Were The Earliy Shari’ahs Deficient?

assalām-o-alaykum

Please refer to Q 42:13 which says that the same laws of religion were ordained for all the prophets. However, we keep hearing from the Islamic religious clergy that Sharī‘ah of Muḥammad is different, better and somehow more complete then the laws ordained for previous Prophets. I do not have any ready reference regarding the above claims by clergy but I recall hearing such assertions many times in the past. Could you please give your opinion on this subject?
Best Regards
S Manzoor
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Does The Islamic Law Accept Revision According To The Changing Times And Needs

assalam-oalaykum

One of my peers told me that faith does not require proof or logic. So, if we agree that a particular law is ordained by Allah and/or ordained by Muhammad (sws) is the last word, the question again arises whether all the laws enforced by the Sharī‘ah are universal and everlasting, or for the Prophet's contemporary world. I am not an expert in the Sharī‘ah nor a studious follower of the tenets of Islam, I know for certain that even during Prophet's time, the laws were slowly and progressively evolved and so many changes were made by the Rightly Guided Caliphs (rāshidūn). Do you think that our practices need revision according to the changing times and needs; and should we try to segregate permanent, universal and ephemeral, local? Is any discussion on this line is on the anvil.

Example: Our Prophet had several wives but the law restricts to four. Either the law was temporary under a given circumstances or not applicable to all.

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