Islamic Calendar

Why should we call lunar calendar as Islamic calendar? Is it really Islamic or just lunar?

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The Sun And The Moon

My friend has asked me a question regarding Sūrah Yasīn verse 40. Abdullah Yusuf Ali translates it as follows:

It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night
outstrip the Day: Each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit (according to

We have two issues:

1. The moon "catches up" to the sun when there is an eclipse.

2. The sun does not have an orbit.

First, I don't believe that the issue raised in point 1 has anything to do with the verse. The verse according to my understanding is talking about the specific purposes of each celestial body within the sky and how one cannot replace the other. And as for point 2, from my understanding, the Qur’ān is not giving any scientific statements. Though the sun does actually orbit the center of the Milky Way, I do not believe this is what the Qur’ān is saying.

Can you present a more accurate translation and meaning of the verse?

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A Scientific Error In The Qur’an?

My question is regarding the following verse of the Qur’an:

It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day: Each swims along in [its own] orbit [according to law]. (36:40)
The sun does not have an orbit. This is a proven scientific fact. Please clarify.
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A Prophetic Hadith Contradicting Scientific Facts!

I came across this Hadith in Bukhari. The Prophet (sws) explains to Abu Dharr:

Do you know where the sun sets...? Indeed it travels till it prostates itself underneath the throne. (No: 4428)
This Hadith clearly seems to contradict the fact that sunset is brought about by the rotation of the earth. How should this Hadith be interpreted, and how do we counter criticisms by non-Muslims who might make use of this Hadith to assert that some of the Prophetic sayings contradict scientific facts?
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رؤیت ہلال کا لزوم

پچھلے دنوں مجھے کسی نے جاوید احمد صاحب غامدی کی یہ راے بتائی کہ اب اسلامی مہینوں کے تعین کے لیے چاند دیکھنے کی ضرورت نہیں ہے ، کیونکہ چاند کی مختلف اوقات میں مختلف حالتیں مشینوں کے ذریعے سے ہم پر عیاں ہیں۔ از راہِ کرم واضح فرما دیجیے کہ عید کم از کم ایک ملک میں اور زیادہ سے زیادہ عالم اسلام میں ایک دن میں کیسے کی جائے؟ نیز اختلاف مطالع کے باعث ہوائی سفر میں نماز اور روزہ کے اوقات کا حساب کیسے کیا جائے؟