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Offering The Missed Prayer In Congregation

For some reason I missed my Zuhr prayer. When I got my first opportunity and reached the place reserved for prayers in the office premises, people were offering the ‘Asr prayer in congregation. I offered my Zuhr prayer with the congregation and later offered my ‘Asr prayer separately based on the information that no individual prayer can be offered during congregation and that during the battle of Khandaq when the Prophet (sws) missed prayers, he offered them at the first opportunity in the same order in which they fell due when missed. Mu‘adh Ibn Jabal (rta) used to lead ‘Isha prayer in congregation when he himself was offering supererogatory prayers. This shows that the Imam’s intention and that of his followers’ may be different. Was my action justified?

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Raising Hands During The Prayer

According to many reliable reports appearing in the most reliable works of Hadith like Sahih of Bukhari and Sahih of Muslim the Holy Prophet (sws) used to do Raf‘u’l-yadayn (raising hands up to one’s shoulders) when starting the prayer, going to Ruku‘, standing from it, and standing after saying Tashahhud. So I am confused as to why we are not supposed to do Raf‘u’l-yadayn on other occasion besides starting the prayer when the Holy Prophet (sws) did?

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The Status Of Salat Al-Tasbih

I wanted to know the origin and significance of the prayer called Salat al-Tasbih.

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Status Of The Tarawih Prayer

I have some questions regarding the Tarawih prayer that is offered during Ramadan. Did the Prophet Muhammad (sws) offer Tarawih prayer throughout Ramadan? Did he mention any specific reward for it? I read somewhere that the Holy Prophet (sws) did not offer the Tarawih prayer every day because he did not want people to think that it was an obligatory act. If this is true, what was the maximum number of days Muhammad (sws) prayed the Tarawih. Can I still go on praying the Tarawih for thirty days bearing in mind that it is a voluntary act for myself? Also please tell me what number of Rak‘at one should offer.

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The Friday Prayer

What is the nature of the sermon delivered in the Friday Prayer? Who is authorized to deliver it? What should the speaker say in the sermon? Is it obligatory to say it in Arabic?

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Second Congregation In Mosques

I have seen in many mosques that people come late for prayer and having missed the congregation they hold another. Is this practice endorsed by the basic religious sources?

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Is The Prayer Invalidated By A Passing Woman?

Please explain the following narrative regarding a woman passing in front of the one who is praying. Does it really nullify one’s prayer if a woman passes before them?

‘Abdullah Ibn Samit reports on the authority of Abu Dharr that the Prophet (sws) said: ‘When any one of you stands for prayer he is covered [from the passers by] if there is a thing before him equal to the back of the saddle. In case there is no such thing before him, his prayer would be nullified if a menstruating woman, a donkey or a black dog [passes in front of him]. (Muslim, No: 510)
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Praying With Hands Reclining On The Sides

I have read the following Hadith and commentary on it on a website:

It has been forbidden (by the Prophet) that one prays while reclining his hand on his sides. (Bukhari No: 1162)
According to the commentary given, there are two sides of everyone, the left and the right. Since keeping hands on one of them is a sign of arrogance, this is prohibited in Salah. The commentator has also quoted Al-Bayhaqi as reporting that the Holy Prophet (sws) said that the one who places his hands on the said places is actually the dweller of the fire.
The source mentions that the narrative appears in the Sahih of Bukhari and the Sahih of Muslim. I want to know, is this Hadith sound? Would you please explain it?
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Determining The Qiblah Direction While Travelling

How can one determine the Qiblah direction while praying in a moving ship?

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Why Is The Qur’an Whispered In Two Of The Congregational Prayers?

Why are daytime prayers offered silently and the night time prayers offered audibly?

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Raf’ Al-Yadain

How do we know that the majority of the Companions of the Prophet (sws) and their Successors (tabi’oon) did or did not perform rafa’ al yadain? Can you cite proper references?

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Offering The Prayers While Wearing Shoes

Is it necessary to take shoes off while offering the funeral Prayer? Can we offer the five daily and other optional Prayers with shoes on?

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Regarding Five Daily Prayers

When were five daily prayers enjoined upon the believers?

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Extending The Trousers Over The Ankles

Is it necessary to keep one's shalwar (lower garment) above one's ankles all the time or only when offering prayers?

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Reciting Surah Fatihah While Praying In Congregation

1. When praying behind the Imām, especially during Fajr, Magharib and Isha do we have to recite Surah al-Fatiha in the first two rakahs? If yes, then do we have to recite quietly along with the Imam or we wait for the Imam to finish reciting Surah al-Fatihah and then recite the surah when he is reciting another surah?

2. When we wake up late for the Fajr prayer, we have to wait for the sun to rise before we can pray. The question is, before we pray, what will be the intention i.e. will it be qada (making up for a missed prayer) or we pray just as a normal Fajr prayer and recite loudly.
3. As far as I know, the prophet (sws) received the revelation for twenty three years. What then is the meaning and implication of the following verse of Surah al-Baqarah?
The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an. (Q 2:185)
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Start Of The Menstrual Period

I was at a mosque for intermediate Arabic class and a feminine question came up between us. One of the sisters is from Kazakhstan, a born Muslim; however, due to the Communist rule by once the Communist Russia, she has no knowledge of the Islamic customs, not even of Salah. So we are teaching her how to pray; we were trying to explain to her about when to pray and when one should not pray due to impurities. In other words, we were discussing exactly when a woman would be considered to be in the state of menstruation. Most of the sisters stated they stopped praying if they saw a spot and this was enough to be considered as being in a state of impurity. But with women sometimes this is difficult to determine as, at times, we have spots, but nothing happens. Other times, we know for sure. Should we stop praying when we are experiencing pre-menstrual cramps as a sign of the beginning of our cycles? We all have looked for an answer to this problem but haven’t found anything definite. Could you please help us resolve this matter?

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Shortening The Prayer While Travelling

I want to clarify my doubts about the qasar Prayer during travel. My questions in this regard follow:

1) If a person travels from Lahore to Gujranwala (Around 63 k.m), will he start to pray qasr Prayer as soon as he embarks on the journey?
2) When a person travels from Bahrain to US, he gains nearly one day due to the time zone difference. In this case should he pray for the day he has gained during travel? The opposite applies to when he travels back, when he looses one day.
3) What if a person travels for Bahrain to UAE and stays there for 15 days and then travels on the 16th day to Doha for 5 days and comes back to UAE for 10 Days again before flying back to Bahrain. Will he pray qasar throughout this trip?
4) If a person leaves Lahore in the morning and travels nearly 200 KM towards Rawalpindi and then returns in the night back to Lahore. During the day will he pray qasr Prayer? I would be extremely grateful if Mr Ghamidi can shed some light on these questions.
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Failing To Attend Friday Congregations

Usually I attend the Friday Congregation in the mosque in my locality. Last Friday I went to offer Friday Prayer in another mosque in my town. The imām, during the sermon, said that a person who doesn’t attend three consecutive Friday sermons is no longer regarded as Muslim. I am greatly disturbed to hear this. Last year, during a visit to Karachi, I did not go for Friday Prayers for the fear of suicide bombers. Please let me know how I stand as a Muslim. I will greatly appreciate your reply.

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Number Of Compulsory Units (rak’at) In Each Of The Five Daily Prayers

assalaam-o-alaykum,

I recently read an article by Dr.Khalid Zaheer. He wrote about the number of compulsory raka’ats in each of the daily Prayer. The article can be reached at: http://www.khalidzaheer.com/qa/198. Now, this was quite different from what I was taught.

1. I would request you kindly to clearly mention how many raka’ats are compulsory in each of the daily Prayers and also the Jumu’ah Prayer.

2.What is Sunnat Muakkadah Prayer? I was taught it is compulsory.

3. Lastly, special reference to 3 Witr Prayer in Isha, is it compulsory? I will eagerly be looking for your reply. May Allah bless you!

Thank you.

Muneeb Khan

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نماز قائم کرنا

نماز پڑھنے اور قائم کرنے میں کیا فرق ہے اور پاکستان جیسی ریاست نماز کیسے قائم کر سکتی ہے یا یہ فرما دیں کہ نماز قائم کرنے میں ریاست کا کیا کردار ہے؟

کیا مسجد میں نمازیوں کو سلام کرنا جائز ہے۔ کیونکہ مسجد میں خاموشی ہوتی ہے اور سلام کرنے اور جواب دینے سے نمازی ڈسٹرب ہوتے ہیں؟

میں اپنی بیوی کو نماز پڑھنے کے لیے کیسے قائل کر سکتا ہوں اور اگر وہ نماز نہیں پڑھتی تو میں اس کے لیے کتنا ذمہ دار ہوں؟

پڑھیے۔۔۔