فرض ، نفل اور واجب ميں فرق

سوال:

فرض ، نفل اور واجب ميں فرق مثالوں کي مدد سے واضح کيجيے۔


جواب:

ہمارے نزديک دين کے احکام کي دو قسميں ہيں: فرائض اور نوافل
جن احکام کي عدم تعميل گناہ ہے وہ فرض ہيں اور جن کي تعميل پر ثواب ہے اور عدم تعميل گناہ نہيں وہ نفل ہيں۔ فرض کي مثال فجر کي وہ دو رکعتيں ہيں جنھيں جماعت کے ساتھ پڑھا جاتا ہے۔ نفل کي مثال فجر کي وہ دو رکعتيں ہيں جنھيں ان دو فرضوں سے پہلے ادا کيا جاتا ہے۔

يہ نفل احناف کي تقسيم ميں سنت کہلاتے ہيں۔ ہمارے نزديک فرض اور واجب مترادف اصطلاحات ہيں ليکن احناف کے ہاں فرض اور واجب الگ الگ اصطلاحات ہيں۔ ان کے نزديک فرض وہ ہے جو شريعت کي قطعي دليل سے ثابت ہو اور واجب وہ ہے جو دليل ظني سے ثابت ہو۔ نمازوں ميں واجب کي مثال وتر کي نماز ہے۔ پانچ نمازيں سنت متواترہ قطعيہ سے ثابت ہيں اور وتر کي نماز اخبار آحاد سے ثابت ہے۔

answered by: Talib Mohsin

About the Author

Talib Mohsin


Mr Talib Mohsin was born in 1959 in the district Pakpattan of Punjab. He received elementary education in his native town. Later on he moved to Lahore and passed his matriculation from the Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education Lahore. He joined F.C College Lahore and graduated in 1981. He has his MA in Islamic Studies from the University of Punjab. He joined Mr Ghamidi to learn religious disciplines during early years of his educational career. He is one of the senior students of Mr Ghamidi form whom he learnt Arabic Grammar and major religious disciplines.

He was a major contributor in the establishment of the institutes and other organizations by Mr Ghamidi including Anṣār al-Muslimūn and Al-Mawrid. He worked in Ishrāq, a monthly Urdu journal, from the beginning. He worked as assistant editor of the journal for many years. He has been engaged in research and writing under the auspice of Al-Mawrid and has also been teaching in the Institute.

Answered by this author