Islam And The Big Bang Theory

I am from Kashmir University and doing post graduation in physics and my core paper is astrophysics. I have read that the evolution of the universe takes place through the through Big Bang theory according to which a point mass explodes and heavenly bodies are produced. Please guide me from religious point of view.

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Judging The Religion On Science And Logic

My question is actually about my own behavior. I mostly judge all Islamic beliefs on two scales either Science or Logic. So, I want to ask you a question that whether this behavior is correct or not? Because when I think on Islam logically or scientifically I stuck at most of things which can’t be proven on these two criteria?

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Knowledge Of The Unseen

Q 31:34 reads:

Verily the knowledge of the Hour is with Allah (alone). It is He Who sends down rain, and He Who knows what is in the wombs. Nor does any one know what it is that he will earn on the morrow: Nor does any one know in what land he is to die. Verily with Allah is full knowledge and He is acquainted (with all things).

Now we know some of these things. Does this prove the Qur’an wrong?

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The Holy Qur’an And Science

Many exegetes interpret the Qur'ānic verses scientifically. You claim that the Holy Qur'an is not a book of science. This is a book of religious guidance and we should study specifically with this point of view. What I want to know is that why should not we explain the verses scientifically that discuss scientific matters.

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Qur’an And Science

What is the confluence of Qur’an and science? For example again and again the Qur’an claims the heart to be the seat of decisions, whilst science has held the brain is responsible. Likewise, the Qur’an and Hadith refer to the seven heavens, whilst scientific proof contradicts it? Please elaborate.

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Scientific Interpretation Of The Holy Qur’an

Is this right to do scientific interpretation (Tafseer-i ilmi) of the Holy Qur’an and derive scientific laws from its verses?

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A Scientific Error In The Qur’an?

My question is regarding the following verse of the Qur’an:

It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day: Each swims along in [its own] orbit [according to law]. (36:40)
The sun does not have an orbit. This is a proven scientific fact. Please clarify.
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A Prophetic Hadith Contradicting Scientific Facts!

I came across this Hadith in Bukhari. The Prophet (sws) explains to Abu Dharr:

Do you know where the sun sets...? Indeed it travels till it prostates itself underneath the throne. (No: 4428)
This Hadith clearly seems to contradict the fact that sunset is brought about by the rotation of the earth. How should this Hadith be interpreted, and how do we counter criticisms by non-Muslims who might make use of this Hadith to assert that some of the Prophetic sayings contradict scientific facts?
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