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Trial Of Mankind

The Holy Qur’ān and the Ahadith show that man is tested for two main reasons. Firstly he is tested when he abandons the path of truth. Secondly Allah Almighty tests him to elate his spirits in the religion like He does to the prophets. Please illuminate the whole matter in the light of the Holy Qur’ān and the Sound Ahadith.

Answer:

There are two aspects of the test. The first one clarifies the truthfulness of our belief. The second aspect concerns the completion of our target to purify our conscience. Our moral conduct and steadfastness in religion and belief always remain in a state of a trial. When something unpleasant happens, it tests our patience as well as our gratefulness. If we handle it successfully, it strengthens our belief. In this regard you have rightly said…

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Trial And Higher Ranks

Mufti Shafī' quotes the following narrative while interpreting the story of Ayyūb in Surah al-Anbiyā:

اشد الناس بلاء الانبياء ثم الصالحون ثم المثل فالامثل

Is a person not tested through trial has less dignity in the eyes of Allah? Please explain.

Answer:

This question arises when we restrict this trail to physical punishment. The Holy Qur’ān frequently explains that Allah Almighty tests the believers to illumine their weakness of faith so that they are not left with any excuses. These trials can be physical as well as psychological, social or economical. For example, the Holy Prophet (sws) faced a trial when he traveled to Tā'if. The slanderous accusation to Ā'ishah was also a test. If we consider…

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Using Illegitimate Means To Treat A Disease

To save one’s life one is allowed to tell a lie, drink/eat forbidden foods & so on. It appears to be that one can use any recourse whether allowed or not to save one’s life.

Following the same premise, if one is suffering from a disease which is not curable from all the normal medical treatments that exist then can such a person go to someone who claim to treat successfully all such diseases through some untraditional approach which could be un-Islamic?

To quote a practical example, one of my friend is suffering from some sort of brain disorder which significantly curbs his thinking capability & could not be successfully traced & treated by allopaths, homeopaths, hakims etc. for the last 15 years. He has shown to almost all doctors and psychiatrics but in vain. He has come to know of an individual who diagnosed magic spell on him. The person offering treatment has a long history of treating such diseases. Is it allowed for my friend to ignore the methods of treatments and just take the prescribed treatments following the premise mentioned above? The friend is almost sure that he will be cured of his problem after this treatment based on his research as to the authenticity of that person. It should be noted that the person claims to have some powers through which he treats his patients. Is such a treatment Islamic? If not, then can my friend approach him for his treatment? If he should not approach because the treatment is un-Islamic then why the premise mentioned above will not apply here?

Answer:

Islam has not held it forbidden (haram) to adopt any kind of treatment to cure the diseases. However, we are not always successful in curing a certain disease and people die. We can only adopt all universally acknowledged methods of treatment. We can get treated by any doctor or a psychologist or a quack. I do not think that getting treated by a magician would be considered sinful. But if the person who is applying…

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Supplications For Specific Objectives

I have seen some people especially women reciting verses from Holy Quran, darūd sharīf, Ayat Karīma, or reciting Allah's name etc. They recite these in specific numbers singly or in groups. They do it to pray and wish for specific objective which may be either health recovery of someone, getting a job, selling a business or for any other purposes.

Is it right according to the Islamic teachings? Does this process make prayers answered much faster? What is the significance of gathering some women or children or men and reading as mentioned above for the purpose of achieving some objective?

Answer:

Invoking Allah’s blessing on the Prophet (sws) and reciting the Holy Qur’an is a virtuous act sanctioned by the Qur’an itself. We can of course do this at any time any number of times. However, one thing is clear that asking for Allah’s help uttering any words considering them having magical power and hence the only way out of that trouble, be they the part of the Qur’an is not rewarding. We need to pray…

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Belief In God

Why believe in a God? It is an old question, has been debated for thousands of years with no particularly satisfactory answers. However it does bug me.

Answer:

While dealing with the matter in hand the basic thing that needs to be appreciated is the fact that existence of God as the creator of this universe is an established fact recognized by all the human beings over the centuries. The number of those challenging the idea hardly qualifies to be considered a party.This hard fact, which is a common asset of the entire humanity, should not be subjected to trial. The idea of…

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Are Christians Kaafir?

According to Surah al-Maidah (5:72) those who say Jesus is God are committing the act of kufr and shirk and Allah has made Jannah haram for them. This ayah is in the past tense. One can easily conclude that even those who were born before Mohammed (sws) and had such beliefs will never enter Jannah. This invalidates your understanding that it was only the rejecters from among the direct addressees of the Prophet (sws) who can be called kaafir.

Answer:

If we study the verse immediately following this one we learn that these verses only refer to the direct addressees of the Prophet. There are many textual proofs, which do not permit us to generalize the ruling you have drawn from the verses. However, this principle cannot be challenged that the Almighty would not forgive the crime of shirk even to those who have never been approached by any divine Messenger or Books. But falling…

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Certainty Of Religious Beliefs

My question is that in philosophy there is a doctrine "pragmatism" which define that "truth that we know today might be changed tomorrow as future is clearly uncertain. We try to discover things in every branch of knowledge just to solve the problems of today but we can be wrong in future". As we know that this is the principle on science, philosophy and in fact all knowledge is based. Now we come to Islam. Again we try to prove and defend the concept of God and other concepts by using reason of worldly knowledge that we know. Then how are we certain about those concepts as there are reasons against those concepts? How do we believe in them as eternal and never reversible facts when every truth can be changed?

Answer:

There are two types of truth and pragmatism relates to the second of these:

The first are called absolute truths like universal moral truths and established truths which do not change with change in time or circumstances or intellectual development as for example the oneness of God, honesty, justice etc.

The second are called relative truths in which one has to apply one's mind on data to come to a conclusion. This includes interpretation from holy texts…

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Allah’s Help

Our belief in Allah's help seems to have stopped us from doing our utmost effort and may be one of the reasons in not having high achievers among Muslims in almost all fields of life since long.

What is meant by Allah's help, when does it arrive, in what situations (e.g. exams, games, projects, international matters etc.)?
Is it a) only for the factors beyond our control/imagination; b) only for the factors that we can anticipate/think of; or c) both situations?
Is it for a) pious Muslims b) all Muslims c) everybody?
Should we embark on risky businesses/adventures on the basis of Allah's help?
Clear concept of this will bring about change in behavior of Muslims.

Answer:

Muslims believe that nothing happens without the will of God. They believe that God has the power to do anything. He helps us if we have full trust in him. This help from God is available to all in all cases we can possibly think of. Obviously a pious Muslim deserves the help of God more than the ones who are not that pious. However, it does not mean that God will not help those…

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Supplication And Predetermination

My question concerns the role of dua “supplication”. We are taught that a lot of issues such as marriage, provision and life have been predestined by Allah? Can supplication effect destiny?

Answer:

We should realise that Allah’s decisions work in the framework of causation. So, a person destined to earn 10 rupees would earn them only if he worked for it. Humans have to toil. In destiny, effort precedes results.

Then, a lot of matters are left to asking. We observe this in human dealings as well. Employees are provided for to a certain degree. Any other needs are subject to requests. Likewise a lot of matters…

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Good Deeds By A Disbeliever

I need the translation or commentary on (21:94): “Who so ever did righteous deeds and he is mo’min his struggles will not be wasted at all and we are writing everything.”

I try to write the translation and seek forgiveness from God if my interpretation is wrong. Can you please check the meaning and let me know according to my understanding a person who does righteous deeds has to be mo’min, believer. Am I right?

Answer:

A correct translation will be:

"So any one who does anything from righteous deeds and he is a believer, his efforts will not be denied and We write (his deeds) for him." (21:94)
Accordingly only those good deeds are accepted that are based and coming from a believer.
However a point to consider is that God does not hold any one responsible for his false beliefs or wrong deeds…

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Why Do Bad Things Happen To Good People?

Why does evil strike good people on a continuous basis? Is being dumb that big a fault? Why doesn't God intervene and help out people who He made dumb? It does not seem fair to me. Why does God allow an unfair world? I understand that this is a test in this world but how long a test should be? I've seen someone suffer all her life and I see no way in the future that her suffering will end? Why do some people never feel afraid that they are making someone feel miserable? Why doesn't God stop people from making her feel scared all her life?

Answer:

There are attributes of God that can be fully seen and appreciated in this world, like "Khaliq" (creator).

There are attributes of God that can be fully seen and appreciated only if the whole system of creation of human being is considered as the scope, which includes this world and the hereafter. Among them is "Adel" (Just, Fair). We can only appreciate the Fairness of God to His creation (specifically the human being) if…

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Nature Of Human Test And Trial In This World

There is my personal view which I haven’t discussed with any scholar yet. So it is all my personal feeling. I just want your comment if what I feel could be correct or this is against Quran and Sunanh.

My feeling sometimes (after looking into all the difficulties that humans have to pass through in this world) is that it could be possible that Allah is not, let's say, instructing directly for all these sufferings to happen. Rather it is Allah's own designed system that everything or I should say every amal (action) is coming out as reaction of another action preceding it.

This system/program of the world was initiated by Allah by saying KUN (Be). And then after that He in a way left the world by itself. And as in the case of nuclear reaction you just have to break the nucleus of one atom and energy by itself breaks the nucleus of neighboring atoms which then breaks 4 more and the never ending reaction goes on. So probably similarly Allah has broken that 1st atom of this universe system by saying KUN and the ever expanding universe came into existence which was based on the rule that for every action there is a reaction. The reaction to be good or bad is dependent upon the action which has taken place. Now after setting this rule Allah left the universe by itself to run and placed his creations into it like humans, jins or any other kind of life. Allah is just observing from the above how these creations by themselves acts or reacts to this system designed by Allah and one day he would decide to stop the system and then again he would interfere personally and instruct to blow the SUR for Qiyamat to occur . And in between (for saying Kun to the time for instruction of SUR) he really would not be interfering directly into the worldly matters.

Now considering humans only, He has given an instinct to humans to decide by themselves to what is morally right as an action and what is morally wrong as an action. And probably because of this instinct, the intellect and the brain and lots of added feature which probably other creations didn’t have He graded humans as one of the greatest creation and surely the best creation in this world. Now Allah wanted to see how this creations will try to exist in this world. How He ensures that his own existence is not harmful for other humans? If such a human exists who lives his life without causing any significant harm to other fellow humans by his own decision and by his own will, he himself decides that I will not make any action which will be harmful for others. And for this he might need to sacrifice many opportunities in his life. If such a person exists who is so good by himself then of course without doubt he deserves a gift of Jannat and if he does not care for other then of course he deserves nothing but Hell fire.

This would have been the case regardless of the institution of prophethood and divine books. But because even though human is the best creation of all and even though he had power to decide what is right what is wrong he is still not an ideal perfect creation and suffers limitations. Human cannot in any way decide always and every time in every aspect that what is the correct direction. Considering this limitation Allah who loves humans and is merciful decided to interfere into the world but with intention only to guide humans where their limitations does not allow them to take correct decisions. He decided to interfere through those of the creations who by themselves were morally perfect. I mean it was not in a way pre-decided that He would make Jesus or Moses or Mohammad (sws) His messenger. They themselves were so good a moral and religious idea as a human beings and they were so pure of their hearts by themselves that Allah selected them. He decided that His interference in this world would be implemented and communicated to others by these perfect humans. And it was only the time period of these and other Prophets and Messengers that Allah interfered to help and guide human creatures to the right path. It was not right because Allah had said it was but path was already right by itself. Allah just interfered to guide us and inform us that look this is what is actually the right path I am telling you because I am very merciful to you.

I am not a good writer. I hope I am able to communicate my point of view correctly. I would appreciate if you share your view on the question if this view is compatible with the teachings of Islam. I hope you understand that I am not denying Allah's power. What I feel is that Allah by His own will is not interfering now specially after Muhammad (sws). Surely He has the power to do so and everything He likes.

Answer:

Thanks for your e-mail. I am in agreement with many points that you elaborated on. Yes I do agree you that most of what happens around us and in the world are not direct interfere of the Almighty but in fact a chain result of actions and reactions.

What I would like to add is that the mechanism and the logic of these action and reactions too are created by God. Most of the things…

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Doing Good In The Hands Of Death

There are some life threatening diseases about which, doctors predict the possible time of death with 99% accuracy. It is because the disease is very dangerous and there is no treatment. Common examples are cancers which already spread to all body (metastasis) or full blown AIDS etc. Doctors usually advise the patient to accept it and to do all things what they want to do for their children or themselves before death. In such cases how a Muslim should react?


1)Can he/she still believe that a miracle could happen? I saw many cases in which usually patient died within the time period (more or less) given especially in metastasis cancers.
2)If he/she accepts that he/she soon going to die, according to latest science research,. and tries to arrange something for his kids or family before dying would it be sin?
3)Would it mean "NOT TRUSTING GOD IN SAVING HIS/HER LIFE"?
4)If he/she would become good Muslim in practice after knowing about his short life Allah would accept his/her good (deeds) after knowing that he/she is soon going to die?
5)What is the best du’a (prayer) he should make during this time?

Answer:

Every human being dies, to know when (even an approximation of when) from a perspective is actually a blessing.

I don't think it is about miracle. I think it is about believing that God keeps people alive as long as it is written for them and then take their souls as soon as it is written for them. A religious person should believe that despite the illness and its signs and all the predictions…

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Why Is Iblis Free To Corrupt Humans?

I wanted to learn did God know that Iblees would react the way he did when Adam was created? If yes then to what extent is he allowed to spread evil? And why are we humans held responsible for that? When Adam was created he had no concept of good or bad. Where did these come from?

Answer:

According to the Islamic faith God knows everything. He knew everything from the beginning and nothing can add to His knowledge. When He asked Iblis to prostrate before Adam or when He put Adam in the garden He knew how each would react. He did so for the training and knowledge of the humans. This forms part of human test and trial during this worldly life. Satan is given freedom to entice humans who have…

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Why Is “Shirk” Unforgiveable?

I have following questions:

1 - Why is "shirk" been declared as a sin which will not be forgiven in any case. A Buddhist friend of mine says that isn’t God very selfish while declaring this? Kindly, respond and also tell the effect of "shirk" on worldly life?
2 - My second question is regarding the act of zina. A person who is committing zina or (in second case) going near zina, answerable to God only or the society as well? Can some body say, to the person who is committing zina or going near, that you are answerable to us as well?

3- Thirdly, if one comes to know that an individual near him or in his community is doing something wrong, what should be the right approach towards his correction?

Answer:

1. The reason that the Almighty has called shirk a heinous sin is that a person has no means to know whether God has partners or not. Only God could have revealed this information to man and since He has not, ascribing partners to God is like imputing falsehood to Him.

2. A person who is doing zina is answerable to God only if the matter has not been reported to the law/police. He or she…

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Divine Punishment

My question is that how do you determine if a nation suffering from e.g. civil war, external attack or any political or economic crisis is actually under the punishment of Allah or the test of Allah (swt)?

Answer:

We cannot determine with absolute certainty that whether a nation is under wrath of God is being tested. It is only after the clear warning of a Messenger of God to a nation that when they reject the Messenger and his message and they are punished that we can be sure that it is a divine punishment. For a detailed study of the sunnat allah regarding the Messengers and their addressees please refer to: Playing…

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Hardships In Life

My problem is that I am a victim of continuous problems. I face one after the other difficulty. I do not find any chance for peaceful survival. On the insistence of my wife I even ended up to people like Qadri sahib of Lahore but of course to no avail. I am requesting you to kindly help us. This all started in 1994. My wife was diagnosed and had mastectomy. When she came back home my twelve year old son fainted in the school and turned out to be a victim of brain tumor. Two years of struggles ended with his surgery.

He is fine now. As soon as he came back home my younger daughter who was 11 years old started to have heart problem which turned out to be WPW (a rare heart disease). After her surgery when we took a sigh of relief my mother got burned in Pakistan. I have to rush back to look after her. Before I reached there, she was already died. During my 17 days stay in Pakistan stock market plunged in USA and I lost about 100,000 dollars.
But unfortunately that was not the end of it. Then I got admitted in the hospital for chest pains. And then..... Life goes on. I am just not getting any break. My trust in people is vanishing but fortunately my belief is there as strong as ever. But I need your help. Please guide me through this period of time. It is almost a period of 17 years that I am suffering things one after the other.

Answer:

My dear brother, I cannot even start to think how you have suffered during the past few years and therefore do not feel comfortable to give you any religious advice. However, I want to try my best to assure you that no matter what has happened and what might happen in future, you are in God's hands and subjected to His plans.

There are of course worldly and rational explanations and causes for our sufferings, however…

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Chanting Durood For Mundane Purposes

I watch your program "Deen-o-Danish" and I learn a lot from it. I wish that all the people can learn Islam in the right way. I have a question, if someone reads drood shariff 100 times or more to get their wishes, is it allowed in Islam?

Answer:

We cannot state that it is forbidden for one to recite the durood a hundred or more or less times and seek God’s blessings and hope from Him that his wish will be granted. However, we can say that there is no guarantee from God to grant a wish on reciting the durood any number of times. We do not find any sound basis in the sources of the religious to the fact that God…

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Allowing The Non-Muslims To Use The Name Allah For Their Gods

I live in Malaysia where I am studying. You must have heard about the recent issue of the use of the word "Allah". The court has given its verdict that Christians can use the word "Allah" for their God as well. There is a strong reaction from the Muslim community. I am a bit confused on this. At one end I feel that the word Allah is an Arabic name for God and there should not be any harm in allowing its use by other religions. Whereas at the other end, there is a chance that Christians may use the word to deceive Muslims. And according to some locals here, it has happened in the past as well. Kindly throw some light on this issue through the Qur’an and Sunnah. My second question is regarding keeping a dog as a pet. I have read your answer on this at http://www.al-mawrid.org/pages/questions_urdu_detail.php?qid=1143&cid=0 but I am unable to grasp it completely that why keeping a dog just for the sake of having a pet is forbidden whereas one is allowed to keep a cat as a pet. And dog is a very loyal animal as well. Kindly explain.

Answer:

Thank you for writing to us. We believe that the question about allowing the Christians to use the name Allah for their God we believe that it cannot legally be forbidden unless it is done on political basis for fear of unrest. Christians, Hindus and the members of other religious communities have been using the word Allah for God and it has not been forbidden them. Since Muslims believe that God of the Israelites and…

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Naming Children

We named our three year old son Moiz. Is it allowable for the believers to name their children after an attributive name of God in this form? Some people say that if we have to use any of the names of God we need to add something like Abdul Moiz, Abdullah etc.

Answer:

Moiz is one of God’s attributive names. There are attributes of God which are also used of the humans. For example God is merciful and a human being can also be characterized by the trail of mercifulness. When we call someone by such a name that can be attributed to God as well as His servants among humans we do not mean to equate the person named such with God. Therefore there is nothing wrong…

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