Creed Of Prayer Imam

Is it appropriate to ask an imam about his "creed/belief" to determine if one should follow him in congregational prayer?

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Taqleed And The Muslim Jurists

An argument proposed by the proponents of following the imāms is that they (the imams) took all of that (the religious knowledge) from the students of the companions (tabi’in) who received their instruction from the companions themselves, who received their instructions from the Lawgiver himself, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, divinely protected from every mistake, who bore witness that the first three generations of Muslims would be ones of virtue and righteousness. Also, these Imams were from the best of the generations and thus are considered by the consensus to have reached human perfection. So, how can one say that following any one of these imams is not the right way?

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About Shia Conduct

I am suuni Muslim but have lots of syed shia friends. I have noticed the shia scholars curse and taunt sunnis and their beliefs for one hour and in the end of ten minutes of mujlis they weep over hussain’s (rta) shahadat. I want to ask what is the problem with shia scholars why they provoke shia Muslims to hate sunnis as we all know they do this very systematically. It is on there agenda to build a wall between sunnis and shias. We sunnis do listen to shias but shias do not listen to us at all. They fight and get worst. Why no one stop these so called shia scholars? Why they do this? What is the purpose behind it?

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Women Leading Men In Prayer

My question is about a woman being Imam in congregational Salah. I watched a video of Mr. Ghamidi recently and he mentioned that there was no Quranic verse or Hadeeth which specifically makes this an issue and declares its prohibition. With regards to that video, I would like your detailed response on the following issues:

1. Mr. Ghamidi, in that video, gave example of Umm-e-Waraqah who had been made the "Imam of Masjid of Daar" i.e. she used to lead the people of a particular small area. He then quoted a recent scholar, Dr. Hameedullah, who proposes that she led both men and women especially considering the fact that the Mo'azzin was a man. Please give me a detailed account of the validity and authenticity of this narration (riwayat). Because, in a question answer response given by Mr. Saleh Al-Munajjid he writes: "With regard to the evidence presented by those who refer to the reports which say that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gave Umm Waraqah permission to leed her household in prayer (narrated by Abu Dawood, 591), they say that she used to lead the people of her house in prayer, among whom were men and boys. The scholars have given several answers to that:
The hadeeth is ḍaeef (weak). Al-Haafiz said in al-Talkhees (p. 121): Its isnaad includes Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Khallaad who is unknown." End quote.
2. Mr. Ghamidi gave example of a woman named Ghazzala in the Khwarij who led people in Salah. Please give me a detailed account of the validity and authenticity of this.
3. Mr. Ghamidi gave example of Umm-e-Waraqah being appointed by Sayyidina Umar during his caliphate to watch over some state matters. Please could you give a detailed account of its authenticity?
Some doubts regarding Imamat of woman that require clarification:
1. I see that a large number of prominent scholars over the course of the history of Islam have unanimously agreed upon this issue that a woman cannot lead men in prayer. To give a few examples I can quote the following two (among many):
Ibn Hazm said in Maraatib al-Ijmaa, p. 27 "They are unanimously agreed that a woman should not lead men in prayer when they know that she is a woman. If they do that then their prayer is invalid, according to scholarly consensus." End quote.
Al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo (4/152): "Our companions are agreed that it is not permissible for an adult man or a boy to pray behind a woman. The prohibition on a woman leading men in prayer applies equally to obligatory prayers, Taraweeh and all supererogatory prayers. This is our view and the view of all the scholars from the earlier and later generations (may Allaah have mercy on them).
Al-Bayhaqi narrated this from the seven fuqaha the Taabi’i fuqaha of Madeenah. It is also the view of Maalik, Abu Haneefah, Sufyaan, Ahmad and Dawood" End quote.
My question is that is there any prominent scholar in the history of Islam who believed in the permissibility of a woman leading men in prayer? If not, then will it not surprising that throughout the history of Islam, no major scholar was able to figure out the permissibility? Does this not tend to imply that the correct interpretation of this matter is what the scholars have unanimously agreed upon? Please comment.
2. We can only worship Allah by the specific ways given by Allah and by his Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), for example Allah asked us to establish salah, so now if someone says look Quran says establish prayer and I dance around saying see this is salah, will that be acceptable? Of course not! Because for that, one has to prove that dancing is Salah. One can't say prove to me where the Quraan says I can't dance around for praying? Actually its opposite. One has to prove that what he/she is doing is some thing that is Ibadah, that this is something that is acceptable to Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala ....this is the general rule in fiqh. One can't say prove to me where the Quraan or Sunnah says that woman can't lead the prayer to men in Islam, in Islam you have to prove that you should do this, not prove that you can't do it, its the other way round. Please comment.
3. There are many ahadeeth, which state that the row of women must stand behind the row of men in congregational prayer. E.g. Muslim (440) narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: The best rows for men are those are the front and the worst are those at the back, and the best rows for women are those at the back and the worst are those at the front. al-Bukhaari (684) and Muslim (421) narrated from Sahl ibn Saad al-Saaidi that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, Whoever notices anything amiss during the prayer, let him say tasbeeh, for if he does so it will be noticed; and clapping is only for women. Muslim (658) narrated from Anas ibn Maalik that he prayed behind the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and with him was his grandmother and an orphan. He said: "The orphan and I stood in a row behind him, and the old woman stood behind us." If a woman is encouraged in a hadeeth to pray in her house and keep away from men, and the worst rows for women are the front rows, because they are closer to the men, then how can it be befitting for Islam to allow a woman to pray as an imam, leading men in prayer? Please comment.
4. In the time of Prophet there were no rulings that are present today such as Mustahab, Makruh, Sunnat Muakkidah, Ghair Muakkidah etc. etc. These are our ulama who put ruling seeing the whole matter. So is it not enough to find the attitude of Prophet about a certain issue and then find the ruling of ulama (collectively) about the matter?
5. Can we not make an analogy of this matter with that of slavery? Islam did not prohibit slavery but the general attitude of Islam and its followers eventually led to its elimination. Many things are implied in religion and the way I see it, Islam uses some fundamental things and their understanding to creates a character, a personality that can then relate everything in his life to those fundamental things and infer what would be the correct and wrong action (in other words, Islam makes the Fitrah (that was inherent inside a person) expressive in its most pure and uncorrupted form). I believe that Quran and Sunnah do not need to give a Haraam or Halaal ruling about everything that is Haraam and Halaal or am I wrong? They generate a character that can then very well judge new things on his own, in light of the fundamentals taught to him. Please comment.
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Supplications After The Salah

The imam who leads the prayer, supplicates after the salah is completed. I personally prefer to recite supplications ascribed to the Prophet (sws) through reliable narrators. Some prayers have wahid mutakallim tense whereas Imam has to say dua for all namazeez using (plural) tense. Since for me it is difficult to change from singular to plural like Qalbi to Qulobuna and so on. So is it ok for imam to recite dua in wahid mutakallim tense.

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Schools Of Thought

I wanted to know your views on different (legal) schools of through. Which school of Islam is on right path?

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Women Imams

Are women allowed to lead men in prayers? Are these historical examples true? A woman led the funeral prayers for Imam Shafi'i (a respected Muslim scholar). In another stance the Holy Prophet (sws) would visit an elderly woman. The male servant of that woman would use to call the adhaan (call for prayer) while the woman herself would lead the prayer (http://shams.za.org/womenclaim.htm )

Also should women be allowed to pray alongside men in the mosques as they do in hajj? Or should they be segregated?
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The Four Schools

Can you explain what led to the forming of four sects in sunnis following the four Imams and how do these differ among each other.

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Imam Zain Al-Abideen

Some people claim that Imam Zain al-Abideen has been weeping (blood from eyes) for forty years. I wanted to learn whether it is correct.

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Appointment Of An Imam To Lead The Prayers

Did the Holy Prophet (sws) appoint a full time imam to run each mosque during his lifetime? If not, when was the imamat institution introduced? Outside of prayer times, were the mosques used as a civil secretariat or a qadi court to dispense justice?

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Prayers Led By An Innovator Imam

Through the recent book fair being held in Expo Centre, Karachi, I came to know about you and the books you wrote on Islam. I read two books of yours and found your findings very much correct and reformative. I not only appreciate but also admire your approach. I have a question which I want to ask from you and I know you will answer it in the light of Quran and the Sunnah.

First of all, I want to tell you something which is related to my question. The Imam of the Masjid where I used to go for the salah is often engaged in chanting Allāhū (name of God) all the time and keeps on shaking his head. He also asks his followers to do the same. According to my knowledge about my religion, this is not proved through the whole life of our beloved Holy Prophet (sws), the four Caliphs and the general companions (sahabah-i karam). Further, the Prophet (sws) said: "He who innovates something in this matter of ours that is not of it, will have it rejected." (Transmitted by Al Bukhari & Muslim).

Now, my question is: Can I perform the salah behind this Imam? Is it allowed to follow the Imam? What shall I do?

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Chanting Allah’s Name

Through the recent Book Fair being held in Expo Centre, Karachi, I came to know about you and the books you wrote on Islam. I read two books of yours and found very much correct. I not only appreciate but also admire your works. I have a question which I want to ask from you and I know you will answer it in the light of Quran and the sunnah.

First of all, I want to tell you something which is related to my question. The Imam of the Masjid where I go for salah does "the vird (chanting) of ALLAHU" all the time. He does this while shaking his head from the neck and also asks his followers to do the same. According to my knowledge about my religion, this is not proved through the whole life of our beloved Holy Prophet (sws), the four Caliphs and then the companions. Further, our Holy Prophet (sws) said: He who innovates something in this matter of ours that is not of it, will have it rejected." (Transmitted by Al Bukhari & Muslim).

Now, my question is: Can I perform salah behind this Imam? Is it allowed to follow the Imam? What shall I do?

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Objection Against Imam Abu Hanifah

I wanted to know what exactly are the objections raised against Imam Abu Hanifah in the field of Hadith and your response to these.

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Offering Prayer Led By An Imam Who Commits Polytheistic Acts

I would like to know if it is permissible to pray 'Jumu’ah (Friday) Prayer led by a person who goes to graves of righteous people to seek blessing from them and also prostrates on graves? Please note that there is no other option for me. My college is situated in a village and the only option is to pray in that particular mosque. Is it permissible to offer Jumu’ah (Friday) Prayer at my college after delivering the sermon?

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A Negative View Of The Work And Contributions Of Imam Abu Hanifa

I recently came to know from some of my friends that imam Auu Hanifa was a deviant. He referred to the views of the great scholars of the past about the work and person of Imam Abu Hanifah. He told me that Imam Fakhr Al-Din Razi, wrote: "Imam Ahmad b. Hanbal was asked about Imam Malik. The reply was: “His Hadiths are correct but the narrators are weak.” Someone asked him about Imam Shafi'i. The reply was: “His Hadiths and opinion is correct.” Then someone asked him about Imam Abu Hanifa. He said "Nu’man's opinion and his hadiths bear no value'."

Similar or severer comments have been attributed to Imam Shafi’i and Imam Malik. Some report that they even called him a liar. Please comment.
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Taqleed

Is it necessery to fallow one imam or one muslak? Are we rewarded just for reciting the Holy Qur’an?

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Strictly Following A Particular School Of Thought

It is crystal clear that Islam is the divine religion and all its adherents are Muslims. Despite knowing this fact, people do not want to part from their fiqhs and enter the pure Islam. What is the reason behind this attitude?

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