I have come across this following Hadith with some variations:
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا هَمَّامٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ ـ رضى الله عنه :
The climate of Medina did not suit some people, so the Prophet (ﷺ) ordered them to follow his shepherd, i.e. his camels, and drink their milk and urine (as a medicine). So they followed the shepherd that is the camels and drank their milk and urine till their bodies became healthy. Then they killed the shepherd and drove away the camels. When the news reached the Prophet (ﷺ) he sent some people in their pursuit. When they were brought, he cut their hands and feet and their eyes were branded with heated pieces of iron. (Sahih al-Bukhari 5686) [ Variations : Sahih al-Bukhari 6802 ; Jami` at-Tirmidhi 72 ; Sahih al-Bukhari 1501 ; Sunan ibn Majah Hadith 3632 ; Sunan an-Nasa'i 4024 ]
The hadith seems to contradict notions of purity of consumption of food and water in the Quran and common sense. Moreover, the prophet mutilated them for crime that seems very conspicuous. What could be the right interpretation of this hadith? Is this hadith sound in terms of content and narrators?
According to this narrative, the Holy Prophet (sws) advised these people to drink the milk and urine of camels. They were asked to drink the urine as medicine for their ailment, not as a normal food item. In those times, people normally treated the ailments by the things that were easily available in their environment. As a principle in our faith, even a food item that is normally considered haram can be consumed as…