ؟

چند سوالات پیش خدمت ہیں۔ ١۔ منہج انقلاب نبوی میں ہے کہ ابراہیم علیہ السلام اللہ کے رسول تھے۔ قرآن میں کہاں پر ان کو اللہ کا رسول کہا گیا ہے۔ قرآن میں سورہ مریم میں ان کو اللہ کا نبی کہا گیا ہے۔ برائے مہربانی واضح کریں کہ آپؑ صرف نبی تھے یا رسول بھی تھے؟ ٢۔ قرآن مجید میں ہے کہ حقا علینا نصر المومنین، تو پھر کیا نبی مومن نہیں ہوتا کہ وہ قتل ہو جاتا ہے؟میرے خیال میں تو مومنوں سے بھی برتر ہوتا ہے۔ اگر اللہ کے نبی مومن ہونے کے باوجود قتل ہو سکتے ہیں تو کیا رسول کے لیے قتل ہونے کا امکان پیدا نہیں ہو جاتا؟ برائے مہربانی وضاحت فرمائیں۔