National And Religious Laws

I have been living in Canada for the last 38 years. In north America the way of life is very different from an Islamic environment. The state laws are governing there. I understand (I study a lot of Quran tafseer and hanafi fiqh) what the Islamic laws are and how they are to be applied in an Islamic society. But how they could be applied to our lives in north America, for instance:

1. in Canada husband and wife are joint owners of all assets, means all wealth regardless of the fact the wife works or not. I worked all my life and made 3 to 4 times more than my husband. In a way, my husband never supported me. In the view of the Islamic Shariah how the laws of inheritance should work? In the light of the state law which dictates that after one's spouse is dead, the surviving spouse gets 100% .
2. We have a son and a daughter. In case of our (both) death, how the wealth should be distributed? State law dictates 50 -50% to each. One of your reading says that in our lives we can give whatever we want, which is Hubba. Please explain in details.
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Were The Earliy Shari’ahs Deficient?

assalām-o-alaykum

Please refer to Q 42:13 which says that the same laws of religion were ordained for all the prophets. However, we keep hearing from the Islamic religious clergy that Sharī‘ah of Muḥammad is different, better and somehow more complete then the laws ordained for previous Prophets. I do not have any ready reference regarding the above claims by clergy but I recall hearing such assertions many times in the past. Could you please give your opinion on this subject?
Best Regards
S Manzoor
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Does The Islamic Law Accept Revision According To The Changing Times And Needs

assalam-oalaykum

One of my peers told me that faith does not require proof or logic. So, if we agree that a particular law is ordained by Allah and/or ordained by Muhammad (sws) is the last word, the question again arises whether all the laws enforced by the Sharī‘ah are universal and everlasting, or for the Prophet's contemporary world. I am not an expert in the Sharī‘ah nor a studious follower of the tenets of Islam, I know for certain that even during Prophet's time, the laws were slowly and progressively evolved and so many changes were made by the Rightly Guided Caliphs (rāshidūn). Do you think that our practices need revision according to the changing times and needs; and should we try to segregate permanent, universal and ephemeral, local? Is any discussion on this line is on the anvil.

Example: Our Prophet had several wives but the law restricts to four. Either the law was temporary under a given circumstances or not applicable to all.

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