Study Of The Quran

I am a medical doctor and have extensively studied and been well trained in this profession. l want to do so pertaining to the study of Quran and then propagate it further with Quranic study circles. Is it possible to have some guidelines towards accomplishing this goal? May Allah be your protector, guider and helper to accomplish your aims and goals!

Answer:

Your desire to learn and preach the message of the Qur’an is really commendable. We pray to the Almighty to help you accomplish this worthy work. Amen.

I regret to state that there is no training program of education currently going on in our institution. However, we invite you to consider the free online courses offered by a sister site: www.stydying-islam.org. If you need any help during the course that we can offer…

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Sacred Places Of Non-Muslims

My question is about dealing with non-Muslims temples when Islam is in power. It is said in some ḥadīths that don’t destroy the old temples or prayers places of non-Muslims but when Muslims got victory over Mecca the Prophet himself destroyed the idols of many gods which were inside the Kaba. So what was the situation there and in present time what should we do with this issue?

Answer:

Islam claims that Ka'bah was built by Abraham and it was center of monotheism. It was later desecrated by putting idols to be worshipped there. The Prophet [pbuh], according to Islam, was sent to purify the house of God of the filth of polytheism and establish tawheed in Arabia. Islam established the veracity of the Messenger and His claim through various arguments and did not allow polytheists to live in Arabia while rejecting the truth…

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Responsibility Of Believers Concerning Crimes

What is our responsibility as a Muslim against social crimes or problems for example I am a lecturer in a local college what is my responsibility a s a teacher in a society so that I can win my Allah’s approval and jannah?

Answer:

We all are required to spread the light around us. A father is responsible for those in his care. A teacher is responsible for the enlightenment of his children on these issues. However, it does not mean that he should divert greatly from his main subject. That is his primary responsibility. But he must find time to guide his pupils regarding the truth that he believes need to be imparted to them



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Jihad And Qital

My question is with regards to jihad and qital given the circumstances today. Is qital obligator for the modern day Muslim?

Answer:

An individual Muslim does not need to decide whether Qitaal necessary for him or not. It is the Muslims state which has to decide when to go into war and against whom. It may call the general public for participating in the war or it may decide to rely on the armed forces alone. In case if it makes an open call for jihad every individual has to respond positively to the call of…

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Militant Islam

I am a Muslim from India. I want to know why has the history of the followers of Islam been so bloody and continues to be so. It pains me to see my fellow followers of the faith getting killed every single day, somewhere in the world.Is acceptance of change not a part of Islam? Is the message of peace not understood and propogated by our religious leaders? Is forgiveness not a bigger force compared to vengeance in our religion?

Answer:

I fail to understand how deeds of the adherents of a religion render that particular religion evil. If you want to learn the cause of the (so called) aggressive nature of the Muslim you need to study their history. It is not essentially true that they have always been unjustly aggressive. To forgive is a great virtue but none of the societies in the civilized world condones that culprits be forgiven and that the killers…

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How To Defend The Faith

If someone insults islam to my face must I defend Islam? Or may I walk away knowing in my mind and heart and soul he is wrong and I do not wish to guide him as he has not felt Allah in is heart and I wish not to start contriversy.

Answer:

You must always defend the truth in the best manner. Some times the best way of defending an insult is to reason with the person, some times it is to act good and practically prove the person wrong, some times it is to show dissatisfaction with your face, some times it is to remain silent .... May God give all of us the wisdom to recognise what is the best reaction in such situations.



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Killing Non-Muslims

I am a Christian living here in America with my family. Does this mean that the Muslims have to kill me? I am very frightened and confused. Can you please explain?

Answer:

I am afraid you have not understood the correct Islamic view on this issue. It is merely because of misconceptions that some Muslims hold that they are obliged to prepare themselves and force the non Muslims into accepting Islam or paying jizyah. They are not actually out to kill people except some of the groups we are well aware of. Majority Muslims are not in favor of war like for example some extremist Muslim groups…

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Conditions Of Revolt And Jihad

I have read your book "The Islamic Sharī‘ah of Jihad" by Javed Ahmad Ghamidi, which arose a few questions in my mind. Please answer my following questions:

a.In which conditions Jihad against the ruler of one’s own Islamic state can be undertaken?
b.When and how can we declare a ruler of our Islamic state a non-Muslim urge people to defy his orders?
c.In battle of Siffīn Hazrat Mu‘āviah revolted against Hazrat Ali so who was at truth, and whose battle can be taken as jihad?

d. Was the battle of Karbala a revolt against the ruler Yazīd? Give your reasons.

Answer:

Since your answer is on the basis of the "The Islamic Shari'ah of Jihad" by Javed Ahmad Ghamidi, I will answer your first two questions on the basis of the same book and the same premises:

  1. Which are the occasions when Jihad against own ruler of Islamic state can be undertaken?
According to Javed Ahmad Ghamidi, revolt against own ruler can be taken under the following conditions:
- The government should be guilty of openly denying the…

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Obligation To Wage Jihad

In a video-clip (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E-N4Wf_RR-0), Mawlānā Waḥīd al-Dīn Khān has claimed that, since killing of non-combatants is not permissible in Islam, the scope of jihad has almost ended in the nuclear area as war can escalate into a situation where killing innocents may become inevitable. Also, he believes that only defensive (in self-defence) is permissible and, that too, only at the level of the state. In an essay of his “Ṣabr kē us pār,” he advises Muslims to suppress their desires and focus only on their responsibilities. What are your views n this regard?

Answer:

While it is true that any armed struggle without the authority of the collectivity in which a Muslim resides is prohibited in the opinion of most scholars from early to modern times, in Q.22:40, God explains why war is sometimes necessary to end oppression and persecution. If a State has the strength and moral authority to end persecution, it is height of apathy to sit back without justifiable reason (Q.4:75-76). For example, if India deliberately…

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The Life Of A Martyr

Are martyrs dead or alive?

Answer:

The view that martyrs are alive is based on the evidences from the Holy Qur'an. Surah al-Baqarah (2) reads:

وَلاَ تَقُولُوْا لِمَنْ يُقْتَلُ فِي سَبيلِ اللّهِ أَمْوَاتٌ بَلْ أَحْيَاء وَلَكِن لاَّ تَشْعُرُونَ (154:2)

And say not of those who are slain in the way of Allah. "They are dead." Nay, they are living, though ye perceive (it) not. (Q 2:154)
Similarly, a verse from Surah 'Āl 'Imrān reads as follows:


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Regarding The Jihad Of The Companions Of The Prophet (sws)

My question is regarding Jihad of the companions of prophet. I am convinced about the stance of Mr Ghamidi that Prophet (sws) in fact killed the mushrikeen of that time after "itamam-e-hujjat". But I wonder that itamam-e-hujjat can be accepted for individuals who were the direct addressees of Prophet (sws), as he (sws) totally convinced them regarding the message of Islam and they deliberately denied the truth. But what about the nations (i.e. Persians and Romans) which were just sent letters. Can "itamam-e-hujjah" be done just by sending letters? I believe that saying that "itamam-e-hujjah was completed on those nations just by sending letters, is a weak argument. May be my knowledge is not complete. Kindly shed some light in detail as I and my friend are having difficulty in understanding this.

Some people are of the view that hizb-ullah and taliban have actually defeated Israel and US by engaging them in war for several years and at the same time recently Israel withdrew from one of the wars against hizbullah. Now the jihad they are doing does not satisfy all the conditions of jihad, then how they are winning the battles, should we consider it that it is God's help (nusrat-e-ilahi). And can we say that today Israel, India and US are doing persecution and if we were able then jihad was obligatory to be declared by our state? Kindly answer in detail about both the questions especially the first one.

Answer:

As far as the itmam al-hujjah on neighboring countries in the time of the Prophet (sws) is concerned, it was not merely accomplished by writing letters. Letters were just the beginning of itmam al-hujjah.

The real thing in this regard was the actual happening of shahādah of Muhammad (sws) in Arabia. This was enough to conclusively convey the truth to the rulers of neighbouring countries to whom the Prophet (sws) wrote these letters. Any evasion on…

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Itmam A Hujjah And The Jihad Of The Companions

I have following questions regarding the answer you have provided me regarding Itamam-ul-Hujjah on neighboring countries.

1) I think the answer you have provided is not sufficient. I still cannot understand that how we can assume that just on the basis of Itamam-ul-Hujjah which was done in Makkah/Madina, it was also done on Faris and Rome? I mean that there is evident difference between itamam-ul-hujjah on the people of Makkah/Madina where first every question was answered directly and then only the punishment was given. Whereas in the case of neighboring countries, only letters and then later an army was sent by only giving leverage to individuals who ask for asylum. To elaborate further if I make an analogy, if for example in current times, a prophet comes in India, and does itamam-ul-hujjah there, punishes the kafirs there and then write a letter that I have done this in India and now the same will happen to you in Pakistan if you will negate what I am preaching. Will it be considered as itamam-ul-hujjah?
2) Were the letters written to the neighboring countries before the punishment to the direct addressees or after that? Could you please provide the content of letter?
3) Any evidence from the sources of history that the message of Islam was delivered in its ultimate form to the people in neighboring countries? Like people accepting Islam, or Quran or any hadith mentioning that those people are also doing kufr?
4) This is the question which I asked in my last email as well but could not get answer. "Can we say that today Israel, India and US are doing persecution and if we were able then Jihad was obligatory to be declared by our state?"
5) My next question is regarding the current issue of Cartoons on Facebook. What should be the approach of a person using Facebook, should we deactivate our accounts or should we defend it by being there?

Answer:

Here are the answers to your questions:

1. Actually the mere happening of the itmam ul hujjah in the whole of Arabia by the 10th AH for which letters were written around the 6th AH was enough. Remember, it was almost four years before its completion that the letters were sent to these neighboring countries to be on guard. Of course this meant that if any individual wanted to time to understand more, he must…

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Usama’s (rta) Army

The prophet (SWS) ordered the army of Usama to move to the boarders for war. This took place when the prophet was already suffering from the illness that resulted in his passing away. The historical records are evident that:

1. Even when the prophet was in his difficult moments of illness he did not asked the army to stop.

2. All the major pioneers of Muhajers and Ansar were in the army, including Abubakr and Umar.

My question is:

Assuming that the prophet knew that he was passing away (as apparent from many historical documents), why he wanted to send the closest companions (and in fact the potential candidates for Khelafat) far away? I was thinking that in such circumstances a wise decision would be to keep the potential candidates for khelafat close and in access. This is particularly important if we agree that Shora is the basis of the affairs after the holy prophet.

Imagine if the army had prepared a couple of days earlier and they had all gone to war. Then the prophet would pass away while almost none of his close companions where there. The main companions of the prophet were absent only for a short time and the leadership was going to be given to people (Ansar) who might not have been accepted later by the rest (Quraysh). What would have happened if the companions where far away near the boarders and then the remaining people wanted to choose a Khlifa among themselves.

Please explain the idea behind sending the army in that critical time.

On a side note, please also let me know the status of two companions, Abubakr and Ali with regrad to the army. It appears like Abubakr left the camp of the army soon and went to his place out of Madinah. Was this because he was excluded from the army by the prophet when he was ordered to lead the prayers? As for Ali, his name is mentioned no where with regard to Usama army. It appears as if he never joined the army, was he also excluded?

Answer:

Before coming to your specific question I would like to state that it would not be academically right to object to anything merely on the basis of assumptions. If we follow the course we can easily get to the answer as well. If we assume that the Prophet (sws) knew that he was going to die we can also add the fact to our assumption that he was told by the Almighty that the army…

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Ghazwah-e Hind

Please elaborate on Ghazwa-e-hind and comment on the ahadith that are often quoted in this regard.

Answer:

I have tried to find out the sources of the traditions. None of them is found in reliable sources like Bukhari, Muslim, Mu’atta etc. If we suppose them to be reliable they talk about an even that has happened already. They do not talk about Pakistanis fighting Indians. They talk about Arabs on an expedition to India and conquering it.



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Difference Between Jihad And Muharabah

May I ask what the crucial differences are between the Arabic words Jihad and Muharabah?

Answer:

A Muslim scholar, Javed Ahmad Ghamidi, has defined Muharabah in his work ‘Penal Law of Islam’ in the September 1999 issue of the journal in the following words:

Muharabah means that an individual or a group of individuals take the law into their own hands and openly challenge the system of justice which in accordance with the Shari‘ah is established in a piece of land. Consequently, under an Islamic government, all those criminals who commit…

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Question Of Jihad With Muslims

If a Muslim state attacks another Muslim state then defending the country obviously is Jihad for the Muslims of invaded country. In such a situation, what should be the stance of the Muslim soldiers of the invading army? What are they supposed to do if they find before them their Muslim brethren?

Answer:

Today, the only basis of Jihad endorsed by Islam is one that is against oppression and persecution. This is irrespective of the fact whether this oppression is being perpetrated by Muslims or non-Muslims.

As regards the situation you have referred to, it bears many possibilities. A Muslim is supposed to support the truth and support any move against oppression. It is obvious that a Muslim country is not always on the right. When the…

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Jihad For The Propagation Of Islam

Mr Javed Ahmad Ghamidi has written in his book Burhan that jihad for the propagation of the faith is confined to Prophet Muhammad (saw) and the Righteous Caliphs. He holds that we cannot wage war on a people to make them enter Islam after itmam-e hujjah. Please clarify.

Answer:

What you are referring to is the issue of Itmam al-Hujjah (completing all the evidences and reasons so that no excuse remains for rejecters of the truth) and the consequent punishment that comes to those who reject God after Itmam al-Hujjah.

It is the Sunnah of the Almighty to make Itmam Al-Hujjah to people through His messengers. Once this is done those who out of arrogance (i.e. while deep down being convinced) reject the message…

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When Does Jihad Become Obligatory For A Muslim?

What are the circumstances that make Jihad obligatory on a Muslim citizen? What is the punishment for not taking part in Jihad when it has become obligatory?

Answer:

As far as an individual is concerned, Jihad becomes compulsory upon him if both the following conditions are fulfilled:

i. The rulers give a call to each and every citizen of their country to participate in Jihad.16
ii. The individual himself is convinced that his rulers are waging war on the only legitimate basis on which war can now be waged: to uproot injustice and oppression perpetrated by a country. If a person is…

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Waging War Against The Disbelievers

The following Hadith states that we should fight people (which I presume refers to disbelievers):

I have been directed to fight against these people until they testify to the oneness of God and to the prophethood of Muhammad, establish the prayer and pay zakāh. (Muslim,No:22)
So are we required to kill all disbelievers?

Answer:

This inference is not correct. As explained by Ghamidi, people who deliberately reject the Messengers of God are punished in this world for this denial. While the polytheists among them are put to death the monotheists among them are subjugated into a life of submission.

This Hadith actually refers to the punishment that would be meted out to the polytheists of Arabia if they refuse to accept faith. In the usage of the Qur’an these…

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Spreading Islam By The Sword

In the early period of Islam, we find that the Islamic rule was extended by the Companions (rta) of the Prophet (sws) to a large part of the world. They conquered Persia, Rome, Egypt and many other countries of their times. My question is that why did they impose Islam on these countries? Why were they not given the option of accepting Islam if they wanted to?

Answer:

Indeed, it is generally held that the rise of Islam in the early period was due to a wave of ‘Arab Imperialism’ that shook the super powers of those times and forced them into submission. In an astounding series of conquests, country after country fell to the sword of Islam. It was not long before the Muslim empire stretched from the shores of the Mediterranean in the west to as far as Indonesia in the…

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