Identity Of An Adopted Child

I adopted a child of my wife's brother. I came to Saudi Arabia as an employee with my wife and my adopted child. For this purpose I marked the passport of my adopted child on my name. I admitted my adopted child in a school where all documentation completed with my name. In Pakistan I admitted my adopted child in a school with his real father name. I have completed child adoption process legally by family court in Pakistan. I have complete legal documentation but for going to Saudi Arabia they didn't accept. All my relatives know this my son is a adopted. My question is can I live with my adopted child in Saudi Arabia with my name or send him to back to Pakistan with my wife. So please give me complete guidance in the light of the Qura'n and Sunnah.

Answer:

I believe that since you have no intention to conceal the reality and have done your best in revealing the true parents of the boy you have adopted in Pakistan and since you have been forced to register him in your name by the country of your residence you are not committing a willful sin. If you have been forced by circumstances to adopt this act unwillingly you are not incurring a sin. God Almighty…

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Secular Lawmakers

We know that even in the Islamic countries the people who are often elected into the parliament are not of Islamic mind. They tend to be secular. Can we entrust them the responsibility to legislate for us according to the laws of the religion? How can give authority to a member of parliament to interpret Islam? It will be like the British Parliament which even passed homosexual laws? .How can ever a Islamic minded parliament established through vote? I believe a better option is the concept of Majlis e Shoorah introduced by General Zia Ul Haq in Pakistan or the institutes like Islamic Ideology Council.

Answer:

The question is that the collective matters of Muslims have to be decided with their mutual consent. And it is only the majority of the Muslim populace which elects the members of the parliament. If they choose people who do not consider the Islamic view much important they may not be voted in the office. If the Muslim populace decides to vote some party or person in the office it gives them the right to…

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Obligation To Migrate

It is said that verses 97-100 of Surah Al-Nisa make migration in the way of Allah obligatory on every Muslim living in a non-Muslim country except when one is living to preach Islam or is in great disgust finding no way out of it. I am a Pakistani living in Europe. What course should I adopt?

Answer:

A simple translation of the verse 97 follow:

Surely (as for) those whom the angels cause to die while they have been unjust to their souls (for they have been not openly declared their faith fearing the powerful persecutors), they shall say: In what state were you? They shall say: We were weak in the earth. They shall say: Was not Allah's earth spacious, so that you should have migrated therein? So these it is…

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Political Use Of The Term Shaheed

The term Shaheed is much in use these days in politics in Pakistan. While one understands that these are references to political Shahadat but those using this term ever so often attribute rewards for those who lay down their lives in the way of Allah rather for attainment of power. What would you say about these so called Shaheeds? Moreover, it is generally believed that a soldier dying in uniform e.g. Gen Zia and others are Shaheed in the religious sense. Is this a right concept?

Answer:

Shaheed, as a term of Islamic religious literature is one who spends his life in the struggle of uplifting the word of God and even sacrifices his life. Obviously this person must be obeying all the religious injunctions. Even then we cannot testify that such and such person got the status of Shaheed when he died in the battlefield fighting against the enemies of God since nobody could determine his true motives. We the Muslims…

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Rebellion

What is meant by rebellion?

Answer:

Rebellion does not mean simply falling into error and ignoring legal and moral laws of any institution rather it connotes challenging the authorities and openly defying them. It is persistence in rejection and defiance that renders an act into rebellion and enhances its severity. Therefore, in some instances a rebellious attitude may reflect itself in persistently ignoring less significant matters.



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Implementation Of The Sharia’h In Pakistan

Our religious scholars frequently issue a statement that the whole Pakistani population of 150 million desire an Islamic system. Is it not an exaggeration, definitely not based on reality? What is the moral standing of this statement?

Answer:

These are political statements, not worthy of discussion. Politicians frequently claim that a gathering had tens of thousands of people, whilst in reality there may only be a few hundreds. We are oblivious to moral standards during such exaggerations. One of the basis of piety in the Qur’an is to be absolutely truthful. Our public attitudes belie this. We frequently build a mountain of a molehill, and use slander just in order to criticise others…

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Implementation Of The Hudood Laws

Hudood Ordinance has been hotly discussed recently. People still are guilty of moral violations, the urban population being aware of it, the rural largely ignorant. Our local mosques and clerics too are culpable for this ignorance. If social education is the premise for establishment of shari‘ah, then will this ever happen in our current circumstances in Pakistan? Or will shari‘ah never be implemented?

Answer:

We are faced with two tasks, social education and formulating a legal framework based on the Divine guidance. Currently around 55 states profess Islam as their official religion, and therefore the legal representatives are bound to base any legal ruling on the Islamic principles. However, it is equally important that they educate the masses prior to the implementation. We should also ponder over the hesitation in the implementation of the Islamic laws, in spite of…

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Obligation To Form An Islamic State

I understand you hold that it is not obligatory for the believers to gather in number and fight for the rule of God. The question is how then do we ensure establishment of Allah's laws that were mentioned in the Quran, like inheritence law, law of divorce, law of punishment? What then is the wisdom behind Allah even giving these rules in the Quran? I believe in order to be able to practice all of Allahs laws we need to try and atleast give an effort to form an Islamic state, non-violently, rather than waiting for things to happen and do nothing about it?

Answer:

It is natural for believers to implement the laws of God when they attain power in a land. A ruler who claims to be a believer and rules the Muslims but does not implement the Sharia and instead introduces some paralell he is accountable to God. However, we are obliged to follow the law. In order to amend the law we need to spread the awareness among the masses in the country that the system…

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Khelafat After The Prophet (sws)

It is obvious that the issue of Khelafat was always a difficult issue in the history of Islam and one that affects Islam a lot:

  •  Immediately after the passing away of the Holy Prophet there were arguments and disagreements between some of the Sahabeh. The recording of history is controversy but as a whole it appears that it wasn't like every one was happy (at first at the beginning) with the Khelafat of Abu Bakr. Ansar wanted their own rep. Ali and Zubayr were not happy (as recorded in Bukhari), etc.
  •  The same problem was there between Moawiah and Hassan.
  •  Same between Yazid and Hussain.
  •  Same through out the history of Khelafat among Bani Omayyeh and Bani Abbas.
  •  Khalafat became like king-prince system and was corrupted.
  •  Finally Muslims lost their system of Khelafat.
Question is:
As we can see most of the problems that Muslims face these days are because of the lack of a system of Khelafat. As such it is difficult to agree that khelafat is only a political matter and not a religious one.
The Holy Prophet used to advise Muslims about what ever he thought they will need in future.
How come the Prophet was absolutely silent about the issue of Khelafat?
If not clearly appointing a person, at least why he did not advised Muslims about the system of assigning a Khalifh?
Some thing like:
"After me, do such and such and consider such and such and use this or that procedure to appoint a Khalifah"
Being the last Prophet whose nation supposed to be the strongest nation till the end of the world, isn't this (lack of direction about Khelfat) weird?
Every leader's concern near his dead is about the leadership system in his nation. We can see many examples in the history where successful leaders always established a system of leadership before their passing away.

Why the Holy Prophet (SWS) was an exception?

Answer:

The Shari`ah does not give details about all the spheres of human activity. Its main concern remains purification of human self. In matters other than worship, the Shari`ah only gives guidance in those spheres where the human mind was prone to making such errors of judgment which were likely to have a negative impact on the cleansing of the human mind, body or soul, whether at the individual or the collective level. The guidance of…

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Isn’t Democracy Against The Islamic Way Of Ruling?

In your earlier response, you wrote that Democracy is the recommended way of Islamic ruling according to the Quran. However, in yet another place, you wrote that a ruler is obliged to rule by Shariah otherwise he will be guilty of kufr. My question is, how will a ruler rule both by Shariah and also accept Democracy when the citizens of the country have no regard for Islamic values?

Answer:

In our replies we had asserted that the Holy Qur'an exhorts Muslims to adopt any form of government, consented by the citizens of the state. Any system, which fulfills this condition of free and active participation of the citizens in the process of running the state's affairs, can be adopted. Obviously this refers to a state where the majority of the citizens are true believers. Our statement that if a ruler openly and knowingly disobeys…

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Are Non-Muslims Kaafir

This question is regarding a Youtube link (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ioqkDE3PRk) addressed by Mr. Shezad Saleem about friendship with Christians. I want you to please explain to me that what does he mean by determining Jews and Christians as 'kafirs'?

Answer:

Some scholars and the generality consider the Jews and Christians and all the non-Muslims as kaafir. Mr Shehzad Saleem holds that we cannot declare someone kaafir to be definitely destined for Hell because we have no means to determine if they have rejected the truth knowingly. We cannot know whether they have disbelieved in Islam after being convinced of the veracity of the faith. There could be people who opt to ignore the faith because…

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Religious Centers Of The Non-Muslims

What do you say about construction of Hindu and Sikh temples? A Hindu friend has asked me why in Arab countries especially in Saudi Arabia Hindus are not allowed to construct their temples?


Is there any example in the Hadiths or historical sources which shows that Muslims allowed polytheists to make their temples?

Answer:

Since we know that the Prophet (sws) and the Rightly Guided caliphs allowed the non-Muslim citizens in the state to keep and maintain their temples and worship there, this also implies that they can build new temples for the same purpose. There is no prohibition in the Qur'an in this regard. We cannot comment on what a particular Muslim state implements its understanding of the divine laws. One thing is clear. The divine law and…

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Responsibility To Establish Islamic Political System

Mr. Ghamdi is hard at work, trying to promote Religious Darwinism. His total argument is “offer prayer, keep fast, pay zakah, do hujj and remember Allah. Do not try to establish or do not strive for an Islamic socio political economic system, but if it happens by itself then it is well and good.” This is a term like Darwin Theory of evolution that says: “Let things happen as they are happening and Islamic state may come in existence through evolution. We really do not have to interfere with social evolutionary process.” As if Mr. Iblees is sitting dormant or as if all the Socio political economic systems that have ruled the parts of the world in the past or in present came into existence on their own. It is to suppose that all the unbelievers who are milat-e wahida (singe community) will allow this natural evolution of Islamic Socio Economic Political system to happen on its own. To me this is flawed logic, basically telling the Muslims all we are required to do is to do our rituals and If Islamic state will come into existence by natural evolution then well and good, else just be it.

Answer:

Thank you for sharing your views. However, would it not be better to critically evaluate the arguments proffered by Ghamidi sb -- arguments drawn from the Holy Qur'an -- on the issue under discussion and point out their flaws?

Muslims should be very academic as well as sincere in their approach to religion. If we think that there is something wrong in a viewpoint then instead of emotional outbursts we should critically evaluate the opinion…

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Settling In A Non-Muslim State

I want to find out that can a Muslim live in a non-Muslim country (for example UK? A scholar holds that one’s prayer will not be accepted if one says in a non-Muslim country. He says that one can stay in non-Muslim country only for preaching Islam. Please advise me according to Mr Ghamidi’s research.

Answer:

Some scholars hold the view you have mentioned in the question. They usually base their view on the following verse of the Holy Qur'an:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَوَفَّاهُمُ الْمَلآئِكَةُ ظَالِمِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ قَالُواْ فِيمَ كُنتُمْ قَالُواْ كُنَّا مُسْتَضْعَفِينَ فِي الأَرْضِ قَالْوَاْ أَلَمْ تَكُنْ أَرْضُ اللّهِ وَاسِعَةً فَتُهَاجِرُواْ فِيهَا فَأُوْلَـئِكَ مَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَسَاءتْ مَصِيرًا

Surely (as for) those whom the angels cause to die while they have been unjust to their souls, they shall say: In…

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Islam And Democracy

Is democracy totally incongruent to Islam? On what grounds democracy and Islam can be shown to be equal and on which grounds these are mutually exclusive? I believe that democracy is the system of West whereas khilafat is the system of Islam. Democracy on the contrary, is based on the principle of "sovereignty of the people" as is evident from its very definition. Suppose if the parliament legalizes the consumption of alcohol we can’t stop them in a true democracy. But in Islam, we cannot allow the parliament to repeal any of the Islamic injunctions. This means that we are denying the foundational principles of democracy.

Another difference between the two systems is that democracy works on the principle that majority view has to prevail. Whereas in Islam we have Shoora which implies consensus within limits of the Qur’an and sunnah.
What is the use of finding democracy in Islam? Isn’t Islam itself is a perfect religion? Why do we have to show it compatible or equalling to democracy?

Answer:

We do not consider democracy to be a parallel religion. Democracy does not replace religions including Islam. We find democracy acceptable in Islam in the sense that it is the best form of dealing the political and administrative affairs of the humans. In a truly democratic system, the will of the majority rules. This means that if the believers, who accept the supremacy of the Qur'an and Sunnah, are in majority in a given state…

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Fake Certificates For Traveling Alone For Hajj

There is a general tendency nowadays to form groups by some agents for ‘Umrah. The problem with this method of ‘Umrah is that some of the ladies also want to perform ‘Umrah but they do not have a Mahram to accompany them. In the process, what the agents do is to declare some males in the group as Mahram of these ladies so that the official requirement is fulfilled. I wanted to know whether this kind of subterfuge is allowable in Islam. A good aspect of forming these groups could be that these groups consist of subgroups of ladies who then perform the ‘Umrah rituals quite satisfactorily and independently, which serve the real purpose of the company of a Mahram.

Answer:

Before commenting on your specific question I would like you to appreciate that the Islamic Shari‘ah has not held it compulsory for women to be accompanied by a Mahram during their travel to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah. We believe that some of the jurists have misconstrued a saying of the Holy Prophet (sws) in this regard. In our opinion, the Shari‘ah does not hinder women from performing Hajj without being accompanied by a Mahram relation.…

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On Appointment Of The First Caliph

Several ahadith approve Ali's (rta) khilafat. Abu Bakar's (rta) khilafat was either an accident or deliberation. And in the light of the above; was he a true khalifah al-Rasool? Was Muawiya's decision to appoint Yazid as his successor, legitimate especially in the presence of Hussayn?

Answer:

Khilafah of Abu Bakr Siddique (rta) was acknowledged by the entire community of the Companions of the Prophet (sws). The Companions as a community, could not have joined hands on deviating from the command of the Prophet (sws). The Holy Qur'an affirms their truthfulness and puts on them the huge responsibility of communicating the religion of God to the world. Since their veracity is confirmed by the Book of God we cannot claim they disregarded…

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