Philosophy Of Animal Sacrifice On Eid

What is the philosophy of animal sacrifice? Can we spend in charity instead?

Answer:

Before I answer your question let me first point out that animal sacrifice is an optional worship ritual on ‘īd. It is not mandatory; however, it is highly desirable if its underlying philosophy and wisdom is understood.

Now coming to this philosophy:
There are many things which must not be taken on their face value; they have a deeper significance and philosophy. They symbolize certain realities and are not an end in themselves.…

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Zakah on Stocks

Please elaborate whether stock are zakatable? If yes, please tell the percentage to be applied if they are kept for capital appreciation? What would be the share value to be used for calculation i.e. cost or market value?

I have had shares for five years and never paid zakat on them, should I go back in time to calculate the cumulative amount to be paid on the same principle advised in responses to the questions above? If yes, what is the percentage to be applied?

Is a rental property zakatable? What value should be applied if there is no income left after paying the mandatory mortgage interest and other running expenses? Your guidance will be much appreciated. 

Answer:

Thank you for the email. We believe that the shares are included in the invested capital and are not zakatable. However, the dividend and other benefits they yield is subject to zakah. The dividends etc are to be zakated at the rate of ten percent, in the view of Mr Javed Ahmad Ghamidi.

As explained in question one above it is not zakatable. It is better to pay the zakat due. It would be…

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Miqat For Jeddah

If you are living in Madina and you go to Jeddah at your relatives house from where you decide to perform Umrah. You wear the ihram and then perform your umrah, so is this right.

Answer:

As for I know Dhu'l-Hulayfah is the miqat which is about 9 kilometers from Madinah and about 450 kilometers from Makkah. Dhu'l-Hulayfah is the miqat for those who live in Madinah and for those who approach Makkah from that direction.

Al-Johfa in the North-West for those going to Makkah from Jeddah. (Or, if it is difficult to go to Masjid-e-Johfa because of a valid reason, one can go to Rabigh, which is Mahaz-e-Miqat (in…

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Recitation In The Optional Prayer

Why do we recite surahs in only the first two rakats while offering the farz prayer but in all four while offering the sunnah prayer?

Answer:

The Prophet pbuh taught the prayer in this way that we read Surah Fatihah and a part of the Qur’an in the first two units and recite only surah fatihah in the last two units and do not recite the extra part of the Qur’an in these two units. Now the question is if it is obligatory to recite the qur’an over and above surah fatihah in the first two units? Will my prayer…

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Qurbani On Behalf Of Family Members

Can members of a happy household buy the sacrificial animal together even if any one of them is not financially capable?

Answer:

assalaam o alaykum

The offering is not compulsory for those who don’t afford it. However, it must remain clear a single qurbani is to be done by a single person if the animal is like goat etc. If the animal offered is the kind of camel, cow etc. then seven people can join. If you plan to buy sheep or goat jointly it would be on behalf of a single person. This is ritualistic…

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Nisab Of Qurbani

Ulama have said that if a woman has a tola of gold along with an amount of money will she be included in the nisab of qurbani? I also want to know what Ghamidi sahib has to say regarding the situation?

Answer:

assalaam o alaykum

Thank you for the email.

We believe that qurbani is an optional worship. There is no nisab for it after obtaining which one is obliged to offer the qurbani. Therefore, it is upon the individual to decide whether he can offer qurbani or not. If we understand the importance of the worship we can even take loan for it just as we take loan for other works of importance.



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Impure (Najis)

Is a dog's saliva najis? If a dog or its saliva touches your clothes, are we allowed to pray in that condition?

Answer:

assalaam o alaykum

Generally it is against the etiquette the believers have developed to keep such things easily and pray in the same clothes. However, it does not mean that saliva of dog is najas and impure and one cannot pray if it touches one’s garments. The reason is that the dogs killing the prey for us undoubtedly inflict the prey with their teeth. It entails that the saliva is mixed with the meat. Still we…

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Night Of Power For Different Regions

How is it possible to celebrate shab-e-qadr in one night throughout the world? Many countries start their fast a day before us. Please clarify.

Answer:

We believe that the timings are only related to us, the humans. They are not universal as Allah Almighty is beyond the limits of time and space. This issue can be understood in comparison to many other issues of the same nature as for example Allah Almighty descends to the world in the later part of night and asks if there is anyone seeking forgiveness. Similar is the case of the blessed nature of the…

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Vomiting During Fast

Does vomiting invalidate the fast?

Answer:

Vomiting during the fast does not invalidate the fast. However, if someone is sick and cannot complete his fast he may break it and make it up later as the Shari’ah allows the sick to leave the fast till the time he is better and he is obliged to complete the count later on



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Drinking Water During Fast

If one gets dehydrated due to fasting and has been advised to drink throughout the day due to his medical condition, what if this person keeps drinking during his Ramadan fast but avoid eating totally during the hours of fast and eats at normal Iftar time?

Answer:

The sick is allowed to leave the fast and complete it later one when he is well and healthy. He may drink and eat during the days he is not fasting. When the Shari’ah has given this allowance we do not need to break the fast and stop eating considering ourselves as fasting. This is not allowable according to the Shari’ah.



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Injection And Blood Extraction During Fast

Does injection or blood extraction invalidate the fast?

Answer:

We believe that blood extraction and injection do not invalidate the fast if the injection is simply and purely medicine and is not used to inject food, water and energy.



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Tooth-brushing During Fast

Does tooth-brushing with tooth-paste invalidates the fast?

Answer:

Thank you for writing to us. Brushing teeth during the fast does not affect the fast. Rather it is important to clean teeth.



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Concession In Fasting For The Sick

I am 24 years old boy who is under-weight for my age. I did my BMI and it showed that I am underweight for my age. The fast here is about 19 hours and when I am fasting I feel lazy all day and not able to do any kind of work. I am just lying down in bed all day and only getting up for the fard prayers. I was just wondering that if I don’t keep the fast in this month and keep them all in December when the days are shorter, will that be acceptable in Islam?

Answer:

The Shari’ah has given us some concessions in fasts. If we are sick we can leave the fasts to be made up later when we are healthy. It is upon you and the doctors to decide whether your condition allows fasting or not. If you believe that your health condition will deteriorate because of fasting you can leave it and make up the left over fasts later when you are able to fast.



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Concession In Fasting

I have a very specific question about fasting. I am a travelling salesperson. My daily average mileage is about 150 miles. During Ramadan, I have no problem keeping my fast and doing my normal routine - currently our fasts are about 19 hours, but I am still able to cope. However on a regular basis, I have to travel further and my daily drive can become closer to 300 miles or more, sometimes I am aware of the fact that I have a long journey, sometimes as the day progresses, I find myself further and further away and then have a long drive back home. Generally when I know I have a long drive, I do not keep a fast on that day, but what happens if my day starts with a fast, and then I find I am many hundred miles away, tired, even exhausted. Is it permissible for me to break my fast and what then do I have to do?

Answer:

You are allowed to break the fast when you realize that you are condition does not allow you to complete it. This is just as a person starts fast when he is healthy and sound but during the day suffers from a disease. He is allowed to break the fast.



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The Narrowly Missed Prayer In Menses

If my wife is in menses at the time of Zuhr and at the time of Asr she is clean, must she pray Zuhr as Qadah?

Answer:

The Shari`ah does not want us to count such things to the second. If a lady finds at the time of Asr that she is able to take a bath and offer the prayer, she should do so. If she finds that the bleeding had stopped at the time of zuhr and she could have taken the bath and prepared for the prayer which she neglected then she would be held responsible for neglecting the…

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Offering Only The Fard Ṣalāh

I have been watching your show in USA. I will appreciate if you can answer my following questions.

1. I work full time. When I come home I am totally exhausted. Is it okay to perform only
Fard ṣalāh (without Sunnat and Witer) and can I do Maghrib and Issha Namaz at the same time.

2. Is it okay to do Namaz with Nail polish on?

3. Can I make up for the missed ṣalāhs?

Answer:

1. The obligatory prayer is the only fard prayer. The rest of it is optional. If you offer the optional prayer you are highly rewarded but leaving it does not incur sin.

The basic obligation that we should try our best to fulfill is to pray in the due time. However, when there is no chance then instead of leaving the prayer altogether we can combine them. But this is originally allowed only when we…

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Paying Zakāh To A Deserving Brother

Four brothers are living in a rented house along with their parents. Two elder brothers contribute for running the house. One of them pays the rent and other pays for groceries and bills. The rent paying brother has a good job and pays regular rent of a joint house, other expenses of his wife and children and medical care of parents but the other one is not a man of means and always struggles to make both ends meet and buys groceries on loans from the shop keeper to fulfill his obligations in the combined family. This poor brother is now under debt to fulfill his responsibilities in the house for the past few months. Q.1. Now can the first brother pay-off the debt of his brother(s) to the grocery shop and utility bills from ZAKAT as he is already paying and helping his family more than other family members and also in a ZAKAT paying position?

Answer:

We believe it is not only allowable but good to spend the zakah on the near relatives. Many people dislike it but an independent brother is not our responsibility. When we contribute to them we are doing good, an act of piety, a form of worship to God. The nearest the person is to us the more rightful of our zakah he is. We believe even if one believes that one's brother or sister would…

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Foreplay While Fasting

Hope you are fine and enjoying the blessings of Allah Almighty. Here I want to ask a question about the atonement (Kaffāra) of Fast. My Question is that can a boy and a girl who are unmarried kiss and lie together during fast? What if they touch private parts? What will be the punishment and atonement (Kaffāra) of such acts?

Answer:

Fast is broken if someone enters sexual intercourse, eats or drinks. Any act that is intended to arouse and satisfy sexual gratification is included in sex. We are talking about sexual relations with legitimate life partners. Therefore, kissing and foreplay invalidates the fast even when carried out by married couple. This act committed by unrelated male and female adds other sins to breaking the fast.

Then there is also the essence of the worship ritual.…

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Loud Recitation In Individual Ṣalāh

If a person is saying his prayer alone can he recite the Qur’anb with a loud voice not so loud to disturb anyone and also with close eyes to seek concentration? I am asking about any of the five prayers.

Answer:

Ideally one whispers the recitation in individual ṣalāh. However, if one is alone he may slightly raise his voice in order to concentrate. It is not desirable that one closes one's eyes. Some even forbid it. But we believe for the sake of concentration that is required in the ṣalāh one may close his eyes.



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Islamic Calendar

Why should we call lunar calendar as Islamic calendar? Is it really Islamic or just lunar?

Answer:

Lunar Calendar is not Islamic. It is Muslim caendar. Islamic is something that is part of the religion. Time and its various units and divisions are not religious in nature. The Islamic sources had to refer to the times in the known terms in those days. This does not make those time marks Islamic.



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