Can a Rasool be killed? Contradiction in Ghamidi’s view?

Question

Salam,

Ghamidi sahab has often stressed on the Law of Risalat in which Allah necessarily gives victory to His Rusul and their followers, and the enemies of these Rusul are not able to harm them because they are in Allah's protection at all times.

However, we see that in Surah 5:70, 3:183, and 2:187 the Children of Israel are stated to have killed certain Rusul when they did not like the message of these Rusul. This is in apparent contradiction to the above stated Law of Risalat, and also contradicts Surah 58:21 and 40:51.

Would appreciate if you could clarify this problem.

Thanks and regards!


Answer

Salaam

Thank you for writing to us.

The word 'rusul'/'rasool', in the Aaayat you've cited, is used in its plain literal meaning of a messenger and not as a term. The word 'الّرُسُل' (Al-Rusul) is a plural of 'الّرَسُوْل' (Al-Rasūl). As pointed out by Ghāmidi, the word has two connotations: one as a common Arabic word and the other as a term having a specific meaning. As a common Arabic word, it means a 'messenger' (one who delivers a message). So the Rusul of the Almighty can be His angels and His Prophets since both bear His message.

Here are some usages of Rusul in the Qur'ān as a common Arabic word signifying angels and prophets:

i. Signifying Angels:

إِنَّهُ لَقَوْلُ رَسُولٍ كَرِيمٍ (١٩:١٨)

This is the word of a gracious and mighty messenger. (81:19)

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ فَاطِرِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ جَاعِلِ الْمَلَائِكَةِ رُسُلًا أُولِي أَجْنِحَةٍ مَّثْنَى وَثُلَاثَ وَرُبَاعَ (١:٣٥)

Praise be to God, Creator of the heavens and the earth! He sends forth the angels as His messengers, with two, three or four pairs of wings. (35:1)

اللَّهُ يَصْطَفِي مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ رُسُلًا وَمِنَ النَّاسِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ بَصِيرٌ (٧٥:٢٢)

God chooses messengers from the angels and from men. Indeed, God hears all and observes all. (22:75)

ii. Signifying Prophets:

آمَنَ الرَّسُولُ بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مِن رَّبِّهِ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ كُلٌّ آمَنَ بِاللّهِ وَمَلآئِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ (٢٨٥:٢)

The Messenger believes in what has been revealed to him by his Lord, and so do the faithful. They all believe in God and His angels, His scriptures, and His Prophets. (2:285)

Here the word Rusul is used to mean all prophets.

يَا مَعْشَرَ الْجِنِّ وَالإِنسِ أَلَمْ يَأْتِكُمْ رُسُلٌ مِّنكُمْ يَقُصُّونَ عَلَيْكُمْ آيَاتِي وَيُنذِرُونَكُمْ لِقَاء يَوْمِكُمْ (١٣٠:٦)

Then He will say: 'Jinn and men! Did there not come to you Prophets of your own who proclaimed to you My revelations and warned you of this day?' (6:130)

Here also the word rusul is used on its literal meaning and signifies all prophets.

يَا بَنِي آدَمَ إِمَّا يَأْتِيَنَّكُمْ رُسُلٌ مِّنكُمْ يَقُصُّونَ عَلَيْكُمْ آيَاتِي فَمَنِ اتَّقَى وَأَصْلَحَ فَلاَ خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ (٣٥:٧)

Children of Adam, when Prophets of your own come to proclaim to you My revelations, those that take warning and mend their ways will have nothing to fear or to regret. (7:35)

Here also the same usage as above.

As a term of the Qur'ān, the word Rasūl signifies a cadre among the Prophets (Anbiyā) of Allah. The difference between a Prophet (Nabī) and a Rasūl is that the latter decides the fate of his nation in this world. The righteous are rewarded and wrong doers punished. The Qur'ān says:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُحَادُّونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ أُوْلَئِكَ فِي الأَذَلِّينَ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَأَغْلِبَنَّ أَنَا وَرُسُلِي إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَوِيٌّ عَزِيزٌ (٥٨ :٢٠-١)

Indeed, those who show hostility to Allah and His Rasūl are bound to be humiliated. The Almighty has ordained that I and my Rusul shall always triumph. (58:20-21)

It is common knowledge that as a term the only Rasool that was raised among the Bani Israel was Moses (As) and after him it was only Jesus (as). Between these two, all the people raised by God were Prophets and it was among these that some were rejected or killed by the Israelites.

Also, it is not Ustaz Ghamidi's position that a Rasool cannot be killed. A Rasool can be killed but not before Itmaam al Hujjah, which then necessitates that Divine punishment befalls those who rejected the Rasool. In other words, after Itmaam al-Hujjah, a Rasool can be killed, but eventually the plan of God will prevail and the disbeliever will be destroyed.

Hope this helps.

Regards,

About the Author

Mushafiq Sultan


Mushafiq Sultan, born in Kashmir in 1988, has been studying world religions from his school days. In 2009 Mushafiq came across the works of Ustaz Javed Ahmad Ghamidi and since then has been highly influenced by his thought. He has an exceptional interest in world religions, their philosophies and their mutual relations. He formally joined Al-Mawrid in 2016 as Assistant Fellow (Honorary). Presently, he is in charge of Al-Mawrid’s query service. In 2016, he published his first book ‘Muhammad (sws) in the Bible- An Exposition on Isaiah 42’. He has written articles on Islam, Christianity and Hinduism. He has also translated several articles of Javed Ahmad Ghamidi into Hindi.

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