Interpretation Of A Narrative


I have heard a narrative from a religious scholar. The wording of the ḥadīth is as follows:

خمس من العبادة: النظر إلى الكعبة، والنظر إلى المصحف، والنظر إلى الوالدين،...والنظر إلى وجه العالم. (رواه دارقطنى)

Five major worships are: looking towards the Ka'bah, looking at the Holy Scriptures, looking at your parents……………..looking at the face of a religious scholar. (Dār Quṭnī)

1.What is the status of Dār Quṭnī in ḥadīth literature?

2.What is the status of this ḥadīth?

3.Please provide full details about this ḥadīth.


This ḥadīth has never been found in any book including Dār Quṭnī. However, this narrative has been included in the history of Baghdād "tārīkh Baghdād". In the book 'ḥarf al-'ayn min ābā al-ḥasnayn' this narrative has been included numbered 3874 as a saying of Fayzrān that follows:

محفوظ معروف بن الفيرزان يقول: النظر في المصحف عبادة والنظر إلى الوالدين عبادة والقعود في المسجد عبادة.

Maḥfūz Ma 'rūf b. Fayrzān says: looking at the divine scriptures is worship. Looking at the parents is worship. Sitting in a mosque is worship.

This narrative in this book is not acceptable in any condition.

Dār Quṭnī is considered a weak collection of ḥadīth corpus.

Translated by: Abid Mahmood Hashmi

About the Author

Talib Mohsin

Mr Talib Mohsin was born in 1959 in the district Pakpattan of Punjab. He received elementary education in his native town. Later on he moved to Lahore and passed his matriculation from the Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education Lahore. He joined F.C College Lahore and graduated in 1981. He has his MA in Islamic Studies from the University of Punjab. He joined Mr Ghamidi to learn religious disciplines during early years of his educational career. He is one of the senior students of Mr Ghamidi form whom he learnt Arabic Grammar and major religious disciplines.

He was a major contributor in the establishment of the institutes and other organizations by Mr Ghamidi including Anṣār al-Muslimūn and Al-Mawrid. He worked in Ishrāq, a monthly Urdu journal, from the beginning. He worked as assistant editor of the journal for many years. He has been engaged in research and writing under the auspice of Al-Mawrid and has also been teaching in the Institute.

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