Why is it that the history related in the Qur'an and other scriptures is not spoken of in common history, although the Qur'an tells the history of perished nations so that human beings can take lessons from them?
Human civilization and various disciplines developed gradually. In previous times, the record of history was not available in the present form. With the passage of time, writing developed and so did the art of recording history. Divine scriptures themselves are a source of history.
Events of macro history were transferred form generation to generation. Moreover, modern research in archeology has confirmed the history told in the scriptures. These events regarding the perished nations, at the time of the revelation of the Qur'an were fully known to people, that is why the opponents of the Prophet (sws) did not object to these. They never said that the Qur'an was wrong in its reports. The Qur'an clearly asserts that these were commonly known events.