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Jihad In The Bible

What is the Biblical view on Jihad. Did the Prophet Moses (sws) and the Prophet Jesus (sws) wage Jihad in their times?

Answer:

As far as the Bible is concerned, while the Old Testament contains explicit directives on Jihad, the New Testament is devoid of them. The reason is that while the Prophet Moses (sws) was bestowed with political authority by the Almighty, the Prophet Jesus (sws) was not.

However, since the Bible we have today has been tampered with and is not available in its pure and un-interpolated form, it is necessary to interpret the directives of Jihad

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Is Qital A Lesser Jihad?

There is a persistent notion among many Muslims that fighting in the battlefield is something very inferior to fighting againstone’s desires.While the former is termed as Jihad-i-asghar (the lesser Jihad), the latter is called the Jihad-i-akbar (the greater Jihad). Does this mean that we should be more anxious to take part in Jihad-i-akbar?

Answer:

It is generally understood that the terms Jihad-i-akbar and Jihad-i-asghar are supposedly attributed to the Prophet (sws). However, this attribution does not have a sound basis. The chain of narrators of this narrative is very weak. Authorities of Hadīth like Ibn Hajar, Ibn Taymiyyah and Al-Bānī have convincingly challenged the authenticity of this narrative1. So, one can safely conclude that there is no such thing as a greater Jihad or a lesser one.

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Is Jihad Only For Self-Defence?

There are some scholars who believe that all wars fought by the Prophet of Islam were defensive. Muhammad (sws) never carried out unprovoked attacks. Please comment.

Answer:

There are indeed scholars who hold this view Sir Thomas Arnold is one prominent authority who holds this view. He writes:

There are no passages to be found in the Qur’an that in any way enjoin forcible conversion, and many that on the contrary limit propagandist efforts to preaching and persuasion. It has further been maintained that no passage in the Qur’an authorizes unprovoked attacks on unbelievers, and that, in accordance with such teaching, all…

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Weapons Of Mass Destruction

What does Islam says about nuclear and atomic warfare? I am asking this question because some Muslim countries have such weapons. Also can we keep such weapons as deterrents?

Answer:

According to the war ethics thatIslam upholds a Muslim state should wage war against the combatants among the enemy only. They have no right to target innocent civilians during a war. Consequently, weapons which cause mass destruction must never be used because they result in the death of civilians.

Keeping such weapons as deterrents should also be avoided because as part of wartime ethics, it should be a declared policy of Muslim states that come what…

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Suicide Bombers

To what extent is suicide bombing allowed by Islam? Is not suicide, whatever the reason maybe, prohibited in Islam? Is killing people in market places including women, children and old people through suicide permitted in Islam? If yes, then to what extent. We have recently seen such events in Kashmir and now very much in Palestine.

Answer:

Individuals and groups who carry out this activity against innocent civilians, as seems to be the case in Kashmir and Palestine, are doing something which is totally prohibited. No individual or group has been given the right to take human life. Only a state has this authority. And a state too has this authority over the combatants of an enemy against which war has been openly declared. Clandestine suicidal attacks against a country with which…

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Serving In The Army Of A Non-Muslim Country

I am serving in the British Armed Forces. Recently, I have become a practicing Muslim. My concern is about the legality of my job from the Islamic point of view. Also, as a worst case scenario, I would like to know the duties Islam imposes on me in case Britain some day decides to attack a Muslim country. Would I be required to resign at that time? Conversely, if a Muslim country attacks Britain, what should I do?

Answer:

In principle, you can serve in the army of any country whether Muslim or non-Muslim if you are freely able to practice your religion. Such a job is perfectly legal from the Islamic point of view.

In the extreme situation you have mentioned, the following points should help you in taking a decision:
1. If you are bound in a contract with your employer to perform certain duties in case of war, you must…

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Belligerence Of Muslim Minorities

I am living in the US for the last two decades. I want to know the rights and duties Islam imposes on me. What should I do if I am asked by the government to do something that is against Islam? Also am I not required by Islam to strive and wage Jihad, if required, to establish an Islamic state wherever I live? I have been told that this is my religious obligation.

Answer:

Muslims like you who have settled in non-Muslim countries are bound in a contract of citizenship. They must always honour this contract while living in such areas. They should respect the laws and live peacefully. They are bound by Islam to abide by the terms and conditions of any contract they make and they must never violate them in the slightest way. Such violations according to Islam are totally forbidden and, in fact, amount to…

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No Jihad Without The State: View Of The Jurists

According to Ghamidi’s view, only a state has the right to wage war and no group or organization is allowed to do so. What is the opinion of other scholars in this matter?

Answer:

There is a consensus among all authorities of Islam that only an Islamic State has the authority to wage Jihad. This condition is so explicit and categorical that all the scholars of this ummah unanimously uphold it. Sayyid Sābiq, while referring to this consensus, writes:

من الفروض الكفائية ما يشترط فيه الحاكم مثل: الجهاد وإقامة الحدود
Among collective obligations, there is a category for which the existence of a ruler is…

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