Fate Of The Unlettered People

In the light of Islam, what will be the fate and judgment of wild African tribal people, who are living permanently in uncivilized state of life? Below civilized standard of life (in terms of dress, food, education etc.) without any religion and Sharī'ah (No prophet, no holy book of guidance) in remote areas of the world, they are cut-off from the civilized world. A question arises for scholars of history and religion how they are detached from the main linage of human civilizations, cultures, and religions.

Answer:

We believe that the Almighty has given every human sound fitrah (human orientation) and reason to work on the signs of God's providence in the universe and in himself. Nobody will be left unquestioned about the Almighty Allah and the afterlife. As for the details and laws revealed through the Prophets and Messengers [pbuh] they only apply to those who are exposed to them. If somebody is not exposed to the teachings of the Prophets…

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Reward For Works Of Future Good

I have studied your writings about transfer of reward to the deceased but could not understand that nobody will carry the burden of another one. Everyone will get the reward of his efforts. What about the events which are mentioned in your answers? If someone plants a tree or digs a well or builds a block of some religious institution, all beneficial to the public, will he be rewarded?

Answer:

Allah Almighty is merciful and He is also just. He does not hold us accountable for the deeds of the others. He does not however refuse the credit one earns by his efforts. Take for example a person who builds a school for the well being of the people of his locality. If the people take benefit from it and this continues untill after the death of the man does not he merit reward for…

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Life In Hell And Paradise

I am reading the English translation of the Quran by Abdullah Yusuf Ali. My copy also contains his notes on the passages. He writes under Q 10:45 that we will recognize each other on Judgment Day so we know that justice is served and that Allah served righteousness to those according to their deeds on earth.

When Judgment is passed and we (InshaAllah) are granted eternity in Jannah, will our memories of those doomed for the fire remain with us? Seems a hard thing to consume knowing that some on earth that were not evil but just not believers and we were friends with are in eternal agony. Could you explain in your best opinion of this?

Answer:

A reading of the Qur'an shows that we will know each other. The people of Hell will be known to the people of Paradise. In this worldly life those who know each other and differ over the religious truths and as a result fall in different abodes will recognize each other. However, there is no clear mention of the fact that after being transferred to the respective abodes people will carry the memories. I believe…

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72 Hoors To A Single Believer

What is the concept of 72 hoors (women in heaven/jannah) in Islam? What is your understanding about having sexual relations with those 72 women?

Answer:

The issue of 72 maidens for men is based on a narrative which is weak. Hence we cannot draw any conclusions from it. According to the Qur'an pious men will be for pious women and pious women will be for pious men. The number is neither mentioned nor specified in any way by the Qur'an.



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Purpose Of Human Life

I am a student of physics at the University of Vienna. As you know that in the West there is a misunderstanding about the Islamic teachings and practices, which puts a common Muslim in conflict with his religion. Therefore my question to you is: why we are meant to go to Paradise or Hell after the death. Is the existence of Paradise and Hell only a projection and excuse of the human mind to make this world seem less important? For instance we are promised to get 70 Virgins and alcohol in Paradise and in this world we have to stay away from prohibited sexual relations and alcohol. Is it not a kind of double standard? Why does someone for example an atheist, a man who does not believe in God or at least in a personal god must go to Hell? Does my life only means only to go to Hell or Paradise after death? What do you think of Karl Marx who said “Religion is only an opium of the people". I would be very pleased and thankful to you for your guidance.

Answer:

Please look up http://www.monthly-renaissance.com/issue/query.aspx?id=567 for the first part of your question.

As far as the issue of 72 virgins/hoors is concerned, there is no reliable narrative which says so. It is mentioned in certain weak narratives. Alcohol has been prohibited in Islam because it causes intoxication. Thus non-alcoholic wine is allowed. The Quran has specified that wine given in Paradise will not cause intoxication. It will be pure and unadulterated.
Being rewarded for one's deeds…

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Identity Of The People On The Day Of Judgment

It is commonly believed that on the Day of Judgment God Almighty will call the people by his/her mothers’ name. Is it authentic?

Answer:

There are different sayings ascribed to the Prophet (sws) in this regard. According to some children would be called in the names of their fathers and while others say that they will be called in the names of their mothers. Bukhari and other compilers of the sayings of the Holy Prophet (sws) have quoted traditions part of which clearly tell that on the Day of Judgment people will be called “such person son of such…

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Life Of The Martyrs

God Almighty says in the Holy Qur’an: Every soul shall taste death. (Q 3:185) But He says at another place in Qur’an in: Do not say about those who are slain in the cause of Allah, that they are dead. Nay, they are alive, but you do not perceive it. (Q 2:154) Don’t both the verses contradict each other?

Answer:

The verse does not negate the idea that the martyers are dead in the general meaning of the word. It highlights another important thing. It guides us to the fact that life does not end here in this world. It will continue in the afterlife. The Qur'an, in contrast to the life of the martyers, also depics the situation of the rejecters of the truth and the message of God. They are told to be…

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Portents Of The Last Day

I heard in one lecture about "signs" of the Last Day (qiyamat) that "authentic signs are only two and both of them have already been fulfilled. Third one is about Gog and Magog, yet to be fulfilled. Others all signs we usually hear, are not authentic. My question is that I also heard that at the time of qiyamat "no Muslim would be alive and Qur’an would be no more preserved in this world" Is that true? I mean is it possible that qiyamat could come even when good people and Muslims people would be living in the world? Because by that saying, many people say that "qiyamat will not come at the moment because there are still many Muslims (good one) living here and Qur’an is still among us.

Answer:

Thank you for writing to us. For a comprehensive articulation of our understanding of the portents of the Last Day please refer to: http://al-mawrid.org/pages/articles_english_detail.php?rid=455&cid=263&search=signs

As to the fact that there would be no more Muslims before the Last Day it does not accord with some other fundamental Muslim beliefs. We know that God has repeatedly said that no one knows when the Last hour will strike and it will take us unawares. This has been…

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Meaning Of The Term Shahid

What does the term shahid in Islamic literature truly represent? Are all those die in the holy wars and the innocent people killed in some accidents or are murdered Shahid? I am really confused. Please enlighten me on this issue and also explain what happens to a shahid after his or her death.

Answer:

The word Shahid connotes ones who bears witness to a certain fact. It implies martyrs as they live their lives bearing witness of the truth and spare nothing to remain steadfast in the way of their Lord even their lives. The basic thing that qualifies one to the position is this conviction. This conviction varies in different individuals raising them to different stages. Therefore, we cannot draw a line to distinguish between their degrees.



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Repentance

I have lived a life full of sins. Despite having a family I have had many instances of cheating on my wife and committing adultery. I have begged forgiveness from Allah but went back and committed sins. I am going for hajj this year but am very scared, please help me.

Answer:

According to the teachings of Islam one can always repent and seek God's forgiveness. True repentance means not going back to the filth of sinfulness. You should commit not to return to the sinful activities and worship God as much as possible. One may not lose hope in God's mercy and there is always a chance to correct oneself.

May God accept your true resolve to follow the path of His liking and accept…

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Transfer Of Reward To The Deceased And The Status Of The Hadith

I have a question regarding the punishment in the grave. According to Mr Ghamidi, the punishment in the grave is only for the people who were the direct addressees of prophet, or the people with a definite result in the hereafter. But as I was reading one of the articles uploaded recently regarding "eesal-e-Sawab", there was a Hadith when prophet (sws) asked a companion to put a branch of a tree on a grave in which some body was being punished for a very small sin of not caring about his urine. Now the writer, a fellow of Al-Mawrid, has accepted that hadith, if that is so, doesn’t it contradict the above argument? Secondly, I am a bit confused about Ghamidi’s explanation of Hadith, at one point he is off the view that it does not add anything in religion, but in the same paragraph in his book he says that if one is satisfied about the authenticity of a hadith, it is compulsory for him to follow it. Now if somebody agrees with the authenticity of the hadith and follows it then wouldn’t it add some thing in religion?

Answer:

Kindly revisit the article about eesaal-e sawab. I believe the author has interpreted the narrative about the boughs differently. His interpretation does not negate the view of Mr Ghamidi regarding punishment in the grave.

As for the role of Hadith Mr Ghamidi believes that the basic content of the religion is found in the Qur'an and the Sunnah. The hadith does not add to the independent concrete contents of the religion. They however, do…

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Will Some People Be Released From Hell

I have heard a lot of people saying that if someone dies as a Muslim and he used to believe in Allah from the core of his heart and also believe in Hazrat Muhammad (sws) but has done a lot of bad deeds (more than his good deeds) then he will be given the punishment for his bad deeds for some time and then he will be sent to heaven for ever after. However, I used to strongly disagree and say that if someone goes to Hell, then he stays there forever and if he goes to heaven then he stays there forever. And what you are saying is exactly what the Christians used to say. But I would like to know the opinion of Mr. Ghamdi on this and if I'm wrong please explain this to me and if I'm right please tell me how to explain this to others. Thank You.

Answer:

Given below is a translation of an excerpt from Ghamidi’s book Mizan from the chapter "Imaniyat". Hopefully it will answer your question:

At various places, in the Qur’an, it has been mentioned that people who deliberately associate partners with God and profess disbelief in Him shall be punished eternally. Similar will be the punishment of a Muslim who kills another Muslim deliberately. People who disobey the laws of inheritance are also promised this doom. This fate…

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Regarding An Event On The Day Of Judgment

I have heard that on the Day of Judgment the Almighty would call their children by their mothers’ names. Is this correct? I have also heard that people will be called after the names of their names on the Day of Judgement. Please explain.

Answer:

There are different sayings ascribed to the Prophet (sws) in this regard. According to some, children would be called by the names of their fathers and while others say that they will be called by the names of their mothers. Bukhari and other compilers of the sayings of the Holy Prophet (sws) have quoted narratives part of which clearly say that on the Day of Judgment people will be called ‘such person son of such…

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Fate Of The Prophet’s Parents

A scholar has claimed that the holy Prophet’s parents are in Hell, because they were not Muslims. I need a clarification on the matter. He claimed that the Prophet Mohammad (sws) had once told a Muslim who had non-Muslim parents that his parents were in Hell. He got upset and the prophet clarified that his parents were with the Prophet’s parents, in Hell.

Now, I think that all those who were not introduced to the Holy Prophet should not be in Hell, because they existed before the revelation of Qur’an or the advent of the Prophet (sws). I am sure that the Prophet’s parents followed Abraham’s religion which was also the predecessor of Islam in Arabia. Please, elaborate and comment with reference to the Qur’an and Sunnah.

Answer:

Your opinion in this regard is justified. Every person is held accountable only for the guidance provided to him. A person living in an era before the Prophet (sws) should certainly be judged according to the guidance provided to him that is innate guidance and what was left of Abraham’s religion. Even if after the departure of the Prophet (sws), the message of Islam did not reach a person at all or reached him in…

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Am I Being Punished?

I am twenty-eight years old and have a new baby boy who is four months old now. Six weeks after the baby was born he needed to have surgery and I almost lost him. Ever since I am so scared I am going to lose him again. I am a practicing Muslim I pray, fast and do my duties as a Muslim. I am not perfect but I am trying. My question is how I stop this constant fear of losing my baby. I have faith in Allah but ever since the surgery I have become very scared and in a constant state of panic and stress. I fear everything. And sometimes I fear that Allah is punishing me for mistakes I have made prior to being married. I was born and raised in the states and unfortunately I have made many mistakes in my early twenties. After making my mistakes I went back on the path of Islam. I married a Muslim man, I went and performed an Umra and I recently had a baby all of which has happened within a year. Allah opened my path and made it very easy for me to return to Islam Alhamdulillah. I just want to know what I can do to stop being so scared all the time that I am being punished. I ask forgiveness with every prayer and yet I do not seem to stop being scared of my punishments in this life and the afterlife. Is there anything I can do to ease my mind?

Answer:

This feeling of fear must be understandably very disturbing for you. However, it is a sure sign of faith -- something that you can feel proud of. Fearing the displeasure of God is a great asset for any believer. However, you must not be over-awed by this feeling. The best way to combat this imbalance is to spend in charity as much as you can and to pray to God especially if you can in…

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Violation Of Prevalent Custom Of Naming

Answer:

We believe there is nothing wrong with naming one's child this way. It is a social practice to name children and one can adopt any style.

As for the view that on the Day of Judgment people will be called by the names of their mothers please refer to my earlier response on the topic: Identity of People on the Last Day



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Does The Prophet (sws) Respond To Us?

Is it correct that the Prophet (sws) answers those who send blessings on him in the grave. I have been told that the Prophet (sws) himself has said that whenever someone invokes Allah’s blessings for him, Allah returns the soul to his body until he replies to his salutation. Is the Hadith authentic?

Answer:

The text of the Hadith follows:

Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Prophet (sws) said: Whenever someone sends blessings upon me the Almighty return me my soul so that I respond to it. (Abu Daud, No: 2041)
First of all, it should be remembered that it is a gharib report. The author of Mu‘jam Al-Awsat has also recorded this tradition and observed:
None has narrated this Hadith from Yazid except for Abu Sakhar…

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Are Those Dying Of Epidemic Shaheed?

My wife died due to CA Ovary. I have read in the Sahih of Bukhari that if a patient dies due to abdomen problem he is "Shaheed". Can you please put some light on this?

Answer:

The traditions which tell us that people who die of some particular diseases or accidents are shaheed are not taken in literal sense. Taking them in literal sense does not correspond to the express teachings of the Qur'an. Therefore, we need to interpret them or keep them under consideration. We believe that shaheed as a term of Islamic religious literature is one who spends his life in the struggle of uplifting the word of God…

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Punishment In The Graves

What is the Islamic stance on punishment in graves? Does not this belief negate the idea of God being just?

Answer:

The information regarding punishment in graves mainly appears in some AHadith ascribed to the Holy Prophet (sws). It needs to be appreciated that these traditions do not add to the beliefs. These only help explain the religious sources: the Holy Qur’an and the Sunnah. We need to study these AHadith in the light of the Holy Qur’an, which is the real yardstick in religious matters. I would like you to appreciate that in this context…

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Salvation For The Non-Muslims

Can non-Muslims especially the People of the Book enter Paradise? It is believed that it exclusive right of the Muslims to enter God’s Paradise.

Answer:

We believe that God Almighty has sent human beings in this world to test who among them is good in deed. (al-Mulk 67:1) God has made sure that some of the fundamental religious realities are clear to man. For example he implanted in the human nature the awareness of good and evil. He created in them the awareness that there is a God who created this universe. He is just and merciful. The belief in…

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