Non-Muslim Ruling Islamic State

Today I was having a debate with a very loving uncle of mine regarding the issue whether a non Muslim could become the ruler of an Islamic state. Wedidn't end up with any conclusion so I need your help. I am of the view that anon Muslim can become a ruler provided he has all the abilities required ina genuine leader and can make the state prosperous. So what does Islam ordainus about this matter. If the answer is "YES", then it's ok for me but if not then kindly answer my following queries:

1). If he can't become a leaderthen in my view its injustice for him just because he was born in such conditions which he has no control of?

2). He lives in the state and lovesit and can sacrifice his life for his motherland like any other Muslim can sowhat's the difference?

3). In such debates, just to make an argument, weassume any such supposed leader to implement all the things which have beenprohibited by Islam on us even though our constitution doesn't allow any suchrule to be passed. So even then why is Islam not allowing it?

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غیر مسلم حکومت کے تحت کام کرنا

کیا کسی مسلمان کے لیے یہ بات جائز ہے کہ وہ کسی غیر مسلم حکومت کے تحت کام کرے ۔ اگر کسی غیر مسلم حکومت کے تحت کام کرنا جائز ہے تو پھر اس کے حدود کیا ہیں اور اس میں کیا پابندیاں اختیار کرنا ہوں گی؟