Sufi Karāmāt

After a deep study of Tazkia-e-nafs by Amin Ahsan Islahi and Burhan by Javed Aḥmad Ghamidi I am clear about tassawuf. But just want to know the exact nature of the karāmāt because if people get benefit from them then is it not good? What is the difference in the sufi karāmāt and spiritual experiences of yogi meditation?

Answer:

We have heard about many karāmāt (miracles) of the walīs and sufis but I am not sure about the authenticity of these things. I have never seen any such thing that could have helped the believers a lot. For example it would be a great karāmat today if someone forces unity among Muslims and does something to remove the evils and even the enemies. I don't believe that such a karāmat would ever occur. What…

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Taqleed And The Muslim Jurists

An argument proposed by the proponents of following the imāms is that they (the imams) took all of that (the religious knowledge) from the students of the companions (tabi’in) who received their instruction from the companions themselves, who received their instructions from the Lawgiver himself, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, divinely protected from every mistake, who bore witness that the first three generations of Muslims would be ones of virtue and righteousness. Also, these Imams were from the best of the generations and thus are considered by the consensus to have reached human perfection. So, how can one say that following any one of these imams is not the right way?

Answer:

I am afraid it is not true. The imams do not profess that they are merely reporting the ijtihad done by the Prophet (sws) transmitted to them. If in a particular case we find the matter as such then it becomes subject to the analysis of historian who will find out whether the matter has been truly ascribed to the Prophet (sws) or not. We all know that the imams do their own ijtihad based…

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True Teachings Of Islam

We see across so many Muslims living in this world but most of them are either obeying only some of the teachings of Islam and some of them are in confliction with each other. What is the solution to make them aware of real teachings of Islam and how would we represent the Islamic views?

Answer:

We believe that it is the duty of the Muslim scholars to analyze the reasons why people fail to follow the religious teachings and what are the causes of sectarian conflicts. The scholars are obliged to present the religion in pure form and not to encourage sectarianism. Regretfully many scholars do the opposite. Their preaching is not based on the Qur'an but on the foundational principles of the school of thought they represent. We have…

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Moderate Islam

I am a Pakistani student currently perusing my Engineering in Italy. During the last decade out nation has been introduced to a new term "Moderate Islam". I want to know if as a Muslim, we are so confident about the brilliance and comprehensive nature of Islam as a religion, why do we have to look for such terms as "moderate" to save our face? Is it because the real "brilliant Islam" never existed in us and we have been following something else. And now that this "something else" is looking bad, we want to amend it thinking that we are amending Islam? If you agree with the idea that we have been following "something else", don't you think we are a nation as lost as other ummahs like Jews and christens. These ummahs got lost because they lost their books, we got lost because we lost the sense to comprehend our book even though the book is still the same. Please note that when I say "WE", I mean in both context the Muslims of INDO-PAK and Muslims in general.

Answer:

Yes indeed your observation seems correct. We Muslims are like a nation who has lost its soul. Terms such a "moderate Islam" or "fundamental Islam" or "radical Islam" all seem to be misnomers and reflect how much such labels bring us far away from the Islam found in the original sources of Islam. We do not need such labels as long as we have the book of God and the sunnah of the prophet (sws)…

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Offering Prayer According To The Shi’i Fiqh

I would to know if it is possible for me to pray like my would be husband who follows another religious denomination. We are trying to find a way to practise our religion in the same way, especially for our future children. Our main differences in praying are:

he doesn’t put his arms on his chest,
he doesn’t raise his finger while in "tashahhud" sitting and
he doesn’t say "amen" after al-fatihah.

In the shia beleif, doing these three things is not permitted. This would invalidate their prayer. Thus, my question is: As a sunni, is it permissible to me not to do them?

Answer:

Thank you for the email. We believe that since these practices are not obligatory part of the prayer they can be left. However, I do not understand why you would comply with the forms of prayers that they follow? If he has the right to offer prayer the way his fiqh school tells him why cannot you follow your understanding? This indicates to the problems that lie in intersect and interfaith marriages.



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Differing With The Majority Scholars

Mr Ghamidi has different opinions on various matters like music and beard. I follow his views because of his sound arguments. However, a question comes in my mind that I am rejecting majority opinion for one person's opinions Is it logical? Please clarify.

Answer:

We believe that after the Prophet (sws) no individual or group is immune to error. The views of the scholars is accepted or rejected on the basis of arguments from the basic sources of the religion. We may abandon a viewpoint for another sounder one. This decision should of course be based on knowledge and not bias.



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Schools Of Thought

I wanted to know your views on different (legal) schools of through. Which school of Islam is on right path?

Answer:

The sources of Islam, the Qur'an and the Sunnah, have been left for us in absolutely authentic form. Different scholars in the history of Islam have tried to understand the religion and present their understating. They do not differ over the basic sources, beliefs and practices. The differences occur in explanatory issues. They are academic rather than religious. Therefore, all of them are on the right path. It is not the question of truth and…

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Importance Of Taqleed

1. Some scholars say that taqleed is very important because the Holy Qur’an says: “If you don’t know ask the people of knowledge.” Can you cite the reference and its implication?

2. What is the exact definition of sahih hadith? Do only Sahih Muslim and Sahih Bukhari qualify to be called sahih? Are there any other books of hadith which are also called sahih?

Answer:

Regarding the issue of taqleed, the Quranic verse under question has been interpreted out of context. A simple reference to the context will show that it refers to the People of the Book and has no bearing on the issue of taqleed.

The word sahih in Sahih Bukhari or Sahih Muslim is a term and does not refer to the Urdu meaning of something being correct. It refers to those ahadith which conform to 5 standards:…

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Coexistence Of The Muslim Sects

I wonder how would Sunnis and Shia's get along in an Islamic government, especially when comes to selecting a leader? I am sure that there is no clear answer but I would like to read your insight on the matter. What do you think will ultimately happen? Will one side concede to the other or will they learn to live in peace? Might they end up fighting to the death? How serious is this issue? I am not all together clear on the matter.

I would also like to ask about the Islamic sharia and whether or not an Islamic Government could function in a country of non-Muslims?

Answer:

I will confine myself to explaining the basic teachings of Islam on the issue. I would request you to try to apply it on different situations yourself. People adhering to different religions and sects have been and are getting along with each other in many countries. Shias and Sunnis should follow the example set by the companions of the Prophet (sws) after his death. Different groups were expecting the office to go to them. Aside…

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The Status Of Ahmadiyyat As A Religion

Ahmadiyat is rapidly spreading all over the world. Is it not a proof of its being a true religion?

Answer:

If we judge the truth on worldly success then what should we say about the prophets who were rejected and only a small number of people followed them. Success in this mortal world comes from different sources. Many Muslims are indulged in various polytheistic activities and consider themselves the most dominant party of the world. Is this enough proof of their righteousness? The Christians are still the majority of the world and are also enjoying…

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The Four Schools

Can you explain what led to the forming of four sects in sunnis following the four Imams and how do these differ among each other.

Answer:

In the beginning we see that some of the Companions of the Prophet (sws) were more learned and had more insight into the religious texts than others. They distinguished themselves in the art of understanding and interpreting the sources texts. These people settled in different parts of the empire during the time of the period of the rightly guided Caliphs. People were attracted to them and asked them questions regarding their understanding of the religious…

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The Rashidoon Caliphs

My question is why there are only four khalifas and not a fifth one? Furthermore I would like to ask how I can best explain to an Ahmadi about the true religion.

Answer:

That the rightly guided caliphs are only four is a judgment of the believers. They think that only four of them followed the Prophet (sws) in the truest way. If someone today follows the Prophet (sws) in that sense he too would be considered khalifa e rashid. Many people hold that Umar b Abdul Aziz, an Umayyad caliph, was also also a rashid khalifah.

As for interaction with the Ahmadis I believe it is not…

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Sufi Practices

What is the status of the practice of celebratings urs of the dead sufi saints? Was this practice conventional during the lifetime of the Prophet (sws)? What did the Prophet (sws) use to do when he visted graves? Did the Khulafa-e Rashideen celebrate any urs for the Prophet (sws) after his passing away?

Answer:

The ideas of urs etc are product of the sufi doctrine that with their death humans join their primal origin, the God Almighty. That is why they celebrate the urs which literally means marriage and union. The Prophet (sws) and the Companions (rta) never celebrated urses.

The Prophet (sws) would only pray for the dead when passing by graveyards.



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A Clarification Regarding Dhikr

The question (What Exactly Constitutes Dhikr?) I asked originally referred to the practice of taking some time out from your worldly distractions, sitting down in some quiet place and doing nothing else but stating sentences that glorify and praise Allah.

I myself have done this many times, and have seen others do it too, so I know the practice is common. In fact in a mosque near to where I live, a group of people get together every sunday evening (because they're usually free on sundays) in the mosque, dim the lights, close the doors, and do nothing but Dhikr for an hour or two.
In the course of continuous Dhiker of this sort, it becomes difficult to force one's attention constantly to the meaning of what is being said. Being human, the mind wanders off.
What I was originally asking was that if the mind wanders in this kind of Dhiker, will that Dhiker still be rewarded, as it's utterance is mostly a mechanical act? Does such mechanical repetitions have any good effects spiritually or is the person just wasting his time?
Some people take this habit really far and do continous Dhiker (and here by Dhiker, I mean the utterance of statements glorifying and praising Allah) even when it's obvious that they're minds cannot be into it. Such people usually carry a tasbeeh around with them all the time and mechanically move the beads around. I tend to think that this is not the kind of Dhiker that is required of us.

Answer:

Islam has established certain norms and practices of worship. It does not restrict us doing Dhiker as much as we can but the kind of practice you referred to tends to form a new worship ritual which is strictly prohibited. We can not add anything to the prescribed forms of worship. It would be an innovation in the content of religion. Therefore you should avoid participating in such kind of gatherings. It would be better…

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Sufi Saints And Tasawwuf

If Sufism is not Islam then what should a Muslim's attitude should be about the great Sufis like Baba Frid Ganj Shakar, Khwaja Moinuddin Ajmeri, Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar kaaki and others?.

Answer:

Muslims should refrain from pronouncing any verdict regarding these great personalities. They should consign their matter to God and try to follow those of their teachings which they find in conformity with the Qur’an and Sunnah. Of course whenever they can, they should pray for their forgiveness.



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Working Under A Qadiani

Is it permissible to work in an organization which is owned by a Qadiani, whereas the organization is a manufacturing concern? I am asking this question as some Islamic scholars say that it is not permissible as Qadianis are working against Islam and spreading false ideas. And each Qadiani contribute to it's jamma’at.

Answer:

Islamic Shari'ah does not prohibit trade and business with the non-Muslims. It is known that the Prophet (sws) and his Companions (rta) did not avoid doing so themselves. Nor did they stop the believers to interact with the non-Muslims in these affairs. We have no basis to prohibit working in an organization owned by a qadiani.



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Status Of Qadianis

I want to learn what is Mr Ghamidi’s view regarding the second coming of Jesus who is believed to come and take care of humanity. I was born an ahmadi. I went through hell because of being ahmadi without ever really embracing it. My childhood started with “ahmadis are kafirs. And one who will call them Muslims, he will be called a Kafir too.I was ashamed of myself. 1974 was another year of indignity and humility. I am 53 years old with three grown up children. I am not going to ahmadia mosque for more than 3 years and my children are not really crazy about them either.

As you as always do - and if time permits - please give your opinion in the light of Qur’an and sunnah about Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, his teachings and his believers. Looking forward to hearing from you.

Answer:

We believe that teachings of Mr Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani are unfounded. His claim to be a prophet (of whatever sort) is not justified according to the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (sws). However, we do not have the right to declare those who believe in him as kaafirs (by kaafir here is meant someone who knowingly rejects the truth of being convinced of its veracity and therefore destined to punish eternal punishment in Hell in…

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Regarding Tasawwuf

Could you please provide me with the names of at least few books on tasawwuf/tareeqat/tazkiya mysticism that are based on the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah. I want to study such works as are very reasonable and logical. Which books are reasonable on this specific topic according to Farahi School?

Answer:

The scholars of the Farahi School believe that Tasawwuf is a parallel religion and almost all the Sufis and their works teach wahdah al-shahood or wahdah al-wujood which have no basis in Islam. For detail please refer to Mr Ghamidi's article on Tasawwuf on www.al-mawrid.org.

I can suggest only one book that I know treats the issues of tazkiya. Please read Amin Ahsan Islahi's Tazkiya-e Nafs. I hope it will be of great help.



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Marrying A Shi’i Woman

I am a sunni (hanafi) by default and not by choice or rationale. I have developed a liking for my cousin. She is shi’i. Before pursuing any formal legitimate relationship I researched the differences between the two denominations in detail. I concluded that the shi‘i and the sunni share the same basis of belief. It is only that some ahadith we accept and they reject. Contrarily, some other hadiths they accept which we reject. These differences have nothing to do with the religion itself. I seek your advice on that whether I should refrain pursuing my choice in front of my parents or take stand and try to convince them to help me. This may however, result in confrontation with my parents.

Answer:

Legally the shi‘i are Muslims and a shi‘i woman can be taken into marriage. However, they differ greatly in the basic beliefs and a believer conscious about his/her personal faith and beliefs and that of the children should think a little before taking a shi‘i woman into marriage. The difference between the shi‘i and the mainstream Islam is not confined to views on a few contradicting hadiths. Mainstream Islam does not stand on the hadith

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Arguments For Taqlid (conformism)

What are the arguments of those who think that one must blindly follow a jurist? What are your rebuttals to these arguments?

Answer:

Many arguments are forwarded by the proponents of Taqlid (Blind Following) in its favor. What follows is a critical appraisal of some of these arguments.

One of the arguments given is based on the following verse:
O you who believe, obey God and obey his messenger and those in authority. (4:59)
It is said that according to some of the scholars of the early times the words ‘those in authority’ refer to religious…

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