• TAGS:

Riwāayah Bi Al-Ma’nā And Ḥadīth

Are all the contents of the ḥadīth literature are the words of the Holy Prophet (sws)? Please give sufficient evidence if they are. If they are not, then why do we consider them ḥadīth?

Answer:

Most of the ḥadīth narratives are transmission by meaning. It means that the narrator reports the message in his own words. We call such narratives ḥadīth because the narrator believes the narration to be a prophetic saying. It should also be noted that when a discipline is established and becomes mature the main words and expressions are used as term. In such a discourse, literal meanings go into background and lose central importance.
(Translated into…

Read More
  • TAGS:

Riwāayah Bi Al-Ma’nā And Ḥadīth

Are all the contents of the ḥadīth literature are the words of the Holy Prophet (sws)? Please give sufficient evidence if they are. If they are not, then why do we consider them ḥadīth?

Answer:

Most of the ḥadīth narratives are transmission by meaning. It means that the narrator reports the message in his own words. We call such narratives ḥadīth because the narrator believes the narration to be a prophetic saying. It should also be noted that when a discipline is established and becomes mature the main words and expressions are used as term. In such a discourse, literal meanings go into background and lose central importance.
(Translated into…

Read More
  • TAGS:

Difference Between The Qur’ān And The Hadīth

What is the status of a ḥadīth contradicting the Holy Qur’ān?

Answer:

Most of the cases of difference between the Holy Qur’ān and the Ḥadīth are caused by interpreting and concluding the meaning of a ḥadīth without considering the light of Holy Qur’ān on the matter under discussion. Moreover, the conditions set by some jurists also cause such conflicts. In our opinion no sound narrative differs with the Holy Qur’ān. However, as a principle, it should be maintained that a narrative contravening the Holy Qur’ān is not…

Read More

  • TAGS:

Authenticity Of The Qur’ān And Ḥadīth

What is the status of ḥadīth as compared to the holy Holy Qur’ān? Can a hadith be equally authentic as a verse of the Qur’ān?

Answer:

Qur’ān has reached us through authentic sources (tawātur) whereas the ḥadīth reached us through individual to individual mode of transmission (aḥbār-e āḥād). Holy Qur’ān is conclusive whereas ḥadīth is probable. A ḥadīth cannot specify or abrogate a Qur’ānic verse semantically or syntactically. On the other hand, a ḥadīth will be studied in the light of the Holy Qur’ān. If a ḥadīth contradicts the Qur’ān, it is rejected. Such a ḥadīth cannot be cited as evidence…

Read More

  • TAGS:

The First Hadith Compilation

Who compiled the first Hadīth book? When it was written? What were the sources used?

Answer:

The Hadith work written in early years of Islam is 'Mu'atta' of Imam Malik. The author of the book died in 179 AH. This is the compilation of the second century A.H. The sources of Hadīths mentioned in it, and also in other books, are narrators. Some of these narrators had narratives written with them.
(Translated into English by Abid Mahmood)


Read More
  • TAGS:

Compilation Of Hadīth During The Prophet’s Lifetime

Did the Prophet (sws) get the Hadiths recorded in writing and how many? How many of them were recorded in writing during the period of the rightly guided caliphs?

Answer:

You may consult the book 'Hifazat wa Hujiyyat Hadīth' of Mawlana Fahim Ahmad 'Uthmani for a detailed study of the Hadīth compilation in the early period of Islam. In this brief reply I can state that the names of several Companions of the holy Prophet (sws) have been recorded in the history who had written a number of hadiths. Similarly, the holy Prophet (sws) also ordered some people to write down the hadīths and got…

Read More

  • TAGS:

Hadīth And Its Significance As Source Of The Sharī‘ah

How do you define the hadith? What is the significance of the hadith literature as the source of the Shari‘ah?

Answer:

These are two different questions. I am giving an excerpt below from the first chapter of Mr Ghamidi’s book Mīzān. I hope it answers both of your questions. Javed Ahmad Ghamidi writes:


The Prophetic Hadīth, a name given to the reports about the sayings, actions and tacit approvals of the Prophet (sws) transmitted through individual to individual (akhbār-e ahād) do not add to the beliefs and practices in the religion. It does not mean that they…

Read More

  • TAGS:

Sunnah And Hadith

If Sunnah is independent of hadith, then how does one check what if someone is doing bid‘ah (unsubstantiated addition to the corpus of Islam.) or not?

Answer:

When we try investigating an issue for example the question of celebrating milad (birthday of the Prophet sws) we continue studying the sources in the earlier generations. We go back step by step. We study all the material and works that are used as a source of history. Then after a couple of generations we find that the concept of milad was not there. It shows when it was introduced and by whom. The ahadiths…

Read More

  • TAGS:

Criticism On Imam Bukhari

I would greatly appreciate your comments on the following: “Al-Bukhari’s methodology in portraying Prophet Mohammad’s Personality (sws)” published in the Ahl-Al-Qur’an website http://www.ahl-alquran.com/English/show_article.php?main_id=5938 )

Answer:

This is an article written by Dr. Ahmed Mansour, titled “Al-Bukhari’s methodology in portraying Prophet Mohammad’s Personality (SWS)” published in the Ahl-Al-Qur’an website http://www.ahl-alquran.com/English/show_article.php?main_id=5938


This is a website that promotes the Qur’an as the only source of understanding Islam and does not give any values to the Sunnah of the Prophet (sws) or Hadith.

The article bring examples from the collection of Bukhari and argues that these examples evidence that Bukhari intentionally wrote…

Read More
  • TAGS:

Explanation Of A Prophetic Hadith

Is the following hadith authentic? It has been recorded by Imam Muslim in his Sahih. It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayra: A fornicator who fornicates is not a believer as long as he commits fornication, and no one who steals is a believer as long as he commits theft, and no one who drinks wine is a believer as long as he drinks it, and repentance may be accepted after that.

Does this mean if a Muslim drinks alcohol he is not a Muslim any more?

Answer:

The Prophet (sws), we believe, intended to teach the believers that these sins negate our iman. When a person who professes belief in God and the related beliefs commits sins that means that at the time of committing sin he was not mindful of what his belief entailed. Had he fully conscious of his belief in that moment he would not have heeded to the desires of the flesh and would have stayed away from…

Read More

  • TAGS:

Role Of Hadith In Preservation And Transmission Of Sunnah

You say that the sunan are not derived from the hadith books but they have reached to us by the ijma and tawatur of the Muslim ummah. But in many of your various articles you mentioned that hadith books besides having the record of some historical facts and other things do have a record of some of the sunan. Thus the statement that the hadith books do have a record of "some of the sunan" clearly implies the fact that hadith books do not have the record of all the sunan. So on the basis of this statement I ask can you mention a single sunnah which has reached to us by the tawatur and ijma of Muslim ummah but has not been recorded in a hadith book?

Answer:

If the sentence "Hadith books have record of some Sunnah" implies that there is a Sunnah that is not at all referred to in Hadith literature then I think the sentence does not carry an accurate message. I have not checked it one by one but from the outset the impression I get from the vastness of hadith literature is that it does have mention of all the content of Sunnah.

However, if the above sentence…

Read More
  • TAGS:

Interpreting The Qur’an It The Light Of The Hadith

In some of your articles you have mentioned that hadees doesn’t explains the Quran rather the sunnah explains the same. It doesn't seem to me appropriate because there some Quranic verses cannot be understood without recourse to hadeeth. The following one is example.

They have taken their rabbis and priests as lords other than Allah.

This ayah was explained by the Messenger of Allah (saw), as reported by Tirmidhi on the authority of Adi bin Hatim who was a Christian before accepting Islam. Adi who had just accepted Islam, heard the Messenger of Allah (saw) recite the above ayah. He objected: "They do not worship their priests." The Prophet (saw) replied: "Whatever their priests and rabbis call permissible, they accept as permissible; whatever they declare as forbidden, they consider as forbidden, and thus they worship them.

Answer:

I am sorry I could not understand why do you say that the verse under discussion cannot be understood if this hadith were not there? Please explain and help me. Also please note that when we say that the hadith should be understood in the light of the Qur'an and not the Qur'an re-interpreted in the light of hadith that does not mean that no hadith can be used as a tool for understanding the…

Read More

  • TAGS:

Is The ‘Sahih Bukhari’ Error Free?

Though there are many who claim that every hadeeth recorded in the Sahih Bukhari collection is authentic, there are some traditions in the collection that seem to contradict each other. I would like to refer to a tradition that mentions hazrat Zainab sws to be the one who served the prophet Muhammad sws honey and another that claims hazrat Hafsah sws was the person who served that honey. It is this incident that led to the revelation of the first few verses of the 66th surah of the Quran though there is another tradition also recorded in Sahih Bukhari that claims a different reason for the revelation of the these verses. Please explain why with the presence of such traditions there are still sholars who claim Sahih Bukhari to be authentic? I understand that the method used by Imam Bukhari is regarded as the most strict with regards to authentication, but I do not understand what makes it error-free.

Answer:

Bukhari and other compilers of the traditions ascribed to the Holy Prophet set different measures for the acceptance of a report. Though conditions set by Bukhari are the strictest, as you have stated, and his book is considered very authentic but Muslim scholars do not, generally, hold that a tradition recorded in Bukhari (Or any other book containing Sahih traditions) is fault-free and should necessarily be considered as the exact actual saying and/or action of…

Read More

  • TAGS:

What Exactly Constitutes Dhikr?

I have read numerous hadeeth that greatly encourage Dhiker(Ziker). The prophet said that the only regret that the people of paradise will have is not doing enough of it.


There are many statements (given in the Hadeeth) glorfying Allah and praising Him and acknowledging his power over us. I understand enough Arabic for me to be able to understand most of these statements, and so when I'm saying them in Arabic, their meaning is not lost on me. However sometimes when I'm doing this Dhiker for a long time, my mind tends to wander and I can no longer concentrate on the meaning and implication of the statements I'm saying. When my mind wanders this way , I tend to think that my Dhiker is ineffectual, and that I'm just wasting my time.

Do I have to concentrate on the meanings of the statements everytime I say them? It becomes difficult to do so because sometimes I do Dhiker for a long time, and that kind of forced attention is beyond me.

Please tell me what exactly constitutes Dhiker. I don't want to have any regrets in Paradise (if I ever get there!).

Answer:

You have rightly stated that we are required to remember the Almighty and remain constantly conscious of his innumerable favors upon us. This remembrance should primarily be through His attributes, as we know Him only through His attributes. We are told to remember him in context with his favors and blessings. For example we should say 'Al hamdu lillah' (All praise be for Allah) whenever we realize or are reminded of any of His favors…

Read More

  • TAGS:

An Incident Related To The Life Of The Prophet (sws)

In April I became a Muslim. I've been attempting to learn as much as I can about this faith. Before I converted, I studied for a few months, but it is impossible to read everything. Recently I've run across something that makes me doubt the truth of Islam, and I would like it cleared up. It is hurting my iman. I have gone through so much to accept this faith, and I don't want to let it go. Please, explain the meaning of this hadith to me. It seems brutal and contrary to everything I believe about Allah and his prophet (sws).

Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas:
A blind man had a slave-mother who used to abuse the Prophet (sws) and disparage him. He forbade her but she did not stop. He rebuked her but she did not give up her habit. One night she began to slander the Prophet (sws) and abuse him. So he took a dagger, placed it on her belly, pressed it, and killed her. A child who came between her legs was smeared with the blood that was there. When the morning came, the Prophet (sws) was informed about it. He assembled the people and said: I adjure by Allah the man who has done this action and I adjure him by my right to him that he should stand up. Jumping over the necks of the people and trembling the man stood up. He sat before the Prophet (sws) and said:
Apostle of Allah! I am her master; she used to abuse you and disparage you. I forbade her, but she did not stop, and I rebuked her, but she did not abandon her habit. I have two sons like pearls from her, and she was my companion. Last night she began to abuse and disparage you. So I took a dagger, put it on her belly and pressed it till I killed her. Thereupon the Prophet (sws) said: Oh be witness, no retaliation is payable for her blood.
Here are links to the Hadith:
The USC website is used frequently to quote ahadith on the web. The other, www.jannah.com is also a respected Islamic website. Is this hadith authentic? How do I find out?

Thanks so much for any light you can shed on this subject. Is there any source I can find (other than my own opinion) that can discredit this hadith? If this hadith isn't valid, why is it among the collections of hadith? Why hasn't it been discarded?

Answer:

Before dealing with the subject matter of the Hadith you have mentioned, I would like to explain some of the points which need to be appreciated while dealing with the actions and sayings ascribed to the prophet (sws) reported in traditions.

The traditions ascribed to the Holy Prophet (sws) are not the ultimate source of the knowledge about the actions of the prophet (sws) because of their limitation in reliability as well as in the…

Read More
  • TAGS:

Did The Prophet (sws) Forbid Second Marriage To Ali (rta)

I heard a hadith which says that once Hazrat Ali (rta) asked permission from Muhammad (sws) for second marriage and the Prophet (sws) refused to grant him permission. Could you please confirm the hadith and, why Muhammad (sws) refused to grant Hazart Ali (rta) his request?

Answer:

Here is one translation of the hadith.

"I heard Allah's Apostle who was on the pulpit, saying, 'Banu Hisham bin Al-Mughira have requested me to allow them to marry their daughter to Ali bin Abu Talib, but I don't give permission, and will not give permission unless 'Ali bin Abi Talib divorces my daughter in order to marry their daughter, because Fatima is a part of my body, and I hate what…

Read More
  • TAGS:

Is Music Absolutely Forbidden

In response to my question regarding music, you mentioned that "....music in itself is not prohibited in the absolute sense. If it is, then the sources of Islam must mention it." According to the people who consider Hadith as an independent source of understanding religion, music has been absolutely prohibited and they will bring forth the Hadith which say that music is forbidden. How you will answer that?
Secondly, you wrote that "Prohibiting something because its use might lead to sin is always a prerogative of the state". I understand your point. But we have examples where God prohibited some thing for Sadd zari'a. Is not there any possibility that prophet (sws) prohibited music as a sadd zari'a?
My second question is regarding the expression Allah has used in Qur'an for offering prayers. The Books says: "akeemu sala. What does iqaamat means here? I have heard that some people have taken the word aqeemoo in a different way and them don't offer prayer. Kindly shed some light, by telling the views of such individuals and telling the meaning of the word "aqeemoo".

Thirdly, I commit a sin (I go near zina, although I do not actually do zina but I go near it). My problem is that I also offer prayers and also read Qur'an with understanding. Some times I think that if I can not leave the bad I should leave the prayers as well. Because I think that may be I am a hypocrite who is just trying to show off (although my intention is never to show off). What should I do with this thought of leaving good? I have tried but haven't been able to leave the sin; I feel I am in the middle of good and bad forces. Secondly, when some one is bad in one aspect of his life, can he advise well to others on any other aspect of life if not the one in which he is bad. People say that first one should apply well on himself then only he should advise others. Kindly put some light on this.

Answer:

People who argue that Hadith can give an independent directive of prohibition will be told how musical gatherings were inflicted with liquor consumption and lewd songs -- which is evident from other narratives as well as from history. Similarly, they will be told that how would they explain narratives in which the Prophet (sws) encouraged music and singing. Both are detailed out below.

As for the first issue, it has been narrated in the Sahih of…

Read More
  • TAGS:

Nature Of Sunan

In a gathering with friends I stated that there is a hadith according which the Holy Prophet (sws) directed some farmers (probably date planters) to adopt a certain practice. They followed his direction and suffered loss.

One of my friends differed strongly with me saying that he could not believe it. He asked me to provide full reference. Would you please help me out with the complete hadith and references?

Answer:

Here is a translation of the portion of Mr Ghamidi's Mizan which treats the issue and quotes the hadith.

The sunan must be religious practices. Any worldly and mundane thing cannot be accepted and practiced as a sunnah. The Holy Qur’an very clearly states that all the Messengers of God were raised to deliver the religion of God. The knowledge they brought and the practices they performed were confined to this sphere. They were not interested…

Read More
  • TAGS:

Is It Hard To Follow The Religion?

We know striving in the path of Allah is a source of reward. For example; it is hard to offer the fajr prayer or wear hijab etc. We must therefore strive to work hard. Facing the hardship and remaining steadfast on deen is a basic part of Muslims life. Narrated Abu Qatada bin Rib'i Al-Ansari: A funeral procession passed by Allah's Apostle who said: Relieved or relieving?

The people asked: O Allah's Apostle! What is relieved and relieving?
He said: A believer is relieved (by death) from the troubles and hardships of the world and leaves for the Mercy of Allah.
The hadith indicates that the life of a believer is full of hardship and as we know there are other ahadith that also indicate this. Then what is the meaning of verse: And He has not laid upon you in religion any hardship? (22:78)

Why does the verse say in the religion there is no hardship? Yet we know from our life that there are a lot of difficulties and hardships that we face due to being Muslims. The hadith also explains that there are hardships. Please comment on the apparent contradiction.

Answer:

In order to properly understand the purpose of the verse under consideration we need to have a look at the context in which it occurs. I would request you kindly to read the verses preceding and following this one for a full picture. This verse has been explained as follows by Imam Amin Ahsan Islahi the author of Tadabbur-e Qur’an:

The implication is that God, who is commanding you to fight in His way, is…

Read More
  • TAGS:

Did Hadrat ‘Umar Punish His Son To Death?

I have just received an email mentioning an event of the Caliphate of Hazrat ‘Umar (rta). It says that Hazrat Umar (rta) punished his son for adultery with the punishment of 100 flogs and during this punishment his son died. This whole incident is reported as a high sample of justice from the Caliph, Hazrat ‘Umar (rta) that he didn’t even space his own son. I am little bit confused as never heard of any such incident. Can you please confirm the authenticity of this incident?

Answer:

Mawlana Amin Ahsan Islahi has pleaded to this hadith in one of his discussions on the same topic which forms part of his book Islami Riyasat (The Islamic State). I believe that the authenticity of this narrative may not be that forceful for it does not appear in the main sources. It should be taken as one of the historical narratives that are often considered and explained if they do not out rightly contradict the…

Read More