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Ilhaam

I beg to state that there are a few questions that keep me often on edge. Therefore I seek your kind advice to enlighten me about what is what. I shall be greatly beholden to you for your enlightened views to dissipate my long-standing confusion mentioned as under:
1. What is the reality of Alhaam or Ilhaam . It is generally believed that Alhaam is a direct link of Aulyaa Allah with God Almighty who receive direct intuition from God without involving any intermediary like Hazrat Jibrail as in the case of Prophets who used to wait for Wahee from Allah. The question is when the prophets are far above in the rank and status granted by Allah than the Pious men i.e. Auliyaa how come the Auliyaas are more competent or special entities to receive direct messages from Allah while the prophets selected by Allah Himself are left to wait for Jibrail to receive divine transmissions. This explanation does not appeal to my mind. Kindly inform me about the nitty-gritty of the actual affairs.

2. Who was Hazrat Luqmaan, a prophet, an wali, a selected wise man (equal to prophet) or what? And if he was not a prophet through what source he was advised by Allah to make shukr (gratitude) for according him the divine wisdom (Hikmat) as per Sura Luqmaan (31:13). Was he a wali and he did he receive instructions from Allah through Ilhaam or Alhaam.

Answer:

Let us imagine that there are supposed to be people after the Prophet (sws) who receive direct guidance from the Almighty and that we need to follow them in their guidance. Don’t you think that the Qur’an, being the complete and clear book of guidance, should have advised us about adherence to these valuable sources of guidance? The very fact that the Qur’an has not given us any such advice is evident to the fact…

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Difference Between The Shi’is And Sunnis

What is the original dogmatic fault Shi'is? What are the differences between the Shi'is and Sunnis?

Answer:

Allow me not to comment here about the false and truth and simply illustrate the difference between the Shia Muslims and the mainstream Muslims. The mainstream Muslims consider the only divine source of Islam, existing after the Prophet (sws) to be the Qur’an and Sunnah. However according to the Shia Muslims (the majority of them who are known as Imami Shia), beside the Qur’an there are twelve individuals from the generation of the Prophet (sws)…

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Slah Of The Shi’is

I have been researching all the differences between sunnis and shiites. Can you tell me how different are there ways of praying? Why do certain people view their kalima to be wrong considering a small addition at the end? I want my concepts to be clear as the masses view shiites as non-Muslims. Is there any relevant proof in document (a fatwa) that says otherwise about the shia school of thought is right in their own regard.

Answer:

I would like to first clarify two points about Shia:

1. No individual and no group has any authority to declare the followers of a sect of Islam, Non-Muslims. It is only the jurisdiction of the Muslim community, in its collective capacity, that may take such a decision. Even then, as long as the person believes in the fundamentals of Islam, reads his prayers and pays Zakah, then according to the Qur'an, he should be considered…

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Difference Between Shiites And Sunnis

I am trying to determine all the differences between sunnis and shiites. Can you tell me how different are their ways of praying? Why do certain people view as their kalima to be wrong as there is a small addition at the end of the shii version? I want my concepts to be clear as the masses view shiites as non-Muslims in many regards. Is there any relevant proof in document (a fatwa) that says that the shii school of thought is right?

Answer:

I would like to first clarify two points about Shia:

1. No individual or group has any authority to declare the followers of a sect of Islam, Non-Muslims. It is only the jurisdiction of the Muslim community, in its collective capacity, that may take such a decision. Even then, as long as the person believes in the fundamentals of Islam, reads his prayers and pays zakah, then according to the Qur'an, he should be considered a…

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Sufi Practices

What is the status of the practice of celebratings urs of the dead sufi saints? Was this practice conventional during the lifetime of the Prophet (sws)? What did the Prophet (sws) use to do when he visted graves? Did the Khulafa-e Rashideen celebrate any urs for the Prophet (sws) after his passing away?

Answer:

The ideas of urs etc are product of the sufi doctrine that with their death humans join their primal origin, the God Almighty. That is why they celebrate the urs which literally means marriage and union. The Prophet (sws) and the Companions (rta) never celebrated urses.

The Prophet (sws) would only pray for the dead when passing by graveyards.



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A Clarification Regarding Dhikr

The question (What Exactly Constitutes Dhikr?) I asked originally referred to the practice of taking some time out from your worldly distractions, sitting down in some quiet place and doing nothing else but stating sentences that glorify and praise Allah.

I myself have done this many times, and have seen others do it too, so I know the practice is common. In fact in a mosque near to where I live, a group of people get together every sunday evening (because they're usually free on sundays) in the mosque, dim the lights, close the doors, and do nothing but Dhikr for an hour or two.
In the course of continuous Dhiker of this sort, it becomes difficult to force one's attention constantly to the meaning of what is being said. Being human, the mind wanders off.
What I was originally asking was that if the mind wanders in this kind of Dhiker, will that Dhiker still be rewarded, as it's utterance is mostly a mechanical act? Does such mechanical repetitions have any good effects spiritually or is the person just wasting his time?
Some people take this habit really far and do continous Dhiker (and here by Dhiker, I mean the utterance of statements glorifying and praising Allah) even when it's obvious that they're minds cannot be into it. Such people usually carry a tasbeeh around with them all the time and mechanically move the beads around. I tend to think that this is not the kind of Dhiker that is required of us.

Answer:

Islam has established certain norms and practices of worship. It does not restrict us doing Dhiker as much as we can but the kind of practice you referred to tends to form a new worship ritual which is strictly prohibited. We can not add anything to the prescribed forms of worship. It would be an innovation in the content of religion. Therefore you should avoid participating in such kind of gatherings. It would be better…

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Regarding Hadrat Abu Talib

Kindly write detailed reply to my following question what do the scholars and muftis of the Islamic sharriah say regarding “Hadrat Abu Talib(RTA)”. Few people call him kafir and they also claim that the kuffar of Abu Talib is proved from clear quranic ayaat and sahih authentic ahadith. Anyone who considers Abu Talib a momin is munkir e quraan, munkir e ahadith and is extremely deviated/(gumraah) and is a rafizi shiite. But i’ve heard that many of the legendary Islamic scholars of the past believed that hazrat abu talib was a momin. Kindly issue a deciding fatwa as to what is the true position of ahle sunnat wal jamaat regarding Hazrat Abu Talib. I will always be grateful to you for your kindness.

Answer:

We appreciate it if you use low case when writing to us as it is not easy to read an all capital question.

Whether Abu Talib was a believer or not has absolutely no religious significance for us. We will not be asked in the hereafter whether we believe that Abu Talib was a believer or a non-believer. Considering Abu Talib to be a believer or not does not make some one Kafir. This is merely…

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Three Prayers

I have some questions for your kind consideration. 1-Quran describes three times of prayer and the sunnah five times. Please put light in the light of shia argument by Holy Qur'an: Chapter 17, Verse 78). 2-If bidah in every religious practice is not in a way as sanctioned by Prophet (sws) so how would you justify the religious practices sanctioned by Hazrat Umar? Like addition in azan-e-fajar, praising the Congregational Prayer of tarawi and second azan in juma prayer? 3-If hijab is only covering chest as mentioned in Quran so it means women can wear short skirts, sleeveless garments and shake hand with men and how would you comment if you do not consider the covering whole body except face, hands and feet as perpetual religious practice of Muslim women (sunnah)? 4-How would you comment on the expansion of Muslim empire in the regime of khulafa rashideen? Was it defensive jihad or offensive please give detailed answer?

Answer:

1. The fact is that this verse (17:78) and the verse of the Qur'an (11:114) that refer to times of prayers do not intend to specify the exact times of prayers (if this was the case, then these exact times were given so clearly that people could easily understand them. This is while there is no agreement between Shia and Sunni scholars about how these verses can be matched with the 5 (or 3) prayer…

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Sufi Saints And Tasawwuf

If Sufism is not Islam then what should a Muslim's attitude should be about the great Sufis like Baba Frid Ganj Shakar, Khwaja Moinuddin Ajmeri, Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar kaaki and others?.

Answer:

Muslims should refrain from pronouncing any verdict regarding these great personalities. They should consign their matter to God and try to follow those of their teachings which they find in conformity with the Qur’an and Sunnah. Of course whenever they can, they should pray for their forgiveness.



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Sons Of Hussayn B. Ali (rta)

I have read in one of your articles that two sons of Hazrat Ali's (rta) were called Usman and Abu Bakr. They were killed in Karbala. Kindly clear this issue giving the reference of some Shi‘i books.

Answer:

This is from among the known facts among the Shia scholars. For instance the very famous Shia Alim, Sheikh al-Mufid writes in Al-Irshad, the section on Tarikh Amir Al-Mumenin, Bab 4 under

ذکر اولاد امير المومنين عليه السلام و عددهم و اسمائهم و مختصر من اخبارهم و عمر و رقيه و العباس و جعفر و عثمان و عبدالله الشهداء مع اخيهم الحسين عليه السلام بطف کربلا ... و محمد الاصغر المکنی بابی بکر و…

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Working Under A Qadiani

Is it permissible to work in an organization which is owned by a Qadiani, whereas the organization is a manufacturing concern? I am asking this question as some Islamic scholars say that it is not permissible as Qadianis are working against Islam and spreading false ideas. And each Qadiani contribute to it's jamma’at.

Answer:

Islamic Shari'ah does not prohibit trade and business with the non-Muslims. It is known that the Prophet (sws) and his Companions (rta) did not avoid doing so themselves. Nor did they stop the believers to interact with the non-Muslims in these affairs. We have no basis to prohibit working in an organization owned by a qadiani.



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Status Of Qadianis

I want to learn what is Mr Ghamidi’s view regarding the second coming of Jesus who is believed to come and take care of humanity. I was born an ahmadi. I went through hell because of being ahmadi without ever really embracing it. My childhood started with “ahmadis are kafirs. And one who will call them Muslims, he will be called a Kafir too.I was ashamed of myself. 1974 was another year of indignity and humility. I am 53 years old with three grown up children. I am not going to ahmadia mosque for more than 3 years and my children are not really crazy about them either.

As you as always do - and if time permits - please give your opinion in the light of Qur’an and sunnah about Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, his teachings and his believers. Looking forward to hearing from you.

Answer:

We believe that teachings of Mr Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani are unfounded. His claim to be a prophet (of whatever sort) is not justified according to the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (sws). However, we do not have the right to declare those who believe in him as kaafirs (by kaafir here is meant someone who knowingly rejects the truth of being convinced of its veracity and therefore destined to punish eternal punishment in Hell in…

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Regarding Tasawwuf

Could you please provide me with the names of at least few books on tasawwuf/tareeqat/tazkiya mysticism that are based on the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah. I want to study such works as are very reasonable and logical. Which books are reasonable on this specific topic according to Farahi School?

Answer:

The scholars of the Farahi School believe that Tasawwuf is a parallel religion and almost all the Sufis and their works teach wahdah al-shahood or wahdah al-wujood which have no basis in Islam. For detail please refer to Mr Ghamidi's article on Tasawwuf on www.al-mawrid.org.

I can suggest only one book that I know treats the issues of tazkiya. Please read Amin Ahsan Islahi's Tazkiya-e Nafs. I hope it will be of great help.



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Marrying A Shi’i Woman

I am a sunni (hanafi) by default and not by choice or rationale. I have developed a liking for my cousin. She is shi’i. Before pursuing any formal legitimate relationship I researched the differences between the two denominations in detail. I concluded that the shi‘i and the sunni share the same basis of belief. It is only that some ahadith we accept and they reject. Contrarily, some other hadiths they accept which we reject. These differences have nothing to do with the religion itself. I seek your advice on that whether I should refrain pursuing my choice in front of my parents or take stand and try to convince them to help me. This may however, result in confrontation with my parents.

Answer:

Legally the shi‘i are Muslims and a shi‘i woman can be taken into marriage. However, they differ greatly in the basic beliefs and a believer conscious about his/her personal faith and beliefs and that of the children should think a little before taking a shi‘i woman into marriage. The difference between the shi‘i and the mainstream Islam is not confined to views on a few contradicting hadiths. Mainstream Islam does not stand on the hadith

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Matamdari And Azadari

What is origin of matam and azadari. What is origin of majlis? Do matam and majlis enjoy any religious basis or these are only cultural activities? Is it fair enough to term both matam and majlis into haram and halal category or one should not bother about this issue. In a relationship like marriage between sunni and shia one should make these things banned to other spouse or to stop him or her for doing this? Please guide.

Answer:

Even the learned Shia scholars agree that azadari and majlis in the way that is practiced in our era does not have a very long history and has never been part of the religion. This is nothing but obvious as we do not have any records of such type of azadari during the time of the Prophet (sws), companions or their followers. These practices have cultural and sometimes political roots and this is why in…

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Eid-e Mubahila

What is Eid-e-Mubahala and why only Shi’i celebrate it?

Answer:

There is no such a thing as Eid-e Mubahala promoted by the Prophet (sws) as the part of the religion. There are only two Eids in Islam: Eid al-Fitir and Eid al-Adh'ha, as it is evident from the Sunnah of the Prophet (sws).

Shi’i Muslims believe that the incident of Mubahala proves an extra ordinary religious position for Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain (rta). This is the incident in which the Prophet (sws) is ordered…

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Arguments For Taqlid (conformism)

What are the arguments of those who think that one must blindly follow a jurist? What are your rebuttals to these arguments?

Answer:

Many arguments are forwarded by the proponents of Taqlid (Blind Following) in its favor. What follows is a critical appraisal of some of these arguments.

One of the arguments given is based on the following verse:
O you who believe, obey God and obey his messenger and those in authority. (4:59)
It is said that according to some of the scholars of the early times the words ‘those in authority’ refer to religious…

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Shia Scholars And Science Of Hadith

1. What is the status of Imam Jafar Sadiq and Imam Musa Kazim as a Muhaddis / Narrator?

2. What is the status of Ahadith that are ascribed by Imam Jafar Sadiq and Imam Musa Kazim to the Prophet PBUH and to the Syedna Ali RA?

3. Did they proclaim themselves as Shia or they were wrongly associated with Shiaism by the followers?

Answer:

1. What is the status of Imam Jafar Sadiq and Imam Musa Kazim as a Muhaddis / Narrator?

The dominating view of the scholars of Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah is that they are both very reliable and in particular Imam Sadiq is counted among the best. Ibn Tayiya writes in Minhaj al-Sunnah about Imam Sadiq:

فإنّ جعفر بن محمد من أئمة الدین باتفاق أهل السنة

(Jafar ibn Muhammad is from among the leading…

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Daughters Of The Prophet (sws)

We have known from our childhood that our holy prophet (sws) had four daughters including Hazrat Fatima, Hazrat Um-e-Kulsoon, Hazrat Ruqaeeya and fourth one I am not sure Hazrat zainab (RA), but recently through one of my shia colleague I got to know that they have the faith that our Prophet had only one daughter Hazrat Fatima (RA). Can you refer to me the Ahadith from Sihah about correct numbers of their family members?

Answer:

We do not need any Hadith to tell us that the prophet (pbuh) had daughters other than Fatima (ra-ha). The Qur'an testifies to that:

يا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لِأَزْواجِكَ وَ بَناتِكَ وَ نِساءِ الْمُؤْمِنينَ يُدْنينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِنْ جَلاَبِيبِهِنَّ ذلِكَ أَدْنى‏ أَنْ يُعْرَفْنَ فَلا يُؤْذَيْنَ وَ كانَ اللَّهُ غَفُوراً رَحيما

"O Prophet! Say to your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers that they let down upon them their over…

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Who Are Ahmadis?

Who are Ahmadis? Do they believe that Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani is a nabi or mahdi? How can we rebut their claims about prophethood of Ghulam Ahmad?

Answer:

Ahamadis and Qadianis are believers in the divine origin of the teachings of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani (d 1908). Both the groups however, have different beliefs regarding Ghulam Ahmad's position and the position of the Muslims who rejected the claims of their religious leader. I would refer you to an article by Ahamdi's themselves about the difference in the position of both the parties: http://www.ahmadiyya.org/qadis/92-4.htm

One group believes that the said Mirza was a…

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