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Japanese Gardening (Bonsai)

I am extremely fond of the Japanese art of gardening called Bonsai. Kindly inform if this is perfectly acceptable in Islam to cut and crop a huge size tree in a miniature form.

Answer:

There is nothing with the type of gardening you have referred to. God has made and put trees and other creations for the service of man. Man is allowed to use them according to his will. We cannot declare any such use disallowed until and unless there is some moral concern which I do not see in this case.



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Gender Reassignment Surgery

I want to know that what does Islam say about Gender Reassignment Surgery. Is it prohibited in Islam? Can men or women go for this surgery and in what circumstances?

Answer:

Islamic Sharī‘ah has not dealt with the matter of changing sex. We can though form an opinion on the issue according to the guidance provided in the Sharī‘ah, basic moral values and innate guidance.

You would agree that for a normal human being desire to change ‘sex’ is absent. Men and women both naturally pride themselves on being what they are; they think about the interests and rights of other members of their respective sexes: the…

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Following Wrong With True Intentions

My question is that, if someone studies Qur’an and Sunnah without any prejudice, bias or any such ailment and after studying if he reaches to a wrong conclusion and follows it for his whole life (because he thinks it is right and according to Qur’an and Sunnah), then would he be punished for following something wrong, which he thought was according to Qur’an and Sunnah? For example, we have Muslim brothers and sisters who prove from Qur’an and Ahadith that asking help from religious scholars and Prophet (sws) is right whereas they are doing one form of shirk (if we consider their action wrong). Now although their intentions are not wrong but they are doing a grave sin because they think it is in accord with Qur’an and Sunnah and their intentions are right.

Now if we say that because they did not have bias or prejudice and their intentions were right then what about scholars or llamas, because of whose preaching, thousands of people might have been doing a wrong act in their whole lives. For example, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiyani, now will he be forgiven if he would have a bias less, unprejudiced approach towards religion and still he might have reached the conclusions which he reached? Even because of him millions of people went astray. I mean if a person reached a certain conclusion (which was actually wrong) with a right approach, but because of him a lot of people went astray, would he be forgiven, punished or what?

Answer:

In principle the proposition you have offered is correct. Everyone is required to follow what he believes to be true after sincere thorough efforts to find the truth regardless of the conclusion. However, practically it is not possible for one who exerts his full efforts after acquiring requisite competence in the religious sciences to reach a conclusion that is totally against the basic teachings of Islam. It is possible that someone reaches a wrong conclusion…

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Magic And Evil Eye

I am facing many hurdles especially in my career like in my business and some other few matters from last 3 years. Some people say that you are a victim of black magic and evil eye. Whenever I am going to start some easy assignment I don’t know why I faces some hurdles.

Answer:

Allah Almighty has put us through test and trial in this worldly life. Therefore we at times face constant problems. No magic or jado can affect us we have trust in God and seek His refuge. Therefore, the best I can think is that you are being tested by God. Why does God test us through adversities? One of our colleagues has written on this topic. The Ebook of the book can be downloaded from:…

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Effects Of Some Magical Words

My sister has come across a group within the Christian community who are spreading some kind of words. They say that they will relieve all our problems. They are in some other language which they call God’s language. What should be one’s response to this? The group has also expanded itself across the country in many cities teaching Muslims those prayers, but they don’t tell you to stop practicing Islam. Please advice.

Answer:

The referred ‘words’ which are claimed to be God’s language have no foundation in our religious sources or any acknowledged discipline of the world. One should not listen to such fancies regardless of whether those who teach these charms be Muslims, Christians or adherent of any religion. The fact that they don’t teach any particular creed or don’t require others to stop practicing their religious practices does not make them true in their claim. It…

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Are Those Dying Of Epidemic Shaheed?

My wife died due to CA Ovary. I have read in the Sahih of Bukhari that if a patient dies due to abdomen problem he is "Shaheed". Can you please put some light on this?

Answer:

The traditions which tell us that people who die of some particular diseases or accidents are shaheed are not taken in literal sense. Taking them in literal sense does not correspond to the express teachings of the Qur'an. Therefore, we need to interpret them or keep them under consideration. We believe that shaheed as a term of Islamic religious literature is one who spends his life in the struggle of uplifting the word of God…

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Astrology

In some TV channels some astrologers offer predictions about the life and future of the people contacting them on the phone. They ask the callers to reveal their full name and date and place of birth. Then they claim to use this information to infer knowledge of the future of the callers. If they find that the future life of the caller is insecure they advise the latter to make it secure by the help of parituclaru Qur’anic verses. I wanted to learn whether this practice is inline with the Islamic teachings? Can a Muslim believe in these things?

Answer:

Islam does not discourage us form gaining any knowledge that can be useful for the humans. None can declare the discipline haraam as it has not been declare so in the basic sources of Islam. However, the discipline has not been recognized a scientific source of knowledge and therefore cannot be held useful for the development of human society and mental faculties of individuals. Unless and until the discipline is proved an acknowledged source of…

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Status Of Eunuchs

What is the status of eunuchs in the Islamic Shari‘ah. I mean if a eunuch wants to live in accordance with Islamic laws, what laws would apply to him: of men or of women? Moreover, should such a person live a whole life of sexual abstinence? If so, would it not be the toughest test given to a human being? Don’t you think, in most of such cases, the person might become faithless? Please place yourself in the position of such a person and suggest what should be the way to guide such people towards Islam.

Answer:

Specific directives regarding eunuchs have not been covered in the Islamic Shari‘ah. Muslim scholars can form an opinion on this matter keeping in view the spirit of the Shari‘ah. There are two major viewpoints regarding eunuchs. According to the first view, eunuchs will be dealt with according to their apparent traits of gender. If their physical traits relate mostly to males, for example having a beard, they would be considered male and vice versa. The…

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Hiding One’s Sins

I wanted to know how far is an adulterer or fornicator rightfully allowed to draw a veil across his misdeeds? If someone questions him whether he has committed adultery or fornication, for instance, is it permissible for him to lie to hide his sin? If he says that he chooses not to answer that question it is very likely that questioner will automatically understand that there is something wrong.

Answer:

It is desirable not to reveal such sins to others. The Holy Prophet (sws) would not willingly hear such voluntary confessions. If someone questions such a person he should try not to reveal the matter. However, if the matter has been brought before the court and he is questioned there, then he is not allowed to hide the truth.

The Prophet (sws) is reported to have said:
He among you who gets…

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Wearing Bangles

I was wondering whether non-golden bangles and necklaces are forbidden for males.

Answer:

I would like you to appreciate that the Islamic Shari‘ah has not forbidden Muslims from wearing gold in the first place. The AHadith ascribed to the Holy Prophet (sws) prohibiting men from use of gold are actually an application of another Qur’anic directive. The Holy Qur’an has clearly declared extravagance as condemnable because it is this habit, which eventually leads him to pomp and show. The Holy Prophet (sws) applied this directive to wearing of…

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Extending The Trousers Over The Ankles

Is it necessary to keep one's shalwar (lower garment) above one's ankles all the time or only when offering prayers?

Answer:

Please note that it is commonly believed that we must always keep the garments above the ankles. The practice is not supposed to be related only to the Prayer. Though the people generally tend to observe what they believe in while offering the Prayer and ignore it in routine.


In this regard there are two kinds of narratives ascribed to the Prophet (sws), A) the ones where he is reported to have condemned…

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Celebrating Birthdays

I have been told that celebrating birthdays is tantamount to innovation in the religion of God. The following saying of the Holy Prophet (sws) is quoted to prove this claim.

Whoever introduces anything into this matter of ours that does not belong to it shall have that action rejected. (Bukhari, Muslim).
In another version recorded by Muslim and by Bukhari, the wording is as follows:
Whoever performs a deed which is not in accord with our affairs, then that deed is rejected.

These people maintain that the Holy Prophet (sws) did not celebrate his birthday at all during his lifetime nor did he ever order it to be celebrated. He also did not teach this to his Companions (rta). Therefore, the rightly-guided caliphs and all of his Companions (rta) did not celebrate it. They were the most knowledgeable of the people concerning his Sunnah and they were the most beloved to the Holy Prophet (sws). Therefore, if one is supposed to celebrate the Holy Prophet (sws)’s birthday, this would have been made evident at their time. Similarly, not one of the scholars of the best generations celebrated his birthday nor did they order it to be done. The absence of the celebration with the Companions (rta) and the most learned scholars of the past would mean that such a celebration is not from the Law that Allah sent Muhammad (sws) with

Answer:

I humbly differ with the referred to opinion on the ground that the AHadith quoted to prove the notion do not lead to the conclusion. Let us consider the AHadith presented in favour of the opinion.

The words ‘into this matters of ours’ used in the first Hadith are worth pondering. These words clearly indicate that the Holy Prophet (sws) is talking about something specific. The same is the case with the second tradition.…

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Did Adam’s Children Intermarry?

Please can you tell me how world population grew when Adam and Eve were a single couple and their children brothers and sisters. What does the Qur’an and religious literature have to say on this issue? Did the children marry one another then? Is this not weird?

Answer:

The basic sources of divine origin don’t provide any information about the matter. The Holy Qur’an, reliable sayings of the Prophet (sws) and the Bible do not give any detail in this matter.

Obviously, the only possibility in this regard is the one you have pointed out. The progeny of Adam and Eve the first pair of human beings must have married one another.
As far as the legitimacy of marriage between siblings is concerned,…

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Can A Woman Change Her Last Name After Marriage?

Is changing the last name (or surname) by a woman after marriage to her husband's last name (or first/surname) unislamic? My wife wants to change her last name to my first name. I have come across few descriptions online where Qur’anic verses have been quoted and such change is deemed 'haram'. One such reference is:

Call them (adopted sons) by (the names of) their fathers, that is more just with Allaah. (al-Ahzaab 33:5]
And:
Whoever calls himself by other than his father’s name (or attributes himself to someone other than his father), will be cursed by Allah, the angels and all the people. (Reported by Ibn Maajah, 2599;
It should be made clear that my wife\'s current last name is NOT her father's name. Any light on this matter, which is extremely common and not widely discussed, will be highly appreciated.

Answer:

The verse and the hadith you have quoted connote that we cannot hide our original descent and claim ourselves by the name of other than our parents. This is not allowed. However, the custom of changing the name after marriage does not imply that the wife is claiming to be daughter of her husband. Therefore, the conclusion from these sources is not correct.



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Memorising The Holy Qur’an

My question is that what is the need and significance of Hifz-e-Quran these days. These days, the Quran has been saved in its best form; it has been saved on computers, CDs, hard disks and papers. There is no chance of any amendment/ forgery/ changes in the Quran now. Is there a need to do Hifz-e-Quran by heart? I believe that learning of the Quran by heart was only for a limited time (when there was shear need to save the Quran for future generations). Second part of my question is that what is the use of learning the Holy Quran by heart by 10-12 year old kids who are not adults (and are not able to decide what is good or bad for them)? Parents send such kids to madrassas without considering whether these kids are able to take this responsibility and whether they will be able to honour this responsibility all their lives. I have observed that many Huffaz forget the Quran when they enter the tough practical life. So what is the need and significance of putting this huge responsibility and burden on the shoulders of immature kids? Please note that I am also such a Hafiz who feels ashamed to confess that I have also forgotten the Quran and I feel extremely bad for that... What should I do?

Answer:

Even after the invention of these sources, memorization still remains the primary tool for preservation and transmission of the Qur'an since every cd, hard disk, codex etc needs the stamp of a hafiz to certify if the Qur'an has been correctly recorded in these mediums.

Moreover, memorization of the Qur'an establishes a living relationship of a hafiz with the Qur'an if he knows what he has memorized. This relationship of course cements his faith and…

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Were The Earliy Shari’ahs Deficient?

assalām-o-alaykum

Please refer to Q 42:13 which says that the same laws of religion were ordained for all the prophets. However, we keep hearing from the Islamic religious clergy that Sharī‘ah of Muḥammad is different, better and somehow more complete then the laws ordained for previous Prophets. I do not have any ready reference regarding the above claims by clergy but I recall hearing such assertions many times in the past. Could you please give your opinion on this subject?
Best Regards
S Manzoor

Answer:

I understand it would be better if we restricted to giving the most plausible view on the question without discussing parallel opinions in this regard.

Some Muslim scholars hold that according to the Qur'ān all the Prophets and Messengers that went before the Prophet Muhammad (sws) propagated the same religion. The Almighty says in the Holy Qur'an:
He enjoined on Noah, and which We have revealed to you; which We enjoined on Abraham, Moses and Jesus,…

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Does The Islamic Law Accept Revision According To The Changing Times And Needs

assalam-oalaykum

One of my peers told me that faith does not require proof or logic. So, if we agree that a particular law is ordained by Allah and/or ordained by Muhammad (sws) is the last word, the question again arises whether all the laws enforced by the Sharī‘ah are universal and everlasting, or for the Prophet's contemporary world. I am not an expert in the Sharī‘ah nor a studious follower of the tenets of Islam, I know for certain that even during Prophet's time, the laws were slowly and progressively evolved and so many changes were made by the Rightly Guided Caliphs (rāshidūn). Do you think that our practices need revision according to the changing times and needs; and should we try to segregate permanent, universal and ephemeral, local? Is any discussion on this line is on the anvil.

Example: Our Prophet had several wives but the law restricts to four. Either the law was temporary under a given circumstances or not applicable to all.

Answer:

We understand that it would not be accurate to say that the faith does not fit in reason. Islam accords to the nature. Its teachings are well established by human reason and understanding. However, the divine laws pertaining to matters where humans could not come to a decisive position are based on the Almighty's profound wisdom, and we may not be able to grasp the underlying wisdom of such laws. Take for example the matter…

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Keeping Dogs

I live in Australia and I keep a dog. Some Muslims brothers said that it is not allowable to keep the dog in one’s home because the mercy of God does not descend into that house. They quote the ḥadīth to support their claim. Please tell me is it true and can we keep a dog at home. Pleases note that the dog stays only at the backyard of the house.

Regards,

Salah

Answer:

Your friends are right in saying that there are Prophetic traditions which tell us that the angels do not enter the house in which there is a dog. However, there are equally authentic aḥādīth which tell us that dogs can be kept. Consider the following narrative.

عن عدي بن حاتم قال قلت يا رسول الله صلي الله عليه و سلم إني أرسل الكلاب المعلمة فيمسكن علي وأذكر اسم الله عليه فقال إذا…

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