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The Obligation To Do Charity

We are in the process of building a Mosque in our town. I have a few questions regarding this. We already have a Mosque but this new mosque is being built because the old mosque is mainly run by Arabs and apparently is not big enough. Now for fundraising the Imam chooses several Ramadan nights and especially 27 Ramadan. A lot of people come to pray tarawih prayer but he holds tarawihs until after his speech which is a few hours and we loose significant portion of one of the most important nights of the year. Is it permissible?

He quotes hadith but changes interpretation to fit his purpose i.e. donation to the Mosque. He quoted the Prophet (sws) talk about a man or a woman who was a prostitute. He/she gave water to a thirsty dog and got all his or her sins forgiven. The Imam said if one donated to put water lines in the Mosque, will have his sins forgiven. He quoted another hadith which relates another event connected to a war. Hazrat Abu Bakr (rta) brought all things from his home and the Prophet (sws) told him to keep some for family but he said that Allah and His Prophet (sws) are enough for him. The Imam interpreted this to tell people that even if they cannot afford, they should donate and God will take care of that person's financial matters. What is our obligation in this as we know that he is misinterpreting Ahadith and is giving wrong impression to the ones who don't know, especially youth?

Answer:

The quotes the Imam presented of course do not form the basis of his appeal. There is no doubt in that it is an act of great virtue to donate for the mosque but the Qur’an has given a very clear solution to the question of limit of spending. It quotes the question of people who wanted what to give away in God's name. Then the Book itself responds by saying what is over and…

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Neglecting Obligations To Family

Is it wrong for a Muslim husband to leave his wife and kids at night after 12:00 pm midnight so he can be with his friends and stay with them for a few hours?

Answer:

This issue has not been discussed in the Shari'ah. The general teachings of Islam oblige a person to fulfill the rights of the spouse and the children. If one continually neglects the rights of the spouse and the children and stays out without purpose he may incur displeasure of God for ignoring the rights of the family members. However, there could be valid reasons and situations when one occasionally goes out. Time is not important…

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Generalization Of Hijab Directives In Surah Ahzab

I have heard a scholar saying that it is not desirable that a woman should leave her home unless extremely necessity. Under normal circumstances it might sound appropriate but I wish to know does Islam prevent a woman to leave her home on habitual basis? Does the Shari’ah allow a woman who is dressed according to Islamic regulations to leave her home to visit her parents, friends, or to a decent family restaurant? Or it would mean violation according to the Islamic law? There is a verse in the Qur’an addressed to Prophet's wives telling them to stay in their homes. Does it apply to all Muslim women or just the wives of Prophet? I wish to know how can it be sinful if a woman leaves her home even though while observing hijab?

Answer:

We believe that Islam does not prohibit women from leaving their house and interacting with the members of the opposite sex. They are only required to follow etiquette of interaction. There is no shari'ah directive prohibiting them from leaving their houses. For detail please refer to the following article which covers the Qur’anic directives in this regard. It also explains why the directives appearing in surah al-ahzab which asks the wives of the Prophet (sws)…

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An Ethical Issue

Nowadays doctors prescribe medicine of that company that pays them. Is it morally and religiously acceptable? Is this income haram or halal?

Answer:

It is not morally right for the doctors to accept gifts from such companies because their decision about a prescription can be influenced by this. Even if a doctor prescribes the medicine manufactured by that company when there is no other required medicine is available the intentions of the doctors become suspect and he can be held answerable by God. A God fearing doctor should never engage in this. When a doctor prescribes a medicine…

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The Right To Beat Wives

I am an Arab woman. I have found that you have mentioned on you website that husbands are allowed to beat their wives. I believe that this right is conditional. A husband can only validly punish his wife when she has committed adultery. Here again the husband has been advised to first counsel his wife wisely, then, at the second step, confine her in a room. If she does not correct herself then she can be mildly punished so that the beating does not leave a mark on her body. One wonders how brazenly ignore the divine laws and teach people what is not in accordance with the divine injunctions.

Answer:

I am sorry I could not understand how permission to beat the spouse relates only to the wife who commits zina? This is because there is nothing in the text which restricts the words of the verse to that meaning. I understand you must have a sound basis of your claim and am eager to learn if it has been missed by many Muslim scholars. I have learnt that if the wife commits zina and…

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Age Of Hazrat Ayisha (rta) At The Time Of Marriage And Da’wah

How to answer non-Muslims about marriage of Prophet (sws) with Hazrat Aisha ? Is rajam (stoning) an Islamic punishment justified in this modern era? What should be the attitude of Muslims towards homosexuals in this western society, where they are accepted by law and community?

Answer:

For our view on the age of Hazrat Aaeshah (rta) at the time of her marriage please refer to: http://www.understanding-islam.com/related/text.aspx?type=question&qid=375

And our view on the question of rajam can be studied at: http://www.monthly-renaissance.com/issue/content.aspx?id=444
We can adopt different approach to different persons. Out approach however should be guided and ruled by the principle of wise da'wah. We may not avoid and boycott such persons. Considering the motivations and attractions to such acts we should…

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Distributing Meat Of Offerings

1. Can we distribute all of the meat of the offerings to the poor, not keeping anything for ourselves and relatives? I mean is it alright if all of the meat is distributed to those who deserve irrespective of if they are relatives or strangers? 2. Can we distribute the meat of the sacrifice to non-Muslims and non-believers who are poor and deserving? 3. Is there any religious ruling that we have to give preference to Muslims over non-Muslims when distributing the meat? 4. If there are two persons equally deserving, one is Muslim and other is non Muslim, who should we give meat to? Please provide answers for all questions separately.

Answer:

Almost all your questions can be answered based on the verse 22:37 of the Qur'an about the meet of a sacrificed animal:

فَكُلُوا مِنْهَا وَأَطْعِمُوا الْقَانِعَ الْمُعْتَرَّ’

(So eat from it your selves and also feed those who are content and those who ask.
1. Since, the above verse has a permitting style and not an instructing style, to eat or not to eat from the meet of a sacrificed animal is…

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Watching Vulgar Movies And Songs

Are we allowed to watch Indian songs and English movies in which the performers are often half nude? If yes, how big sin is this? Is it a grave sin or a minor one? How can one prevent indulging in these sins? Though I offer my prayers regularly yet these things attract me very much. I just watch the song. I promise myself not to watch again but fall prey to the snares of Satan again and again. You know devil will not leave us to grave according to Islam.

Answer:

Watching a movie per se is not haram, however if the movie contains scenes or themes that pollute one's sole and heart then it will become haram to see those scenes or to be entertained with those themes. One of the important elements of taqwa in Islam is haya (to feel uncomfortable when facing a scene or situation that is not in accordance to modesty). Not observing this attitude can easily bring us to the…

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Is General Charity Rewarded More Than Prescribed Worship Rituals?

Recently I heard on a Pakistani channel the story of Rabi bin Suleiman who was going for Hajj, while in Kufa seeing the poor economic condition of a syed zadi, he gave all his belonging except what he needed to go back without performing Hajj. He was being told by Muhammad (sws) in his dream that God is pleased with him; an angel will perform Hajj every year for him till the Day of Judgment. Is this story true? If so, it contradicts the teaching. On one hand Hajj is obligatory while on the other hand serving poor is a kind act for the society. Can human rights take over the divine rights? Please guide.

Answer:

I cannot comment on the story because I have no proper reference to the origin of the story. Even if the report from Rabi' is authentic it is not a source of religious knowledge for us. In Islam only the teachings of the Prophet (sws) in the form of the Qur'an and the Sunnah form the sources of religious knowledge. Dreams are never a reliable source of divine knowledge. Anything including dreams contradicting the teachings…

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Ignoring The Rights Of The Fellow Humans

I live in an apartment in which every flat contributes a fix amount that enable the building union to pay salaries of six watchmen, a sweeper, a plumber, an electrician, a lift mechanic and office in charge. Union also pay expenses of maintaining lifts for residents, providing twenty-four hours water supply, electricity arrangements in the corridors, daily cleaning and all other matters. There are some residents who do not pay this contribution while a large number pay it assuming their responsibility. Members of the union do all this without taking any benefits or any money from the contribution they do just to please Allah Rab-ul-Izzat and well being of their neighbours. Are the people who are not paying comes under violation of Huquq-ul-Ibad in which one is not paying but enjoying all the benefits at the cost of other residents? If no, what is the Islamic preaching in this special scenario for the ones paying and those not paying?

Answer:

We believe that all tacit and express agreements are to be honoured. Those who just enjoy the facilities and do not pay what is due on them are violating the rights of the fellow humans and the commands of God Almighty. They should be warned of the consequences of the wrong they are doing. As for those who pay on behalf of such delinquents they will be rewarded by God on their good work.



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Secret Marriages

I wanted to know the Islamic stance on court marriages and secret marriages. Besides, how would you comment on a marriage concluded:

1. with free mutual consent of both parties

2. in the presence of two male witnesses

3. by offer and acceptance BUT a. without the permission of Guardian and b. with the intention of keeping the marriage secret until the man becomes financially sound.

Please also note that both of the spouses keep their marriage secret because they cannot get married for 2 or 3 years and they often meet each other. So in order not to be sinful, they enter into nikah. Please be specific regarding the hukm (ruling) whether it is Halal, Haram, Batil, Fasid, Makrooh.

Answer:

Marriage has to be announced in a society at all costs otherwise it can potentially damage the repute of the man and woman. Secret marriages must not take place. In fact, nikah in itself encompasses an open announcement that it has taken place.

However, once a marriage has taken place in this fashion, it is up to a court of law to decide whether it should continue or be annulled keeping in view all the…

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Acts Leading To Adultery

I am a happily married woman. I practice Islam. A couple of years while being married I came close to an unrelated friend at work. We did not have sex but our sexual parts somehow touched. I was alarmed and hurried to save my chastity. I have ever since been repentant. What I want to know is whether that act is zina? I repent everyday and I feel nasty and horrible for what I did. I can barely look at my lovely husband without feeling horrible. O Allah forgive me! What can I do?

Answer:

Thank you for writing to us. Legally and technically the acts you committed are not considered zina. However, as is obvious from the gravity of the act as you yourself can feel, it is almost equal to the crime. There are acts which show put us directly into the crime. Such acts too are forbidden as a preventive measure. This is in Muslim culture women do not mix freely with men. It is the mercy…

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A Prophetic Tradition About Music

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, that there will be a time in his Ummah when four things will be sought to become lawful including, fornication, silk, alcohol and the musical instruments. I don't recall the correct wording. Anyway, most of the people (scholars) quote this particular Ḥadīth in the argument that music is haraam, saying that since the phrase "musical instruments" has come along with the other three forbidden items, how could it be allowed. They also say that in the particular hadith, the wording is such that it says "people will seek to make lawful…." They say that one can seek to make lawful only that which is unlawful. I tend to agree with their reasoning. The only thing that is required is the actual context of this particular hadith. If you can give me the context of this particular Ḥadīth to mean that music is not haraam in generality, that would tremendously satisfy me

Answer:

The text of the ḥadīth under discussion follows:

وقال هشام بن عمار حدثنا صدقة بن خالد حدثنا عبد الرحمن بن يزيد بن جابر حدثنا عطية بن قيس الكلابي حدثنا عبد الرحمن بن غنم الأشعري قال حدثني أبو عامر أو أبو مالك الأشعري والله ما كذبني سمع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول ليكونن من أمتي أقوام يستحلون الحر والحرير والخمر والمعازف

There will be (at some future time) people from my Ummah…

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Unfounded Accusations

Could you please elaborate on what Islam has to say about a person or persons who wrongfully blame a person of wrongdoing or an immoral act?

Answer:

Obviously no sane person would say that such an act should be condoned. Islam however, prescribes punishment for some of the serious allegations that are labelled against someone falsely to harm his repute. Take for example the matter of Qazaf. Qazaf is to slander someone of having extra marital sexual relationship. If it is proved that someone has falsely accused a person of repute he must be punished. The holy Qur’an says:

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Paying Fidyah For The Obligations Of A Deceased Parent

I want to ask whether the children of a deceased person can fast on his behalf or pay fidyah for the fast he failed to observe. The deceased did not fast during Ramadan except for a few years in his lifetime. And when he realized he should he was no more able to accomplish that due to severe illness. Now his children want to keep fasts on his behalf or pay the fidyah. Is that possible for them? Will the deceased get the reward and be exonerated from his failure to fulfil this important religious duty?

Answer:

The Shari’ah allows the sick and the traveller to leave the fast. However, one is obliged to complete the count once one has recovered from the illness or have returned from the journey. If a man is forced to leave the fast for many years and intends to fulfil the obligation after recovery but does not find enough respite and dies then he is not held accountable. God Almighty decides such matters considering the intentions…

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Duty To Parents And Family

My parents back in Pakistan, after the marriage of my sisters, are on their own now. I live in America with both my wife and a son. Recently, I have decided to move back to Pakistan to better serve my parents. I also wish to raise my family in a country where I have a sense of religious and cultural belonging. All my Pakistani friends are discouraging me to move, but I have been ignoring them so far. Political situation in Pakistan is going from bad to worse. There is fear in the heart and logical reasoning in the mind. I feel that I am risking the lives of both my wife and my son for the duty towards my parents. Sometimes, I think of moving to a modern Islamic country such as Malaysia and bringing my parents there. But I know that my parents, at this stage of their lives, would not be able to assimilate to the norms of a new country and therefore, would mentally suffer. I am a man of justice. Please help me do justice with both my family and my parents simultaneously. Should I move to Pakistan or help my parents move to Malaysia where I could serve them while providing due care to both my wife and son.

Answer:

Your predicament is shared by every second family whose children are living abroad. It is quite difficult to give a categorical opinion on this issue because of so many variable and at times uncontrollable factors. Additionally, each person and family is living in different circumstances.

However, the bottom line is the same as what you have felt and understood. Parents in old age need to be repaid even though very partially by giving them time…

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Hiding One’s Sins

I wanted to know how far is an adulterer or fornicator rightfully allowed to draw a veil across his misdeeds? If someone questions him whether he has committed adultery or fornication, for instance, is it permissible for him to lie to hide his sin? If he says that he chooses not to answer that question it is very likely that questioner will automatically understand that there is something wrong.

Answer:

It is desirable not to reveal such sins to others. The Holy Prophet (sws) would not willingly hear such voluntary confessions. If someone questions such a person he should try not to reveal the matter. However, if the matter has been brought before the court and he is questioned there, then he is not allowed to hide the truth.

The Prophet (sws) is reported to have said:
He among you who gets…

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Wearing Bangles

I was wondering whether non-golden bangles and necklaces are forbidden for males.

Answer:

I would like you to appreciate that the Islamic Shari‘ah has not forbidden Muslims from wearing gold in the first place. The AHadith ascribed to the Holy Prophet (sws) prohibiting men from use of gold are actually an application of another Qur’anic directive. The Holy Qur’an has clearly declared extravagance as condemnable because it is this habit, which eventually leads him to pomp and show. The Holy Prophet (sws) applied this directive to wearing of…

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Extending The Trousers Over The Ankles

Is it necessary to keep one's shalwar (lower garment) above one's ankles all the time or only when offering prayers?

Answer:

Please note that it is commonly believed that we must always keep the garments above the ankles. The practice is not supposed to be related only to the Prayer. Though the people generally tend to observe what they believe in while offering the Prayer and ignore it in routine.


In this regard there are two kinds of narratives ascribed to the Prophet (sws), A) the ones where he is reported to have condemned…

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Organ Donation

I have learnt that we cannot donate organ. This view is based on an express Prophetic statement. According to a narrative in the Sahih of Bukhari the Prophet (sws) said that cutting a part of a dead body amounts to cutting a part of living human.

Besides we know that the human body is an amanat (trust) of God to a human being. At the end of his life, a believer should return this amanat as he received it form God. He is not allowed to donate what he does not own.

Answer:

The hadith you have quoted prohibits mutilating your enemy whom you kill even the ones you kill in the battle field while fighting in the way of God. Organ donation we believe is totally a different thing.

As for the view that it not allowable to an organ because our body is amanat of God which we must return to Him in the form we received, we believe that the conclusion does not follow…

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