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Paying Zakah In Advance

Is it possible to give Zakat in advance? For example, if someone's Zakat is Rs. 20,000 for this year, and they need to pay extra (for example, in order to help someone), and next year, just pay the balance, is that permissible? Or is the extra counted as non- Zakat charity and the next year, they have to start afresh.

Answer:

We believe that the correct view in this regard is that it is ok to pay zakah in advance. Following is a summary of the views of the scholars of the ummah on the issue summarized by Sayyid Sabiq in his Fiqh ul-Sunnah:

It is permissible for zakah to be paid for even two years in advance. al- Zuhri did not see any problem in paying his zakah before the hawl. al-Hasan was once asked if…

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Fidyah And Fasting

If someone does not want to fast in the month of Ramadan (not for health reasons), then can one do that by paying in the form of money or otherwise?

Answer:

We cannot leave fast for other than two reasons, disease and journey. In these cases we can leave the fast and complete the count afterwards. However, in the beginning the Qur’an allowed the people to leave fast and atone for missing a fast through specified method. It was also possible for the people who are travelling or are sick to give money or food against the left over fasts. Later on this permission was taken…

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Zakah And Debt

Do I have to pay zakah if I am in a lot of debt? If yes, what will be the percentage, keeping in mind 20% that I already pay to the government.

Answer:

If we are in debt but we do not plan to pay the debt for the time being we will be obliged to pay zakah on the assets at hand. Zakah on assets is 2.5% yearly. If you intend to pay debt first then you will first pay that and consider the remaining part of your assets as zakatable.



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Fasting While Away From Home

I am travelling to UK for twenty days. A few early fasts (12 to 14 fasts)of Ramadan will come during my stay there. Within UK I will also be roaming and travelling between cities. I think it will be difficult for me to keep my fast during my stay in UK as I will be in the outdoors most of the time so can I make up for these days after Eid?

Answer:

The Holy Qur'an allows us to leave fast when we are travelling. This means when you will be on journey you can leave the fasts and make them up later. However, when you are staying there in a center and are not travelling between the cities it would not be possible to leave fasts. You will be required by the Shari’ah to keep fasting when you are staying in a city and are not travelling.



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Obligation To Offer The Prayer In Arabic

In our city a Christian sister converted to Islam. Now salat five times is Fard on her but she cannot read it in Arabic. Even if she try to Pray in Arabic she doesn't understand. Can she read salat in English. If she is allowed then why not I should pray in urdu although I am born Muslim but still I cannot focus on the meanings while reading it in Arabic Language. Please give solid reason as I already do not agree with preservation of Islam in Arabic as what is the use of preservation when you cannot benefit from it. We should not worry about hifazat of Quran as ALLAH has already taken the responsibility. I am interested in solid reasoning from Quran and Ḥadīth.

Answer:

There are two parts to your question.

As far as the convert is concerned, she can begin with the rituals of the prayer which of course do not require any language. eg qiyam, ruku and sujud. At the same time she should start learning the essential utterances of the prayer which have to be said in Arabic. (all other utterances like for example dua before the fatiha recital and dua in the qa'da can be said…

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Hajj Or Jihad?

There is a ḥadīth in the Sahih of Bukhari which says that hajj has greater status than jihad. Does this ḥadīth not contradict all other hadiths on jihad? The Prophet (sws) put jihad third in good deeds after the salah (prayer) and serving parents.

Answer:

I understand you refer to the following narrative:

حدثنا‏‏عبدالرحمن بن المبارك‏‏ حدثنا‏‏خالد‏‏ أخبرنا‏‏حبيب بن أبي عمرة‏‏عن‏‏ عائشة بنت طلحة‏‏ عن‏‏ عائشة أم المؤمنين‏‏ رضي الله عنها‏‏ أنها قالت‏‏ يارسول الله نرى الجهاد أفضل العمل أفلا نجاهد قال‏‏ لالكن أفضل الجهاد حج‏‏ مبرور

Aaishah (rta) reported that once she asked the Prophet (sws), “We (women) consider Jihad the best of all (righteous) deeds. Shouldn’t we (also) fight (in the way of God)?” He replied, “No, (you…

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Disclosing Nature Of Charity

Is it necessary to tell a person that I am giving you this money as a charity from my sadaqa fund?

Answer:

Disclosing the nature of contribution to a brother and friend is not an issue. Nor is avoiding disclosing it illicit. This is because every such help granted to another person is sadaqah by definition. Sadaqah is but charity. When you help someone you are doing a charitable act. However, one should not seek any benefit from the person whom one helps. However, some people do not easily accept our help when we use the word…

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Umrah Vs Charity

If faced with a decision to perform Umrah or provide financial help to the poor and destitute (there are many in Pakistan) what is the right thing to do? Go for Umrah and make the hotel owners and airlines rich or help the poor?

Answer:

This has much to do with the situation one is faced at a particular instance. If there is a specific case that needs financial aid, then of course one can always prefer spending the umrah money on this need. In the absence of such cases which need immediate financial help, one can of course opt to go for 'umrah. 'Umrah of course is an optional ritual and one always has the liberty to make a…

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Salah And Eid Milad Al-Nabi

I have two questions to ask.

1. What is exactly meant by the Arabic word "salah" which we normally translate in Urdu as namaz?

2. What is the view of Mr Javed Ahmad Ghamidi about Eid Milad-un-Nabi?

Answer:

1. The word al-salah and its cognate terms are used to refer to the Muslim worship ritual. Persian and Urdu word namaz also refers to the same ritual.

2. As for the question of Milad please refer to: http://monthly-renaissance.com/Janq22y4.html



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Prayer During Menstruation

Allah Almighty has commanded us to perform salah in all circumstances. One is obliged to pray even one is on the death bed and even one has najasat on and one cannot find water. What about salah for menstruating women? The only thing Allah Almighty says about menstruation is in 2:222 and there too there is no mention of not praying during the cycle.

Answer:

There are two things that we need to consider in this regard.

1. The prayer is based on the sunnah. The Holy Qur'an only refers to it as a known practice in the society it addresses. We take the details and laws governing the ritual from the sunnah and not the Qur'an. The Prophet (sws) constituted this worship ritual and taught it to the entire generation of the Companions. They practiced it with their consensus and…

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Obsessive-compulsive Disorder And Practicing Religion

I am an OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder) patient. I know that conscience always tells you what is wrong and what is right but for me my conscience always tells me that whatever I do is wrong. This goes deep down in an issue and proves to me that I am wrong or whatever I am doing is a sin and sin of a very bigger nature. I am seeking a psychiatrist but since the disorder is always related to Islamic nature I thought that I should also ask a religious expert that what Islam says in this regard. What to do in order to realize what is actually wrong in Islam and what is not? One thing is that I keep on asking questions of whatever issue I get but the questions never stop in a case of mine.

Answer:

Compulsion to learn the religious stances it is very natural. You only need to learn a thing thoroughly and then do not entertain doubts in that. If you feel compelled to doubt something even after thorough search and research then it is a problem for which you have to take medical advice. As long as it remains within the natural limits it is ok but encouraged.



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Supplications After The Salah

The imam who leads the prayer, supplicates after the salah is completed. I personally prefer to recite supplications ascribed to the Prophet (sws) through reliable narrators. Some prayers have wahid mutakallim tense whereas Imam has to say dua for all namazeez using (plural) tense. Since for me it is difficult to change from singular to plural like Qalbi to Qulobuna and so on. So is it ok for imam to recite dua in wahid mutakallim tense.

Answer:

I believe we should pray to God in our own language so that we can put our needs. However, it is also good to use the supplications ascribed to the Prophet (sws). They express a need in the best possible way. I do not see any problem in saying the supplication in the first person singular. The Almighty knows that we are supplicating in in congregation and asking him for the good of all present.…

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Music And Worship Rituals

Brother if you could please let me know regarding the use of musical instruments during worship rituals.

Answer:

Human normally listen music when they are enjoying. It is a kind of entertainment. It is not by its very nature something to be included in worship. However, many people do so. One example is that of sufis (mystics) who think it is good for spiritual elation. We believe it is not part of worship. Rather it is a purely world thing. One needs to turn away from it and turn to God in worship.…

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Place Of Children In Congregational Prayer

What is the Shari’ah guidance regarding children in the mosques during prayers? We have been to Umrah twice in the last 18 months and no one asked our children to move to the back row during prayers in Makkah and Medinah. In Makkah we even were in the very first row or two and no one asked to move them. However back at our local mosque in USA and, in fact, in Karachi as well when I used to live there, Imam would ask the kids to move to the back line. He even stated that the Prayer will be invalidated if kids are in the front row with adults. Now this only happens whenever the Imam is of Indian or Pakistani origin. Arab imams will never ask the kids to move. My kids feel insulted when they are asked to move to the back. If you can guide me to a Quranic verse or a Haidth where this is mentioned as a requirement then I can explain to my children.

Answer:

Many scholars base their view that the children should follow the adults in the congregation on a few hadith narratives which tell us how the people in the presence of the Prophet (sws) would stand in the congregation. No scholar has ever believed that it is necessary and that failing this renders the prayer invalid. In eastern cultures the children traditionally do not follow the elders. However, we believe that if a child comes early…

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Direct Address To The Prophet In The Prayer

Why do we say in salah the following as if the Apostle (pbuh) is alive and present with us?

"All compliments, all physical prayer and all monetary worship are for Allah. Peace be upon you, Oh Prophet, and Allah's mercy and blessings. Peace be on us and on all righteous slaves of Allah. I bear witness that no one is worthy of worship except Allah And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger." Why and how does it make sense? Why do we start talking to the Apostle while praying to Allah? Is prayer not supposed to be addressed to Allah?

Answer:

The supplication in the tashahhud usually recited in the prayer is ascribed to the Prophet (sws). He taught this to the Companions. It does not necessarily imply that he is present among us alive. This is a form of expression in Arabic which is used for effect. It expresses force and direct communication of our intentions for the Prophet of Islam.



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Isha And Tahajjud

Is it true that if someone misses ‘ishā' prayer then he/she cannot offer tahajjud prayer the same night?

Answer:

We believe that Isha prayer is obligatory and tahajjud is supererogatory. None would offer tahajjud before offering the isha prayer. He would like to first offer the isha prayer and discharge his primary duty before embarking on an optional good deed of the same sort. So the question whether one can do so or not is not relevant. I would say none would do that even if they are slightly familiar to what they are…

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Stoning (ramy) Before Midday

My question is about stoning and pelting the jamarāt during hajj, on the 11th and 12th of the lunar calendar. Can ramy be conducted before 1200 on these days? Why do the scholars say that the time for ramy for these days starts after midday?

Answer:

This is an ijtihadi (subject to difference of opinion) issue and both the views can be acceptable. In recent times the Saudi Ulema have allowed this considering the problem of overcrowding and resulting accidents and casualties. Many scholars including Abu Hanifah, Abu Yusaf, Ibn Abbas, Ibn Zubayr, Ikramah, Ataa', Ta'oos, Muhammad Baqir, and many others held that it is allowable to pelt stones before zawal.



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Importance Of Salah

I cannot pray five times a day. However, I feel pain for orphans, the poor and the needy. I think for their betterment and do what is in my capacity. I think I am doing better than those who pray five times a day but neglect these people. They engage in corruption while they earn etc. Now would you please guide me whether my approach is acceptable?

Answer:

Thank you for writing to us. We believe that it is of course an act of great virtue to feel for the downtrodden and the unfortunate. They have a right upon us which must be fulfilled. The right of God upon us however is even greater. Let us try to understand this with the help of an example.

Suppose I have old parents who need my help and support. I send them money and provide…

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Dua Qunoot

What is the origin of Dua-e-Qanoot that is normally said in witr prayer in Pakistan?

Answer:

The supplications or the act of qunoot itself is optional. One can recite any supplication in the prayer. The Hanafis prefer this dua for qunoot. It has been ascribed to Umar rta.



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Determination Of The Night Of Power

We all have faith in "Shab e Qadar (Night of Power)" which is one of the "odd nights" in the last ten nights of Ramadan. My question is that we in Pakistan and those in Saudi Arabia (or even in some parts of Pakistan) started Ramadan on different days. And our odd nights fall on their even nights. In this situation, what is the explanation for Shab e Qadar to fall on odd nights i.e. are there two such nights or it is a wrong practice to start Ramadan on different days. I was just confused in this regard, so thought of seeking your advice. Looking forward to hear from you.

Answer:

It may be concluded on the basis of common sense that just as each different geographical regions can have their own Eids on the basis of moon sighting, similarly, they can have their own shab e qadrs. This is the night in which God decides fates and this can relate to the people of that particular region.



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