حج وعمرہ اور خواتین کے ایام

سوال:

حج یا عمرہ کی عبادات میں کسی خاتون کو اگر احرام باندھنے سے پہلے یا اُس کے بعد ایام شروع ہوجائیں تو اُس صورت میں حج وعمرہ کے مناسک کی ادائیگی کے باب میں اُس کے لیے دین میں کیا حکم ہے؟


جواب:

اِس طرح کی صورت حال کسی خاتون کو خواہ حج میں پیش آئے،خواہ عمرہ میں؛احرام باندھنے سے پہلے پیش آئے یا اُس کے بعد؛بہرحال وہ احرام کی تمام پابندیوں کا لحاظ رکھے گی،تلبیہ پکارے گی،دیگر حجاج ہی کی طرح تمام مناسک ادا کرے گی اور دعا ومناجات بھی کرے گی ۔ تاہم شریعت کی رو سے یہ واضح رہے کہ اِس حالت میں خواتین جس طرح نماز سے مستثنٰی ہوتی ہیں،اُسی طرح وہ نماز کی جگہوں یعنی مساجد میں بھی حاضر نہیں ہوسکتیں ۔ چنانچہ اِس کے لازمی نتیجے کے طور پر حج وعمرہ کی عبادات میں خواتین اِس حالت میں اُن مناسک کو بھی ادا نہیں کرسکتیں جو مسجدِ حرام میں ادا کیے جاتے ہیں ۔ اور وہ دو ہی مناسک ہیں :

ایک بیت اللہ کا طواف

دوسرے صفا ومروہ کی سعی

اِن کے سوا باقی تمام مناسک وہ دیگر حجاج ومعتمرین ہی کی طرح ادا کریں گی ۔ طواف اور سعی کو اُنہیں بہرحال پاکیزگی کی حالت لوٹ آنے تک مؤخر کرنا ہوگا ۔

صفا ومروہ کی پہاڑیوں اور اُن کے احاطے کو جس زمانے تک مسجدِ حرام میں شامل نہیں گیا تھا،اُس وقت تک عورتوں کو ایام کی اِس حالت میں سعی کی اجازت بھی حاصل تھی؛جیساکہ روایتوں سے معلوم ہوتا ہے کہ حجۃ الوداع کے موقع پر جب سیدہ عایشہ رضی اللہ عنھا ایام سے تھیں تو نبی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے اُن سے فرمایا : تم اِس حالت میں سوائے طواف کے،حج کے تمام مناسک ادا کرسکتی ہو۔ (بخاری، رقم: 294۔ مسلم،رقم:1211)

answered by: Muhammad Amir Gazdar

About the Author

Muhammad Amir Gazdar


Mr Muhammad Amir Gazdar was born on 26th May 1974 in Karachi, Pakistan. Besides his studies at school, he learned the science of Tajweed Al-Qur’an from a renowned Qu’anic reciter, Qari Khalil Ahmad Bandhani and completed the memorization of the Qur’an in 1987 at Madrasah Tajweed al-Qur’an, Karachi.
He obtained his elementary religious education from Jami’ah Dar al-Hanafiyyah, Karachi. He graduated from Jami’ah al-Uloom al-Islamiyyah, Binnori Town, Karachi and obtained Shahadah Aalamiyyah in 1996 and received an equivalent certificate of Masters in Islamic Studies from the Karachi University.
During the year 1997 and 1998, he served in Jami’ah Binnori Town as a Tafseer and Tajweed teacher and also taught at Danish Sara Karachi (A Former Islamic Centre of Al-Mawrid).
In 1992, Mr Gazdar was introduced to Farahi school of thought his first meeting with Ustaz Javed Ahmad Ghamidi and had the chance to learn Islam from him and tried to solve many controversial issues of Hadith, Fiqh and Usool under his supervision.
In January 1999, he started another Masters programme in Islamic Sciences offered by Al-Mawrid in Lahore, Pakistan and completed it with top position in August 2001.
Mr Gazdar officially joined Al-Mawrid as an associate fellow in research and education in 2002 and is working in this capacity ever since. He worked for the Karachi center of Al-Mawrid for about 10 years as a teacher, lecturer and researcher. He taught various courses, delivered weekly lectures, conducted workshops on different topics, taught in online classes, answered questions of the participants orally and gave answers for Al-Mawrid’s official website too.
In September 2012, he moved to Kuala Lumpur Malaysia to participate in another Masters programme in Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Heritage at International Islamic University Malaysia. In January 2015, he completed his 3rd Masters in Qur’an and Sunnah department of the university with a CGPA: 3.92.
Mr Gazdar has many academic works to his credit. He has written a few booklets published in Urdu language and has authored some articles which have been published in various research journals in Malaysia, India and Pakistan (Arabic language). An online book is going to be published at the official website of International Islamic University Malaysia in 2018 (Arabic language) and his Masters dissertation is also going to be published in the form of a book in 2018 (Arabic language) from Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut Lebanon.
Nowadays, Mr Gazdar is a PhD candidate in the Qur’an and Sunnah department of International Islamic University Malaysia. His ongoing PhD research is a comparative study of contemporary scholars’ view on the issue of “Hijab and Gender Interaction in the light of the Quran and Hadith.”
Furthermore, he is actively working in the Hadith project of Ustaz Javed Ahmad Ghamidi and playing a significant role in it as a researcher and writer since January 2016.
Moreover, Mr Gazdar has been leading in Qiyam-e-Ramadhan and Tarawih prayer since 1989 in various mosques and at Sada Bahar Lawn (2002-2011) in Karachi, Pakistan. He worked as a part time Imam at the King Haji Ahamd Shah mosque of International Islamic University Malaysia from 2013 to 2015 where he lead in Tarawih and Qiyam-e-Ramadhan for four years (2013-2016). Other than this, he has served for several mosques in Kuala Lumpur as an Imam for Tarawih and Qiyam-e-Ramadhan.

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