Regarding Stoning Verses

My questions are regarding stoning verses and two hadiths stated below:

Reported 'Aisha (RA): The verse of stoning and of suckling an adult ten times was revealed, and they were (written) on a paper and kept under my pillow. When the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) expired and we were occupied by his death, a goat entered and ate away the paper. (Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith 1944)

'Abdullah b. 'Abbas reported that 'Umar b. Khattab sat on the pulpit of Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) and said: Verily Allah sent Muhammad (may peace be upon him) with truth and He sent down the Book upon him, and the verse of stoning was included in what was sent down to him. We recited it, retained it in our memory and understood it. Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) awarded the punishment of stoning to death (to the married adulterer and adulteress) and, after him, we also awarded the punishment of stoning, I am afraid that with the lapse of time, the people (may forget it) and may say: We do not find the punishment of stoning in the Book of Allah, and thus go astray by abandoning this duty prescribed by Allah. Stoning is a duty laid down in Allah's Book for married men and women who commit adultery when proof is established, or it there is pregnancy, or a confession. (Saheeh Muslim Book 017, Number 4194:

My Questions are : 1.What is the significance of the story that the verse of stoning was eaten by goat If Omar ( rta) has seen, recited and memorised the verse why he then not included the verse in the Quran, because he was also in charge of compilation of Quran that started with Abu Bakr (rta) and ended with Osman (rta) - while the verse was eaten by goat after the death of Prophet Muhammad ( pbuh).

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Hazrat Ali’s Address At The Death Of Hazrat Umar

Is there are an address (khutbah) ascribed to Ali (rta ) about Umar’s (rta) death?

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Splitting The Moon And Questioning The Angels

1. Is it true that Prophet (sws) has divided moon with his finger.

(i). If it is true then why we have not got yet any proof from authentic scientific source because many of sign of Qur’an have been proved by science that it is true such like Bigbang theory. Movement of moon and act.
2. Is it part of true ḥadīth that prophet (sws) said to Hazrat ‘Umar: When angel comes into your grave and asks question to you about your creator then you will explain that Allah is your Lord and cross-question him and ask “who is your Lord?” Is it possible that an angel who is assigned work by Allah is cross-questioned?
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Ḥadīth Qirṭās

Ṣaḥīḥ of Bukhārī includes a narrative explicating that at the time of death, the Holy Prophet (sws) asked for a pen and paper to write something for his ummah but his Companions (rta) said: "You are not well. Besides, we have the Holy Qur'ān with us. Therefore, you are not needed to write anything."

Is it possible that the Holy Prophet (sws) asked something to his Companions and they disobeyed him?

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Treaement Of The Non-Muslims In The Islamic Rule

In your answers you said: "if the leaders or rulers would have treated their land with fairness, then their rule would have lasted for long time". Are you talking about the four rightly guided Caliphs? What we have seen in history is that these four rightly guided Caliphes had set such a wonderful example that even the Westerns are forced to admit their administrative qualities and achievments. You know about Hazrat Umar (ra)'s administrative qualities and achievements. Yes nobody is perfect. Can you please provide me with some references from the history to show how Hazrat Umar (ra) actually treated non-Muslims under his rule or leadership?

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Alleged Innovations By Hazrat Umar (ra)

I have heard that after the death of Holy Prophet (sws) especially during the rule of Hazrat Umar (ra), several changes were made in the ordinance of the State and religion.

Hazrat Umar (ra) introduced some new laws in the Islamic Shariah and these laws have become part of Islamic culture and tradition and are still followed by people of this time. How far is this true?
Also I want to know that was it Hazrat Umar (ra) who introduced the utterance of divorce three times and the phrase "prayer is better than sleep" in the adhan of Fajr (morning)?
Please throw some light on this information and let me know that were these innovations made by Hazrat Umar(ra) in the light of Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet (sws)?
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Did Hadrat ‘Umar Punish His Son To Death?

I have just received an email mentioning an event of the Caliphate of Hazrat ‘Umar (rta). It says that Hazrat Umar (rta) punished his son for adultery with the punishment of 100 flogs and during this punishment his son died. This whole incident is reported as a high sample of justice from the Caliph, Hazrat ‘Umar (rta) that he didn’t even space his own son. I am little bit confused as never heard of any such incident. Can you please confirm the authenticity of this incident?

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Boycott Of Banu Hashim

One of my friend forwarded some questions to me. Since I couldn’t find any satisfactory answers to his questions I decided to forward his questions to you.

One of his questions is as follows:
History testifies that when Hadrat Muhammad (sws) declared his Prophethood, the Quraysh subjected the Banu Hashim to a boycott. Hadrat Abu Talib took the tribe to an area called Shib Abi Talib where they remained for three years, suffering from immense hardship.
Where were Hadrat Abu Bakr and Hadrat Umar (rta) during that period? They were in Makkah so why did they not help the Holy Prophet (sws)? If they were unable to join the Prophet (sws) at the Shib Abi Talib is there any evidence that they provided any type of support (food etc), breaching the agreement that the Quraysh boycott all food / business transactions with Bani Hashim?
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