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Menstrual Cycle

If my wife is in menses at the time of Zauhr and at the time of Asr she is clean, must she pray Zauhr as Qada?

Answer:

The Shari`ah does not want us to count these things to the seconds. If one finds at the time of Asr that they are able to take a bath and offer prayer they should do so. If a woman finds that the bleeding stopped at the time of Zauhr and could take a bath and prepare for the prayer which she neglected then she may be held responsible for neglecting the duty she owes to…

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Umrah By A Nursing Mother

Two years ago I intended to go for umrah. Now I am married and a mother of one-year old baby by the grace of ALLAH and can afford easily all expenditures of umrah. The problem however is that my baby is just one-year old and is on my breast feed. It would be difficult for me to leave her behind for 15 days. It would also not so easy for me to take her with me because I want to pay full attention to worship rituals during my stay in Saudi Arab. I am in a great confusion on this matter. Kindly give me a right guideline in this matter in the light of Islamic Sharī'ah.

Answer:

I am afraid I cannot offer any clear suggestion as the decision rests on yourself. You are best aware of your circumstances and the intensity of your wish to go for the Umrah. You were not primarily obligated to perform Umrah. The act is purely supererogatory in its nature. Therefore, there is no need to create problems for yourself and the baby by proceeding urgently. Even if you have made it obligatory upon you by…

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Mosque And Jāmi’ Mosque

While reading about Mosques, I found two different names for Mosques - Masjid and Jami‘. What is the difference between the names? Is one of these types of Mosque "better" or "more important" than the other type? If so; what makes them more important? Are they representative of different schism in Islam, for instance Sunni and Shia names?

Answer:

There are no different names of mosques in vogue in the Islamic world. Sometimes a mosque is referred to as jami’ mosque because it is the central mosque of the town and the weekly congregational prayer (offered on Fridays afternoon) is held in them. The only importance attached to these mosques is that basically it were the political leaders of the town who would lead this prayer and discuss the issues of the public interest.…

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Stammering In The Prayer

I am a 19 year old Muslim girl. I was not born as a stammerer but when I was 18 all of a sudden I began to find my self stammer only when I perform salah. Even now that am 19 and will be turning 20 soon I still stammer only when I pray. It is so sad and tiring because I take time to perform my prayers instead of spending like 8 minutes to perform my salaat I spend more than that. Even when I take things slowly when praying, I stammer too, I can’t seem to understand why. Before I became 18 I was not like this. Before I became 18 I was able to pray peacefully and not having to be under tension due to my stammering while I pray. I just want to enjoy my prayer.

Answer:

Respected sister, prayer is not about uttering words correctly and fully. God already knows what you are going to say in your prayer. If you find it difficult to say the words correctly or completely there is nothing wrong with your prayer. Based on the information you gave us, I can say that you definitely do not need to bother about repeating the words in an attempt to say them completely or correctly. If you…

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Women Leading Men In Prayer

My question is about a woman being Imam in congregational Salah. I watched a video of Mr. Ghamidi recently and he mentioned that there was no Quranic verse or Hadeeth which specifically makes this an issue and declares its prohibition. With regards to that video, I would like your detailed response on the following issues:

1. Mr. Ghamidi, in that video, gave example of Umm-e-Waraqah who had been made the "Imam of Masjid of Daar" i.e. she used to lead the people of a particular small area. He then quoted a recent scholar, Dr. Hameedullah, who proposes that she led both men and women especially considering the fact that the Mo'azzin was a man. Please give me a detailed account of the validity and authenticity of this narration (riwayat). Because, in a question answer response given by Mr. Saleh Al-Munajjid he writes: "With regard to the evidence presented by those who refer to the reports which say that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gave Umm Waraqah permission to leed her household in prayer (narrated by Abu Dawood, 591), they say that she used to lead the people of her house in prayer, among whom were men and boys. The scholars have given several answers to that:
The hadeeth is ḍaeef (weak). Al-Haafiz said in al-Talkhees (p. 121): Its isnaad includes Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Khallaad who is unknown." End quote.
2. Mr. Ghamidi gave example of a woman named Ghazzala in the Khwarij who led people in Salah. Please give me a detailed account of the validity and authenticity of this.
3. Mr. Ghamidi gave example of Umm-e-Waraqah being appointed by Sayyidina Umar during his caliphate to watch over some state matters. Please could you give a detailed account of its authenticity?
Some doubts regarding Imamat of woman that require clarification:
1. I see that a large number of prominent scholars over the course of the history of Islam have unanimously agreed upon this issue that a woman cannot lead men in prayer. To give a few examples I can quote the following two (among many):
Ibn Hazm said in Maraatib al-Ijmaa, p. 27 "They are unanimously agreed that a woman should not lead men in prayer when they know that she is a woman. If they do that then their prayer is invalid, according to scholarly consensus." End quote.
Al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo (4/152): "Our companions are agreed that it is not permissible for an adult man or a boy to pray behind a woman. The prohibition on a woman leading men in prayer applies equally to obligatory prayers, Taraweeh and all supererogatory prayers. This is our view and the view of all the scholars from the earlier and later generations (may Allaah have mercy on them).
Al-Bayhaqi narrated this from the seven fuqaha the Taabi’i fuqaha of Madeenah. It is also the view of Maalik, Abu Haneefah, Sufyaan, Ahmad and Dawood" End quote.
My question is that is there any prominent scholar in the history of Islam who believed in the permissibility of a woman leading men in prayer? If not, then will it not surprising that throughout the history of Islam, no major scholar was able to figure out the permissibility? Does this not tend to imply that the correct interpretation of this matter is what the scholars have unanimously agreed upon? Please comment.
2. We can only worship Allah by the specific ways given by Allah and by his Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), for example Allah asked us to establish salah, so now if someone says look Quran says establish prayer and I dance around saying see this is salah, will that be acceptable? Of course not! Because for that, one has to prove that dancing is Salah. One can't say prove to me where the Quraan says I can't dance around for praying? Actually its opposite. One has to prove that what he/she is doing is some thing that is Ibadah, that this is something that is acceptable to Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala ....this is the general rule in fiqh. One can't say prove to me where the Quraan or Sunnah says that woman can't lead the prayer to men in Islam, in Islam you have to prove that you should do this, not prove that you can't do it, its the other way round. Please comment.
3. There are many ahadeeth, which state that the row of women must stand behind the row of men in congregational prayer. E.g. Muslim (440) narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: The best rows for men are those are the front and the worst are those at the back, and the best rows for women are those at the back and the worst are those at the front. al-Bukhaari (684) and Muslim (421) narrated from Sahl ibn Saad al-Saaidi that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, Whoever notices anything amiss during the prayer, let him say tasbeeh, for if he does so it will be noticed; and clapping is only for women. Muslim (658) narrated from Anas ibn Maalik that he prayed behind the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and with him was his grandmother and an orphan. He said: "The orphan and I stood in a row behind him, and the old woman stood behind us." If a woman is encouraged in a hadeeth to pray in her house and keep away from men, and the worst rows for women are the front rows, because they are closer to the men, then how can it be befitting for Islam to allow a woman to pray as an imam, leading men in prayer? Please comment.
4. In the time of Prophet there were no rulings that are present today such as Mustahab, Makruh, Sunnat Muakkidah, Ghair Muakkidah etc. etc. These are our ulama who put ruling seeing the whole matter. So is it not enough to find the attitude of Prophet about a certain issue and then find the ruling of ulama (collectively) about the matter?
5. Can we not make an analogy of this matter with that of slavery? Islam did not prohibit slavery but the general attitude of Islam and its followers eventually led to its elimination. Many things are implied in religion and the way I see it, Islam uses some fundamental things and their understanding to creates a character, a personality that can then relate everything in his life to those fundamental things and infer what would be the correct and wrong action (in other words, Islam makes the Fitrah (that was inherent inside a person) expressive in its most pure and uncorrupted form). I believe that Quran and Sunnah do not need to give a Haraam or Halaal ruling about everything that is Haraam and Halaal or am I wrong? They generate a character that can then very well judge new things on his own, in light of the fundamentals taught to him. Please comment.

Answer:

Before I comment on your questions and objections I would like to make something clear:

It is definitely more in line with the norms of modesty that a man leads the prayer rather than a woman leading it (when there are men among the followers). The question however is whether we have anything in Sharia that forbids us from having a woman leading prayers for men. It is this aspect of the issue that Mr. Ghamidi…

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Paying Zakah In Advance

Is it possible to give Zakat in advance? For example, if someone's Zakat is Rs. 20,000 for this year, and they need to pay extra (for example, in order to help someone), and next year, just pay the balance, is that permissible? Or is the extra counted as non- Zakat charity and the next year, they have to start afresh.

Answer:

We believe that the correct view in this regard is that it is ok to pay zakah in advance. Following is a summary of the views of the scholars of the ummah on the issue summarized by Sayyid Sabiq in his Fiqh ul-Sunnah:

It is permissible for zakah to be paid for even two years in advance. al- Zuhri did not see any problem in paying his zakah before the hawl. al-Hasan was once asked if…

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Fidyah And Fasting

If someone does not want to fast in the month of Ramadan (not for health reasons), then can one do that by paying in the form of money or otherwise?

Answer:

We cannot leave fast for other than two reasons, disease and journey. In these cases we can leave the fast and complete the count afterwards. However, in the beginning the Qur’an allowed the people to leave fast and atone for missing a fast through specified method. It was also possible for the people who are travelling or are sick to give money or food against the left over fasts. Later on this permission was taken…

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Zakah And Debt

Do I have to pay zakah if I am in a lot of debt? If yes, what will be the percentage, keeping in mind 20% that I already pay to the government.

Answer:

If we are in debt but we do not plan to pay the debt for the time being we will be obliged to pay zakah on the assets at hand. Zakah on assets is 2.5% yearly. If you intend to pay debt first then you will first pay that and consider the remaining part of your assets as zakatable.



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Fasting While Away From Home

I am travelling to UK for twenty days. A few early fasts (12 to 14 fasts)of Ramadan will come during my stay there. Within UK I will also be roaming and travelling between cities. I think it will be difficult for me to keep my fast during my stay in UK as I will be in the outdoors most of the time so can I make up for these days after Eid?

Answer:

The Holy Qur'an allows us to leave fast when we are travelling. This means when you will be on journey you can leave the fasts and make them up later. However, when you are staying there in a center and are not travelling between the cities it would not be possible to leave fasts. You will be required by the Shari’ah to keep fasting when you are staying in a city and are not travelling.



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Unjust Zakah Rates

I fail to understand why the Zakat ratio is 5% for them who invest and include services while Zakat for those who invest or give services is 10%. I understand the professionals who are salaried persons earn much lesser than the businessmen. According to this theory Zakat obligation on businessmen is half of that for professionals who are earning much lesser than the businessmen.

Answer:

First, it is more accurate to say Zakah is 5% for money that is earned by interaction of capital and labour, and is 10% for money that is earned by only one of these factors.

Second I don't think we can make a general rule that businessmen make more money than professionals. Only those businessmen earn a lot who have been successful in their business and have managed to make it vast and stable. Not many…

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Ka’bah And Islaelite Prophets

If Ibrahim and Ismail (sws) built the Ka'aba as a center of pilgrimage for all mankind, why did the other sons of Ibrahim and their grandsons and other Prophets mentioned in the Bible never made it a point to visit Ka'aba. We don't find any evidence at all in the Bible or the New Testament of anybody going to Mecca for pilgrimage. On the contrary, Jerusalem seems to have been the center for Prophets of old including Jesus. We do find a hint in the Qur'an below, but is there one in the Bible? Hajj has been a practice that has been followed by successive generations of Prophet Abraham (pbuh). It was even known to the father in-law of Prophet Moses (pbuh) before Prophet Moses (pbuh) received his Prophethood from God. In the following verse, we note the use of Hajj as a marker to signify a contractual period. 028.027 "He said: "Indeed I intend to marry you to one of these two daughters of mine on condition that you hire thyself to me for (the term of) eight pilgrimages (Arabic: Thamaniya Hijajin). Then if you complete ten, it will be of your own accord, and I would not wish to make it difficult for you. God willing, you will find me of the righteous". Just wondering what I am missing here?

Answer:

The Qur'an in verse 3:96 refers to Mecca with the word Bacca. Imām Amīn Ahsan Islāhī, while explaining why this word has been mentioned here, writes:

… this word is one example of the interpolations done by the Jews by distorting the recital of a word (called layy al-lisān by the Qur’ān) in order to do away with the signs of the advent of the last prophet. The Jews garbled it from Bakkah to Bukā’ and…

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Obligation To Offer The Prayer In Arabic

In our city a Christian sister converted to Islam. Now salat five times is Fard on her but she cannot read it in Arabic. Even if she try to Pray in Arabic she doesn't understand. Can she read salat in English. If she is allowed then why not I should pray in urdu although I am born Muslim but still I cannot focus on the meanings while reading it in Arabic Language. Please give solid reason as I already do not agree with preservation of Islam in Arabic as what is the use of preservation when you cannot benefit from it. We should not worry about hifazat of Quran as ALLAH has already taken the responsibility. I am interested in solid reasoning from Quran and Ḥadīth.

Answer:

There are two parts to your question.

As far as the convert is concerned, she can begin with the rituals of the prayer which of course do not require any language. eg qiyam, ruku and sujud. At the same time she should start learning the essential utterances of the prayer which have to be said in Arabic. (all other utterances like for example dua before the fatiha recital and dua in the qa'da can be said…

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Hajj Or Jihad?

There is a ḥadīth in the Sahih of Bukhari which says that hajj has greater status than jihad. Does this ḥadīth not contradict all other hadiths on jihad? The Prophet (sws) put jihad third in good deeds after the salah (prayer) and serving parents.

Answer:

I understand you refer to the following narrative:

حدثنا‏‏عبدالرحمن بن المبارك‏‏ حدثنا‏‏خالد‏‏ أخبرنا‏‏حبيب بن أبي عمرة‏‏عن‏‏ عائشة بنت طلحة‏‏ عن‏‏ عائشة أم المؤمنين‏‏ رضي الله عنها‏‏ أنها قالت‏‏ يارسول الله نرى الجهاد أفضل العمل أفلا نجاهد قال‏‏ لالكن أفضل الجهاد حج‏‏ مبرور

Aaishah (rta) reported that once she asked the Prophet (sws), “We (women) consider Jihad the best of all (righteous) deeds. Shouldn’t we (also) fight (in the way of God)?” He replied, “No, (you…

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Disclosing Nature Of Charity

Is it necessary to tell a person that I am giving you this money as a charity from my sadaqa fund?

Answer:

Disclosing the nature of contribution to a brother and friend is not an issue. Nor is avoiding disclosing it illicit. This is because every such help granted to another person is sadaqah by definition. Sadaqah is but charity. When you help someone you are doing a charitable act. However, one should not seek any benefit from the person whom one helps. However, some people do not easily accept our help when we use the word…

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Umrah Vs Charity

If faced with a decision to perform Umrah or provide financial help to the poor and destitute (there are many in Pakistan) what is the right thing to do? Go for Umrah and make the hotel owners and airlines rich or help the poor?

Answer:

This has much to do with the situation one is faced at a particular instance. If there is a specific case that needs financial aid, then of course one can always prefer spending the umrah money on this need. In the absence of such cases which need immediate financial help, one can of course opt to go for 'umrah. 'Umrah of course is an optional ritual and one always has the liberty to make a…

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Salah And Eid Milad Al-Nabi

I have two questions to ask.

1. What is exactly meant by the Arabic word "salah" which we normally translate in Urdu as namaz?

2. What is the view of Mr Javed Ahmad Ghamidi about Eid Milad-un-Nabi?

Answer:

1. The word al-salah and its cognate terms are used to refer to the Muslim worship ritual. Persian and Urdu word namaz also refers to the same ritual.

2. As for the question of Milad please refer to: http://monthly-renaissance.com/Janq22y4.html



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Prayer During Menstruation

Allah Almighty has commanded us to perform salah in all circumstances. One is obliged to pray even one is on the death bed and even one has najasat on and one cannot find water. What about salah for menstruating women? The only thing Allah Almighty says about menstruation is in 2:222 and there too there is no mention of not praying during the cycle.

Answer:

There are two things that we need to consider in this regard.

1. The prayer is based on the sunnah. The Holy Qur'an only refers to it as a known practice in the society it addresses. We take the details and laws governing the ritual from the sunnah and not the Qur'an. The Prophet (sws) constituted this worship ritual and taught it to the entire generation of the Companions. They practiced it with their consensus and…

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Obsessive-compulsive Disorder And Practicing Religion

I am an OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder) patient. I know that conscience always tells you what is wrong and what is right but for me my conscience always tells me that whatever I do is wrong. This goes deep down in an issue and proves to me that I am wrong or whatever I am doing is a sin and sin of a very bigger nature. I am seeking a psychiatrist but since the disorder is always related to Islamic nature I thought that I should also ask a religious expert that what Islam says in this regard. What to do in order to realize what is actually wrong in Islam and what is not? One thing is that I keep on asking questions of whatever issue I get but the questions never stop in a case of mine.

Answer:

Compulsion to learn the religious stances it is very natural. You only need to learn a thing thoroughly and then do not entertain doubts in that. If you feel compelled to doubt something even after thorough search and research then it is a problem for which you have to take medical advice. As long as it remains within the natural limits it is ok but encouraged.



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Qurbani In The Name Of The Prophet

I have a small query regarding qurbani. Can we offer qurbani in the name of our Prophet (sws)?

Answer:

It depends what you mean by offering Qurbani in the name of the Prophet (pbuh).

If you mean mentioning his name to remind yourself of his Sunnah and/or to express your love for him, before or after saying the name of God, then as long as it is clear what your intentions are, there is nothing wrong with this. However you need to make sure that this will not become a custom and part…

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Hajj-e Badal

What is hajj-e badal. I just read that in USA somebody can perform hajj for somebody else for $1500.00. They quote two hadiths of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) narrated by Ibn Abbas. Appearing in Bukhari’s Sahih the ḥadīth is claimed to be a sahih. Is there anything like hajj-e badal or its just an innovation?

Answer:

In principle every person benefits only from those acts of worship that he himself has done. He may also benefit indirectly from those acts of worship that he has caused or encouraged to be done. Going to Hajj is no exception.

However if a person really has desire of going to Hajj and has the intention to go and has the means as well however due to some reasons cannot fulfil his intentions then he may…

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