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The Holy Qur’an And Science

Many exegetes interpret the Qur'ānic verses scientifically. You claim that the Holy Qur'an is not a book of science. This is a book of religious guidance and we should study specifically with this point of view. What I want to know is that why should not we explain the verses scientifically that discuss scientific matters.

Answer:

Nobody can deny the fact that the Holy Qur'an is a prophetic book of admonition and its main subject is to provide knowledge of divine scheme and to teach the best manners to serve God. It does elaborate some aspects regarding the universe and the creation of mankind by God but its main target is to draw the attention of mankind towards their Lord and make them conceive His greatness. It has nothing to do…

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Challenge Of The Holy Qur’an

The verse 23 of Surah al-Baqarah (2) challenges man to create verse like the Holy Qur'an. Is it, God forbid, not possible for any human being to produce a false copy of the Holy Qur'an?

Answer:

We are in fourteenth century AH. The Holy Qur'an set this challenge almost fifteen centuries ago but nobody ever dared to bring about such thing as comparable to the Holy Qur'an. During this course of time, many of the people falsely claimed being divine prophets and some even presented the examples of what they called revelation. But in reality, their speech is so much different from the Holy Qur'an that it cannot be compared to…

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Du’āand Shirk, Three Divorces At A Time And Meaning Of Hudhud And Namlah

Please elaborate in the light of reliable ahādith the following issues:

i.Invocation and supplications
ii.Oblation and Sacrifice
iii.Three divorces in a single instance
iv.Hudhud
v.Namlah

Answer:

The Holy Prophet (sws) has frequently pointed out abhorrence of shirk, ascribing partners to God. This issue has been discussed repeatedly in the Holy Qur'an as well. All the three acts you have mentioned, when done to and for anyone other than God, are considered shirk. No need was felt to condemn these things in a prophetic narrative as they have been clearly defined in the Holy Qur'an in myriad styles. Their abhorrence might have…

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The Seven Heavens

And what about the seven heavens stated in the Qur’an?

Answer:

It does not contradict science at all. Rather, the Qur’an states this whole universe is a single heaven, thus stating a fact. We are still understanding this single heaven. Thus there are still further 6 heavens or universes in addition to this.

A lot of people focus on the statements of the Qur’an related to science. They do not realise that it is not a book of science. The scientific facts have been stated…

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Qur’an And Science

What is the confluence of Qur’an and science? For example again and again the Qur’an claims the heart to be the seat of decisions, whilst science has held the brain is responsible. Likewise, the Qur’an and Hadith refer to the seven heavens, whilst scientific proof contradicts it? Please elaborate.

Answer:

Scientific research has established the roles of different organs of the body and it has proved the brain to be the centre of human thought. Similarly, it has been established that the heart is not related to the thought process.

The Qur’an is a literary work, as opposed to a scientific one. It uses literary metaphors and addresses the hearts. Hence the use of the word “heart” as a seat of thought. As I…

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Was Woman Created From Adams’s Rib

I would also like to know about the concept of woman’s creation from man’s rib.

Answer:

This concept is baseless. Both man and woman originated from nafs-e-wahida, (from a single entity). The “rib origin theory” has been borrowed from the Bible. The rib has been used as a metaphor for feminine nature in various hadiths, which has been erroneously translated. The Prophet (sws) advised us to be gentle and chivalrous in dealings with the fairer sex because of their nature. The word rib has been used as a metaphor.



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Death And Ascension Of Jesus Christ (sws)

How can you be so sure from the Holy Quran that Hazrat Isa (sws) has indeed passed away and died a natural death? What is meant by "bul rafa'ah Allahu 'ilayhi "? Please clarify that how can you reject all the ahadith concerning the coming of Imam Mahdi? How can (or will He) Jesus Christ (sws) return after death? Qadianis say that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani came to settle the issue of the contradictory Ahadith regarding the Imam Mahdi etc. What is your take on this?

Answer:

"How can you be so sure from the Holy Quran that Hazrat Isa (sws) has indeed passed away and died a natural death?"

The Qur'an itself has informed us very clearly that Jesus (as) was given death before his body was taken to heaven. We read in Al-i Imran 3:55:
إِذْ قالَ اللَّهُ ياعيسى‏ إِنِّي مُتَوَفِّيكَ وَ رافِعُكَ إِلَيَّ وَ مُطَهِّرُكَ مِنَ الَّذينَكَفَرُوا وَ جاعِلُ الَّذينَ اتَّبَعُوكَ فَوْقَ الَّذينَ كَفَرُوا إِلى‏ يَوْمِالْقِيامَةِ…

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Al-Mashriqayn Wa Al-Maghibayn

What is the significance of two easts and two wests as indicated in Surah al-Rahman?

Answer:

In al-Rahman (verse 17) the words mashriqayn (literally two easts) and maghribayn (literally two wests) have been used to connote nothing but the east and the west. It does not mean that there are two or more easts and two or more wests. Some commentators held that "two easts" have been used to refer to the east in the summer and east in the winter. We believe it is not a very convincing explanation. The…

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Couples In The Hereafter

1) In Ayah 26 of Surah al-Noor, God says:


Wicked women are for wicked men. (Q 24:26)

A lot of exegetes like Maulana Shafi Usmani, Dr. Tahir and the author of Tafseer-e Sa’di have used the present tense as reflected in the above translation. Maulana Islahi however has used future tense which means that this ayah refers to people in the hereafter. Kindly explain this difference.

Nowadays a lot of people quote this ayah of Quran and argue that in this world a man will get a wife of his own moral character. If we accept this statement, then we can see a lot of couples which do not satisfy this Qur’anic verse. Kindly explain.

2) My second question is regarding veil for women. We notice that in western countries and some of the eastern countries as well, showing legs and even thighs is considered normal and people (men) are used to such dressing, (may be it does not provoke them the way it does to a person living in a country like Pakistan. So will the boundaries of pardah (as accepted in Pakistan covering the whole body) will be changed in such countries? This I ask because in those countries such dressing (for example, wearing shorts, keeping the shoulders naked, wearing quarter pants) is considered normal. A lot of Muslim girls also wear such dress in these countries by saying that here it is normal and nobody notices it. Kindly shed some light.

3) My third question is regarding democracy. In your opinion in democracy will the people have the right to make laws? And if not then how law will be made keeping the qur’anic directives in mind as well. Because in a society like Pakistan where the majority is less educated and at the same time there is a lot of western influence on our values, how would people be able to make decisions within qur’anic guidance?

Answer:

Here are my answers to your questions.
1. It is imperative to interpret a verse in the light of its context. The context is enough to show that that verse 26 of the surah relates to the Hereafter. A simple reading of verse 24 and 25 would be enough to show that it is Hereafter which is under discussion and not the Herein. Kindly look it up.
2. In the last few decades, promiscuity has become so…

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Relating To Moses’ Experience In Surah Al-Kahaf

What lessons should we derive from the story Of Moses and the wise man (supposed to be Khidr) in Surah Kahaf?

Answer:

The referred incident is God's way of teaching His prophet - Moses (sws) - some realities and requirements of faith in the Merciful, Wise, Omniscient and Omnipotent Creator. The incident has been mentioned in the Qur'an to teach the same lesson to the believers in the Prophet (sws).

The referred incident teaches us that we - humans - cannot, generally, understand the wisdom of the happenings before us. Our failure to comprehend the wisdom, mercy and…

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Prohibiting All Non-Muslims From Entering The Ka`bah

Verse 9:28 from the Qur'an reads:

O you who believe (in Allah's Oneness and in His Messenger (Muhammad SAW)! Verily, the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, and in the Message of Muhammad SAW) are Najasun (impure). So let them not come near Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) after this year, and if you fear poverty, Allah will enrich you if He will, out of His Bounty. Surely, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.

According to the idea of "Itmaam e Hujjah", it is not for man to declare another as 'kaafir'. How then can the disallowance of "non-Muslims" from entering the haram be justified today? And are we not denying them an experience of witnessing devotion and submission, to the One, at its best?

Answer:

You have rightly observed that the referred verses pertain to the addressees of the Messenger of Allah. However, the directive seems to be general in its implication. This generalization is because of the statement of the reason behind the directive in the referred verse.

It is said that it is their being polluted with the crime of polytheism that the polytheists should not even come near the Holy place. It should be noted that…

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Angels’ Question About The Conduct Of Humans

In reference to Surah Al-Baqrah verse 30, how did the angels predict that the proposed khalifah i.e. the human beings will shed blood on the earth; they are not possessed with the knowledge of the unseen ilm al-ghaib?

Answer:

The word khalifah which the God used for the new creation means "someone who has been given the freedom to exercise authority". Since the angels were well versed with what the word meant, they reckoned that this freedom given to human beings may amount to misuse of power and hence bloodshed.



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Authentic Commentaries Of The Holy Quran

Guide me a single book in relation to history that is least unbiased and give a proper view of all the sects. Secondly, what is your opinion about books of Tabari and Ibn e Khuldun? My second question is that it is said very often that there are more than three hundred narratives in favor or praise of Hazrat Ali but I have studied Quran according to my capacity which does not show anything like until and unless you ponder upon the commentary which is often biased by the sectarian views and those verses can be fitted to anybody not only to Hazrat Ali. What would you suggest about this matter? Whose commentary is reliable?

Answer:

The recording of history in Muslim scholarship unfortunately was not based on very scientific and systematic approach. Almost all of the books of history of Islam are collection of oral reports that have reached the author of the book with little attempt to verify their reliability. Many of the books of history in Islam do not even have accurate report of the chain of narrators of a historical event.

Accordingly it is not really easy…

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Context Of Situation And The Qur’an

Doesn’tQ. 5:101 subtly teach us that we need to know what was happening in the Prophet’s time while pondering over the Quran? It says: If you ask about them during the time the Qur’ān is being revealed these will be shown to you. (5:101) I ask this because it puts the condition of "while Qur’an is being revealed, they will be made manifest to you". So am I right in concluding that though we need to read the Holy Qur’an coherently, it is also incumbent upon the reader to keep the Prophet’s (sws) history in consistent reading along with the reading of the Quran because it is also the history of the Qur’an itself?

Answer:

I believe you are right in the view that we need to know the background of the Qur'anic revelations. However, we can rely on the historical reports that are well established and that do not contradict the Book of God. The Qur'an itself is the most perfect source of its history. We can often gauge the reports at its scale and see what it authentic and what is not. We cannot subject it to the…

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Implication Of The Word Zulm

Please explain in depth what is the real implication of the Arabic word ‘Zulm’ in the Holy Qur’an. A barrister friend of mine wants to comprehend ‘Zulm’ particularly in the Qur’anic context in sayings like Allah does not guide the ‘Zalimun’.

Answer:

The primary meaning of the word ‘Zulm’ is injustice and wrongdoing. The Holy Qur’an has applied the word to connote different acts because of a common characteristic of these acts. The words ‘Allah does not guide the Zalimun’ occur in the following verses of the Holy Qur’an: 2:258, 3:86, 5:51, 6:144, 9:19, 9:109, 28:50, 46:10, 61:7, 62:5. In all the instances, the real implication can only be ascertained after analyzing the context in which these…

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Why Did Allah Command The Angels To Prostrate Before Adam

I want to understand the widsom behind the divine command to the angels to prostrate themselves before Adam. We hear that Iblees was not one of them. Can you please help me?

Answer:

While commenting the relevent verses of Surah al-Baqarah Mr Ghamidi writes about the issue:

Bowing down before Adam (sws) was meant to pay respect to him and was done at the bidding of the Almighty. Consequently, there is no element of polytheism in it. It was for two reasons that the Almighty had tested the obedience of the angels in such a manner: firstly, real success does not depend upon the substance of one’s creation; whether…

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Taboot-e Sakeenah

Some people often hold that Taboot-e-Sakina, mentioned in the Qur’an (Q 2: 248), contained belongings of the Prophets. It was a symbol of blessings of God and Barakah. The Israelites used to get judgments from it during disputes. It is held that this example proves the fact that we can use particular things or persons as waseela (intermediary/intercessor) to approach God. They argue if things like amama (turban) and the Ark belonging to the Prophets can bring blessing of God then why not the graves of these personalities where their bodies are lying bring blessings? Please explain the true status of Taboot-e-sakina in the light of the Qur’an. What should be our belief towards it?

Answer:

We believe that the taboot-e sakeenah was given this position by God through the agency of the Prophets. We know that the Prophets continued to come among the Israelites. The position taboot gained was confirmed by the Prophets (sws). The Qur'an itself confirms its position (Q 2:248).

This status cannot be extended to everything belonging to the Prophets unless explicitly commanded by God in the basic sources of religious knowledge in Islam. We cannot…

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Creation Of Adam And Eve

I have the following questions regarding the creation of Adam and Eve that is mentioned in Surah al-Baqarah. What does the word ‘names’ occurring in the 2:30 refer to? God asked both the angels and Adam to name those things whereas He hadn’t taught the angels. How could the angels know the ‘names’ since they were kept in darkness? Testing angels implies that, like human beings, they too have freedom of argument, choice, and action. Then what’s the difference between angels and human beings apart from the fact that they are made from different material? Why was Adam first sent to Paradise when he could have been sent directly to earth?

Answer:

At the outset, it would be appropriate to understand the nature and context of the whole episode of creation as narrated by the Qur’an in Surah al-Baqarah.

The surah is addressed to the People of the Book and the purpose of the verses dealing with the creation of Adam and Eve is to depict the attitude the Jews had adopted towards Muhammad (sws). The Jews bitterly opposed the new message because of their arrogance and…

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A Scientific Error In The Qur’an?

My question is regarding the following verse of the Qur’an:

It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day: Each swims along in [its own] orbit [according to law]. (36:40)
The sun does not have an orbit. This is a proven scientific fact. Please clarify.

Answer:

The referred to verse does not provide a scientific explanation of the phenomenon of the solar system or anything else. Rather it only communicates that the sun cannot leave its path and the night cannot come earlier even a split second of its prescribed time.

The words ‘each swims along in [its own] orbit’ is not a very accurate translation of the Arabic words: ‘كُلّ فِي فَلَك يَسْبَحُوْن’ The word ‘فَلَك’ means ‘a prescribed path’…

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Meaning Of A Qur’anic Expression

What is meant by ‘Ma‘ishatan Danka’ in the verse 20:124?

Answer:

Below is given the text of the verse followed by a simple translation:

وَمَنْ أَعْرَضَ عَن ذِكْرِي فَإِنَّ لَهُ مَعِيشَةً ضَنكًا وَنَحْشُرُهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَعْمَى
(٢٠:١٢٤)
But he who turns away from remembrance of Me, his will be a narrow life, and I shall bring him blind to the assembly on the Day of Resurrection. (20:124)
The phrase ‘مَعِيشَةً ضَنكًا’ connotes a life full of difficulties and hardships. Amin Ahsan Islahi a famous exegete of the…

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