I read a passage in the Holy Qur’an recently which left me in confusion. When Satan disobeyed God, he was cast out of heaven. At that time, he says that he would misguide men on earth till the day of eternity. The way I understand it, Adam had not yet disobeyed God and man was still a part of heaven. How could Satan say that he would misguide men on earth when God has not yet sent Adam to Earth? Please help me in understanding this chronology.
Adam was not sent down to earth because of disobeying the Almighty. The Almighty had declared even before creating him:
And [remember] your Lord said to the angels: Lo! I have decided to create a in the earth. (2:29)
When Solomon (sws) asked his followers ‘who would bring the throne of Bilqis?’ An ‘Ifrit told him he will bring it before he rises from his place. However, a human being brought it to him in the blink of an eye. Will you please give me details on how the man did this?
I am afraid I will not be able to present the explanations offered by all the authorities on this matter. I will restrict myself to the most plausible and well-argued stance in this regard. First of all, I quote the relevant verse:
He [Solomon] said: O courtiers! Which of you will bring me her throne before they present themselves humbly before me? An ‘Ifrit [stalwart] from the Jinn said: I will bring…
Please explain the following verse of the Holy Qur’an: Call on your Lord humbly and secretly; surely He does not love those who exceed limits. (7:54-5)
To grasp the true message of the verse we need to study it in its proper context:
Lo! Your Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and then he mounted the throne. He covers the night with the day, which is in haste to follow it, and has made the sun and the moon and the stars subservient by His command. His verily is all creation and…
When Allāh decided to create Adam, how were angels able to tell that humans will commit “fasād fī al-arḍ”. Moreover Satan asked for respite till Day of Judgment. How was he able to know about that there would be a Day of Judgment?
Being a reasoning creature the angels inferred that a creature with the power of freedom of choice was definite to indulge in these activities. They drew that the use of power is not that simple. It could betray man from the right path. It doesn’t necessarily lead to the conclusion that the angels possess the knowledge of the hidden.
The Holy Qur’an states:
Muhammad (SAW) is not the father of any man amongst you, but he is the Prophet of Allah and khatam-al-nabiyyīn. (Q 33:40)
Kindly explain if he is not the father of any male child or man, then how could we justify the birth of His son who died in infancy? Your guidance in the matter shall be highly appreciated.
M. Atif Ghouri