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Women Visiting The Graves

Please give me reference of the hadith which says that in the days of the Prophet (sws), women were initially stopped from visiting the graves because they used to vociferously wail. Once the women had learned to restrain themselves at such places, they were allowed to visit the graveyards.

Answer:

The following discussion from Fiqhus Sunnah of Syed Sabiq covers the entire material you need:

Imam Malik and some Hanafi scholars, and, according to one report from Ahmad, most of the scholars hold it permissible for women to visit graves. This is based on the following hadith from 'Aishah, "What should I say to them, O Messenger of Allah when visiting graves?" As mentioned above Abdullah Ibn Abi Mulaykah is also reported to have said, "Once…

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Why Believe In One God

Why believe in a God? It is an old question and has been debated for thousands of years with no particularly satisfactory answers. However it does bug me. Please let me know your arguments.

Answer:

While dealing with this matter, the basic thing that needs to be appreciated is the fact that existence of God as the creator of this universe is an established fact recognized by most human beings over the centuries. The number of those challenging the idea hardly qualifies to be considered a party. This hard fact, which is a common asset of all humanity, should not be subjected to trial. The idea of negating the existence…

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Transfer Of Reward To A Dead Person

I understand that reward cannot be transferred to the deceased because this is against the Qur’ān. However, those who believe in it say that the Prophet (sws) has the authority to change the Qur’ānic rules e.g. in the Qur’ān prayers are due at specific times but the Prophet (sws) changed the same rule for some prayers of Hajj. So reward can be transferred to a deceased since its justification is available in Hadīth as per the powers of the Prophet (sws). Please explain in detail.

Answer:

The basic source left among us by the Holy Prophet (sws) is the Holy Qur’ān. It is the origin of religious authority and is the Mīzān (Balance) (42:17) and the Furqān (Criterion) (25:1) which decides the validity of any religious matter. The Prophet (sws) had no authority to render any Qur’ānic directive ineffective.

Moreover, Scholars of the science of Hadīth have set the principles of accepting a Hadīth. A Hadīth can in no way be accepted…

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Forgiveness Of Minor Sins

Is it true that the washing of a dead body is equal to the forgiveness of forty-two sins? Where did this concept originate? Does the figure forty-two signify plurality of sins? Since Allah is the ultimate decider and forgiver of sins and all actions are preceded by intentions, which may not be pure, how do we know for sure that a certain act will actually lead to forgiveness?

Answer:

I am sorry I could not find any such narrative and therefore the reliability of its transmission cannot be analyzed. Please provide me with a full reference. Forgiveness of minor sins granted on any kind of good deed is a manifestation of the abounding mercy of the Almighty. Human beings are prone to make mistakes. The Almighty is always watching over His servants. He knows that a true believer, who strives to lead his life…

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Promise Of Paradise On Declaration Of Faith

I want to know the authenticity and meaning of a Hidith. Prophet Muhammad (sws) said:

The one who said once (There is no god but Allah) will enter Jannah.

Some say Muhammad (sws) said these words to Hazrat Bilal (rta) and told him not to publicize it but Bilal (rta) couldn’t stop himself from telling such a big news to people and was stopped by Hazrat Umar (rta). Hazrat Umar (rta) pushed Bilal (rta) Harshly. Both went to the Prophet Muhammad’s (sws) court who said that both were right. I mean telling people and stopping him. I hope you got my question.

Answer:

The gist of the story is as you wrote, however the companion who hears this from the prophet (pbuh), as reported in the book of Muslim (no. 52), is Abu Huraira not Bilal (ra-huma).

First, we need to know what the Qur'an says about merely saying 'There is no god but Allah':

"Do people think that they will be left alone on saying: We believe, and not be tried? And certainly We tried those before…

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Polygamy In The Paradise

I am happily married and am living with my wife. We love each other. We strive to fulfill all our religious obligations and pray to God to grant us His mercy and success in the afterlife. One thing that disturbs us is that I do not feel it easy to have more wives in the afterlife. I would rather live with my present wife if God Almighty so willed. I wanted to ask will I have to keep more wives or my desire to live my present wife only will be granted.

Answer:

The most important and prominent principle stated in the Quran regarding the life in Jannah is that one shall have what he/she desires. Not a single verse in the Qur’an can be validly interpreted to mean that more wives will be imposed on a man. If both the partners are granted jannah by the blessing of Allah both will have their desires. If both desired to remain in company alone their desire will definitely be…

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Darood-e-Taj

I was in Medina where some people told me that Darood e Taj should not be recited since it has some concepts of "Shirk" in it. However, there are other people who tell me to recite it whenever in difficulty or when we want Allah to fulfill our desires. I am very confused as to whom should I listen to. Could you please clarify whether one should recite Darood e Taj?

Answer:

There are two things for which would like you not to recite this.

A) It has not been taught by the Holy Prophet (sws.) why should we turn to other things while the Book of God is still with us. The Almighty has taught us to directly turn to him and has revealed the most beautiful words on his Messenger, which we can use to invoke His mercy.

B) I have just gone through it and…

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Superiority Of The Prophet (sws)

I have a question regarding the status and position of the Prophets. Who do you believe is the greater Messenger, Jesus or Mohammed?

Answer:

The Qur’anic verses, which shape the Muslim stance in this regard, take two aspects of issue. Though parallel yet both of these aspects are correlated and are mentioned to serve the same purpose. First, it makes it clear to the believers that the correct approach in regards to the status of different divine missionaries is that they all are appointed divine messengers and prophets and promulgate the same religion. The purpose of their mission is…

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Blessing The Prophet (sws)

There is a Quranic verse which states that Allah and His Angels send their blessings (i.e recite darood) to bless the Holy Prophet. I am very much confused about the interpretation of this verse. Why does Allah send blessing to the Holy Prophet? Is it in line with the other verses of the Holy Quran which portray Allah as Al-mighty and Omniscient?

Secondly, what is the meaning of "Aal-e-Muhammad" in the Darood that we recite so often? Many of my Shia and Sunni "Syed" friends claim that it refers to the descendants and family of the Holy Prophet, and not to the Ummah of the Holy Prophet in general.

Answer:

What follows the verse you refer to and a simple transition:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا

Allah and His angels shower blessings on the Prophet. Believers! Send blessings on him as much as you can. (33:56)

We seek Allah’s blessings for the Prophet (nusallī). We ask for God’s mercy on him. On the contrary God blesses the Prophet (yusallī). He blesses the Prophet and showers…

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Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani In The Qur’an

For your consideration, I will present to you some verses of Quran which Ahmadis believe refer to Ghulam Ahmad. But as I said before, the Jews deny the verses in Taurah which refer to Muhammad (sa), and the Muslims deny the verses in Quran which refer to Ghulam Ahmad.

I am not going to give you the Ahmadi translation of these verses, I am going to give you a word for word translation of these verses:


He it is Who raised among the unlettered ones a Messenger from among themselves, he recites upon them His Signs, and purifies them, and teaches them the Book and Wisdom, and before that they were in clear error; And others from them who have not yet joined them. And He is the Mighty, the Wise. [Quran 62:2-3]

In the above verses, Quran 62:2 says that Allah raised His messenger and this messenger purified the Unlettered (Arabs), and taught them the Book and Wisdom, while they were in clear error before.

But then Quran 62:3 says that this process will be repeated with others who have not yet joined the Arabs. Everybody knows that during the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad (sa), the message of Islam only extended meaningfully or sweepingly to the lands of Arabia, and even in Arabia there was not absolute dominance of Islam. Therefore, it seems that the process where Allah's messenger would purify these non-Arabs and teach them the Book and Wisdom would happen sometime after Muhammad's (sws) death. But who would do this task? Quran, as I said before, does not explicitly name or identify anybody, and this verse is somewhat mysterious.

Because this verse is not explicitly explained by Allah Himself in Quran, I think it's fair to present an explanation reported from Muhammad (sws) in Sahih Bukhari. Abu Hurairah (ra) asked him about who Quran 62:3 referred to, and Muhammad (sws) answered that if faith leaves the Earth, then a Persian man or Persian people would bring faith back to Earth.

Therefore, although 62:3 talks of Allah's messenger teaching the book to another people, clearly Prophet Muhammad (sws) regarded this verse as a prophecy about the distant future, when faith would leave the Earth, and he said that this prophecy would be fulfilled by a Persian or Persians.

Ghulam Ahmad (as) was of persian descent.

Answer:

The question of such farfetched interpretation comes later. It is only pertinent when we have clear proofs from the Muslims’ belief regarding the Messengers of God and His prophets endorsing the prophet hood of Mirza sahib.Prophet sws not only made it clear that would not be any other prophet in his life and this forms the part of the faith. Had there been any other prophet destined to come, the Prophet would not have failed…

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Was Mary A Prophetess?

We are told that angels are sent in the shape of human being. It is also stated that these means are only ways of communication between Almighty Allah and His Prophets. We also learn that Mary was also communicated some messages from God in these ways. Does that mean that she is also a Prophet of God?

Answer:

We believe that these two means are employed only to communicate to the Prophets of God matters other than the Divine scriptures (which are not revealed through these means.) However it is evident from the Qur’ān that God has been communicated to His creations other than the Prophets. Other example besides Marry is Namal (ant). The statement in the reading should be understood in the light of the above and explanation.



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Many Wives In Paradise

I have a question regarding the surah "Smoke". Something disturbed me and I thought I really ought to seek clarification:

Within the last few lines of the surah a reference is made to how those who attain Paradise will be paired off with a "beautiful woman". My husband explains every man is married off to this beautiful woman upon entering Paradise as an "additional reward" - and this woman is in addition to his collecting his "earthly" wife as well, should she also attain Paradise.

This seems a little odd to me. I know we should not question God's Word, and I know feelings such as jealousy and insecurity shouldn't exist in Heaven. However, why is it that a woman would work and focus so hard on attaining Paradise in the afterlife and in addition to the toil and effort of this life, be granted Paradise by God's mercy only then to see her husband paired off with additional women as though he could have fared without his initial wife entirely, forever? I had always thought if both spouses made it to Heaven, then they we there together, just the two, with their family forever. Regardless, I know the Hellfire is no option, no matter what.

Is it blasphemous of me to even question this? I guess I couldn't bear the idea of my husband being with another woman even in Paradise.

Answer:

Events to be taking place in the Hereafter should be interpreted in the light of the basic principle that those in heaven will be provided everything they desire. No man will be forced to keep beautiful partners. It also entails that once entering the Paradise you will also be granted what you wish. Therefore your only concern should be to merit the blessings of the Almighty that day.



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Is God Just And Merciful?

Please respond to the following questions from a Hindu friend.

Put simply, the basic premises of the Abrahamic beliefs (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) are as follows:
  • God is just, kind, perfect
  • This life is our first and last life
  • God is testing us here
  • Based on the marks we obtain in this test, we will go to either Heaven or Hell.

The differences between various sects of Judaism, Christianity and Islam lie only in

  •  the testing criteria and the description of Heaven and Hell
  •  the level of fanaticism required for passing this Test.
But the basic construct is same – One Life which is Test, God is best examiner, and Result is Pass (Heaven) or Fail (Hell).
Let us evaluate this basic construct critically through a series of examples, and decide whether it is logically plausible.
1.
Many children die in the wombs. Now as per Islam or Christianity would they go to Heaven or Hell? Most scholars of Islam and Christianity say they go to Heaven because they never did anything wrong in their lives.
Now my question is “Did they even have an option to do anything wrong?”
Is God not being partial by clearing one candidate even without starting his examination, and another one has to keep giving test after test continuously for 100 years!
2.
Many children die young before they reach maturity. Even the wrong acts they do are not out of willful desire to do something wrong but out of innocence. Would they reach Heaven or Hell?
If they reach Heaven, then why does God not kill everyone in their childhood and ensure a seat in Heaven for them? Is God not being unjust and imperfect?
If they reach Hell, what was their fault?
Say twins were born. Both lived same innocent life for first 3 years. Then one died. He will go straight to Heaven. The other remained innocent for next few years, then got into bad company, became an Apostate/Kafir and died at age of 60. Now he should go to Hell, as per the Books.
Is this not God’s crime that he made him live for 60 years and not his brother? Had he killed both at same age of 3 years, both would have gone to Heaven!
So if there is one life and permanent Heaven/Hell, it proves God is unjust.
3.
A person is born insane. His mental faculties have not developed beyond say, age of five. But he lives a long life. Will he go to Hell or Heaven?
Again the same questions as above rise. And result in either God being unjust or concept of one life as test to enter Heaven/Hell being wrong.

Answer:

First, it is interesting to know that this is not a new argument about God's justice. The argument that is raised in this question is a well known argument among Muslim scholars and it is in fact raised by Muslim scholars themselves as a tool for theological discussions. The argument is originally attributed to Imam Abu al-Hasan al-Ahsh'ari (3rd century A.H), one of the Muslim Scholars of the past and a leader of the current…

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Apprehension Of Angel Of Death

I am thirteen and lately I have been having this weird feeling that the Angel of Death is coming. I have had a dream. Its interpertation was that the Angel of Death is going to come to take my life away. I feel that death is somewhere close to me. I have cried over this before, and I have stayed up till 2 o’clock (in the morning) worshipping the Al-Mighty Allah. Can you please tell me if this is true, or what this is?

Answer:

I believe that when dreams are such unpleasant, repeating and become disturbing we should see a psychologist who can correctly understand the problem and suggest remedy. There seems to be no religious significance of the dreams you are having. If there is we should leave it and not worry. If we cannot escape the problem the best people to consult are the psychologists.



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Critique Of Monotheistic Religions In The Qur’an

Does Islam provide any critique or appraisal of Monotheistic religions - or in other words - of itself? Is it self-conscious, self-critical and self-correcting by its very nature? I want to know if Islam has the ability to evolve from within - as the world moves forward and realities change.

Answer:

The Quran has asked believers to be true seekers of the truth and this is the most self-correcting mechanism which one can perhaps come across. They have to accede to truth wherever and from whomsoever they find it.



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Freewill And Angels

Do Angels have Free will? If they do then do they sin? Are they in the same test as we and jins are? If they have freewill and they do not sin because they are in presence (hazoori) of God all the time, then Iblis has the same "hazoori", he sinned, as he was jin and had free will.

Answer:

It is evident from the Qur'an that angels do have their own free will and you are right they do not sin because they remain in God's presence most of the time. As for Iblees and other jinn they are not in the presence of God. It was only at the time of creation that he the other jinn had been called to be there for a purpose.



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Satan’s Challenges To God

The Quran mentions that after Satan was commanded to leave the Heavens due to his disobedience, he said to Allah that just as He had misled Satan, he too shall lead humans astray (Surah 15:32-44).

1. What made Satan say this? Since the whole episode doesn't show Satan being misled anywhere. You could say Satan made this up, but that doesn't sound quite right, since Satan was well aware of what had happened. Allah created Satan and Satan knew this very well. Still Satan decided to go against his creator.

2. Satan knew very well he couldn't win from Allah, still he asked for respite till the Day of Judgment. Why doesn't Satan simply repent? He'll be on the losing side on the Day of Judgment. You might say it is Satan's kibr (pride) that prevents him from repenting. But no matter how proud or powerful he might be, he is still merely a creation and Allah is the creator. So what is the point, why fight a lost cause?

3. The Quran at various stages calls the non-believers and hypocrites as deaf, dumb and blind. [Surah 2:18] It is understandable that the non-believers due to their stubbornness were unable to understand or recognize the message of Allah. But labeling them as deaf, dumb and blind is demeaning to the people who are deaf, dumb or blind. Yes we humans do call normal people as deaf dumb or blind but all those meanings are negative. The deaf/dumb/blind are also creations of Allah and they did not choose to be so while the non-believers chose not to believe.

There might be many deaf/dumb/blind who are Muslims and might wonder why Allah likened the non-believers to them. This might be similar to if someone likens criminals to a certain race. Such a statement might deeply hurt the race.

Answer:

1. Satan has blamed God of misleading him because he regarded himself to be right in not bowing down before Adam. He reckoned that he was not at fault because the directive of bowing down in itself was not justified in his view

2. The Quran points out in Surah Baqarah where this episode this mentioned that it was arrogance and haughtiness which prompted Satan to adopt this attitude. People who are overtly and overly arrogant…

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Waseelah And Saints

A lot of people say that these ulema, peers or anyone capable of guiding us spiritually, are 'waseelas, God's resources. We can seek Allah's help through them. For instance, a lot of people pray, “O Allah grant us this and that favour through the waseelah of Bibi Fatima.” Do u think that is right? I mean, there is no doubt as to the stature of Hazrat Fatima in Islam. But is it not wrong to involve a third party, no matter how religiously sound it is, in between oneself and God? Isn't the interaction with Allah a one-to-one business?

Secondly, there is a prevalent trend of reverence to saints and sufis in our country. Like us, they were mortals, praising and worshiping the same Divine Being. Do you not think it as shirk to worship them, instead of Allah? Isn’t the current trend of 'mannat' and all, it not synonymous with idolising someone other than Allah? The respect can be restricted to praising them and their efforts for upholding Islam through difficult times, but aren't they nothing but perishable human beings like us? Please shed some light.

Answer:

We believe that literally any source or means is a waseelah. For example when we turn to doctors for medical help they become our waseelah. When we use the net to communicate it becomes waseelah for distance communication. However, the problem arises when we take someone who is unable to help as a means to access Allah Almighty who has most mercifully declared that none has the right and power to intercede before him for…

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Profession Of Faith

What is meant by shahadah (witness) especially in the context of Muslim declarartion of faith. This is usually translated as follows: I bear witness that no-one is worthy of worship but Allah, the One alone, without partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad (pbuh) is His servant and Messenger.

I want to understand how a person who has never met Muhammad (pbuh) in person can be a witness to him and his teachings we received through several dozens of generations?

Answer:

Shahadah is a declaration of one's belief. We declare our belief in that there is no god but Allah and that the Prophet Muhammad, who is a known personality, is the Messenger of Allah. The objection you have raised is applicable to those who bore witness to this fact during the life of the Prophet as well. This I say because nobody observed the fact that the Almighty Allah selected Muhammad as His Messenger and…

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Documenting One’s Religious Views

I study the Qur’an with urdu translation becuse I don’t know Arabic. Many ideas come through my thinking and I want to write on these. I fear that my thinking may be wrong. I quot an example. Allah Almighty says you should prefer for others what you prefer for yourself. It is bright idea for life of humanbeings in all aspect. I can elaborate upon it in my writings. I wanted to ask should I commit my thoughts to writing?

Answer:

We believe the Sharia'h has not set any qualification for a man willing to educate the believers and the others on any topic. It would be great if you started compiling your thoughts and then presenting them to the public. It will surely earn you great reward. The Almighty knows our intentions and even if we are wrong in our ijtihad and understanding we are rewarded. May Allah bless you with the ability and courage…

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