Does the expression ‘Ayyaamam Ma’doodaat’ refer to the fast of Ramadan?

Question

According to Mr. Ghamidi, "Ayyamam Madodaat" means complete fasting days of Ramadan. But a person who knows arabic language told that "Ayyamam Madodaat" comes for plural less than ten like it came for Hajj. If it's less than ten, then how it relates to 30 days of Ramadan?

Kind regards,


Answer

The context where these words occur (2:184) shows clearly that they are used for the days of Ramadan. Literally 'Ayyaamam Ma'doodaat' means a few days or a certain number of days. But its application on the number of days can vary according to the context. For example, compared to a thousand days, thirty days are very few. There is no such norm in Arabic that this expression can only apply for days less than ten. Internal usage of the word 'Ma'dood' in the Qur'an also explains that 'Ma'dood' does not necessarily mean less than ten. Speaking of the incident when the brothers of Yusuf (as) sold their brother, Allah says:

وَشَرَوْهُ بِثَمَنٍ بَخْسٍ دَرَاهِمَ مَعْدُودَةٍ وَكَانُوا فِيهِ مِنَ الزَّاهِدِينَ

The (brothers) sold him for a miserable price, for a few dirhams counted out: in such low estimation did they hold him! (12:20)

It is know from Biblical account that they had actually sold Yusuf (as) for twenty shekels of silver. (See Genesis 37:28)

So this count is not less than ten.

Further, the Qur'an quotes the Jewish people as boasting about their stay in hellfire as follows:

ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ قَالُوا لَن تَمَسَّنَا النَّارُ إِلَّا أَيَّامًا مَّعْدُودَاتٍ

"They declare: "We shall endure the Fire for a few days only" (3:24)

Many Jews believed this duration to be twelve months at most (See Mishna Eduyot 2:10)

The usage of the words in Surah Baqarah for fasting is not done to count the number of days but to motivate the believers to fast by telling them twenty nine or thirty days of Ramadan are not a burden but are actually a few days that will pass quickly.

Also, speaking of 'Ayyamam Ma'doodat' in Aayah 184 of Surah Baqarah, the Qur'an says:

"The fast has been made obligatory upon you as it was made upon those before you..."

There is no fast other than that of Ramadan, which was made obligatory on Muslims. Thus, these words refer to the fast in the month of Ramadan.

Hope this helps.

About the Author

Mushafiq Sultan


Mushafiq Sultan, born in Kashmir (Indian Administered) in 1988, has been studying world religions from his school days. In 2009 Mushafiq came across the works of Ustaz Javed Ahmad Ghamidi and since then has been highly influenced by his thought. He has an exceptional interest in world religions, their philosophies and their mutual relations. He formally joined Al-Mawrid in 2016 as Assistant Fellow (Honorary). Presently, he is in charge of Al-Mawrid’s query service. In 2016, he published his first book ‘Muhammad (sws) in the Bible- An Exposition on Isaiah 42’. He has written articles on Islam, Christianity and Hinduism. He has also translated several articles of Javed Ahmad Ghamidi into Hindi.

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