Itmam A Hujjah And The Jihad Of The Companions


I have following questions regarding the answer you have provided me regarding Itamam-ul-Hujjah on neighboring countries.

1) I think the answer you have provided is not sufficient. I still cannot understand that how we can assume that just on the basis of Itamam-ul-Hujjah which was done in Makkah/Madina, it was also done on Faris and Rome? I mean that there is evident difference between itamam-ul-hujjah on the people of Makkah/Madina where first every question was answered directly and then only the punishment was given. Whereas in the case of neighboring countries, only letters and then later an army was sent by only giving leverage to individuals who ask for asylum. To elaborate further if I make an analogy, if for example in current times, a prophet comes in India, and does itamam-ul-hujjah there, punishes the kafirs there and then write a letter that I have done this in India and now the same will happen to you in Pakistan if you will negate what I am preaching. Will it be considered as itamam-ul-hujjah?

2) Were the letters written to the neighboring countries before the punishment to the direct addressees or after that? Could you please provide the content of letter?

3) Any evidence from the sources of history that the message of Islam was delivered in its ultimate form to the people in neighboring countries? Like people accepting Islam, or Quran or any hadith mentioning that those people are also doing kufr?

4) This is the question which I asked in my last email as well but could not get answer. "Can we say that today Israel, India and US are doing persecution and if we were able then Jihad was obligatory to be declared by our state?"

5) My next question is regarding the current issue of Cartoons on Facebook. What should be the approach of a person using Facebook, should we deactivate our accounts or should we defend it by being there?


Here are the answers to your questions:

1. Actually the mere happening of the itmam ul hujjah in the whole of Arabia by the 10th AH for which letters were written around the 6th AH was enough. Remember, it was almost four years before its completion that the letters were sent to these neighboring countries to be on guard. Of course this meant that if any individual wanted to time to understand more, he must have been given this time in the light of the Qur'an itself.

2. For the contents of the letters see: ht=p://

3. Work needs to be done in this area. Once this is done, hopefully many examples can be cited.

4. Jihad never becomes obligatory unless our military might is at least 1:2 in relation to the enemy country and that country is persecuting its citizens or oppressing them in some way. The decision as to which country is doing so should be made by the parliament of that country.

5. In my view, a Muslim should not deactivate his or her account at the Facebook in the wake of recent events. He or she should ignore what people are doing to insult great personalities. Ignoring such endeavours is their best treatment. Moreover, the objections which people make on Islam or the Prophet of Islam should be seriously taken up and answered in a polite way by Muslim scholars. Instead of snubbing such questions, they should engage in a meaningful dialogue with those who are raising such objections.

About the Author

Dr. Shehzad Saleem

Born in 1966 Shehzad Saleem has been under the tutelage of Javed Ahmad Ghamidi since 1988 and is currently a Research Fellow and one of the Vice Presidents of Al-Mawrid. He has a Bachelors in Electrical Engineering from UET Lahore, Pakistan and holds a PhD in the History of the Qur’an from the University of Wales, UK.

Special Area of Interest
  He recently (2014) completed a fifteen year research work on the History of the Qur’an, a part of which constituted his doctoral thesis (the thesis portion is available at:  The work addresses some nagging questions related to the revelation, collection and transmission of the Qur’an. These questions include narratives found in our legacy on the alleged incompleteness of the Qur’an, scribal errors found in it,  its variant readings, chronology of its compilation, order of the surahs, and manuscript studies.

Books Authored
  1. Common Misconceptions about Islam
  2. Playing God: Misreading a Divine Practice
  3. Islam and Women: Misconceptions and Misperceptions
  4. Essays on Character Building, Lessons on Character Building
  5. Qur’an Workshops on Character Building (including a separate Teacher’s Guide)
  6. Lessons on Character Building
  7. Selections from the Qur’an
  8. Selections from the Bible
  9. Selections from the Hadith

He has also compiled a modular textbook on Qur’anic Studies, which was taught by him to graduate students (1999-2001). The textbook is available in course format at It comprises course topics as: Revelation of the Qur’an, Theme of the Qur’an, History of the Qur’an, Arrangement of the Qur’an, Language of the Qur’an, Interpreting the Qur’an.

  He has translated some works of Amin Ahsan Islahi (d. 1997) and Javed Ahmad Ghamidi into English. These include:

1. Volumes 6, 7,  8 and 9 of Tadabbur Qur’an 
  2. Mizan (Islam: A Comprehensive Introduction)
  3. Al-Islam (Islam: A Concise Introduction)
  4. Selected Essays of Javed Ahmad Ghamidi
  5. Volumes 1 and 5 of Al-Bayan 

His answers to various questions received about Islam can also be accessed at the Renaissance website at:

He is the Founding Editor of the monthly research journal, Renaissance which was initiated in 1991. In 1999, its website was launched.

He launched the Studying Islam website in 2003, which offers online courses on Islam. Through technical help, he has developed an online software (Qur’an for All) at the Studying Islam website to teach the translation of the Qur’an to those who can read the Arabic text but cannot comprehend its meaning.

He also set up websites about the life and works of the Qur’anic scholars Hamid Uddin Farahi (  and Amin Ahsan Islahi (  in 2010 and 2013 respectively

He has also built a text based website on the exegesis Tadabbur i Qur’an (  in 2013.

He also founded a website on the life and works of the biblical scholar Abdus Sattar Ghauri (  in 2014

  He is a guest speaker at various public forums. Some of the topics he regularly speaks on include:

1. Misconceptions about Women in Islam
  2. Pardah and Gender Interaction
  3. Non-Muslims and the Qur’an
  4. Question on the Qur’an by Serious
  5. Misconceptions about Islam
  6. Muhammad (sws): The Misunderstood Prophet of Islam
  7. Marriage and Married Life
  8. Fast and Fasting
  9. Basic Morality
  10. Islam and Islamic Welfare State
  11. Misconceptions about Divorce in Islam
  12. Misconceptions regarding Jihad of the Companions of the Prophet (sws)
  13 Imbalanced Religious Attitudes

He conducts activity-based Qur’anic Workshops for adults and sessions on Character Building and Personality Development for teenagers. Topics include:

1. Spending in the Way of God 
  2. Pride and Arrogance
  3. Remembering God  
  4. Civic Sense
  5. Kindness to Parents
  6. Gratitude
  7. Forgiveness
  8. Moral Courage
  9. Truthfulness 
  10. Showing Off
  11. Humility
  12. Sympathy
  13. Sinful Speech 
  14. Honesty
  15. Justice

Some of his talks and lectures on or about Islam can be viewed at:,

A facebook page, Dr Shehzad Saleem’s Video Talks (  also displays his talks

Answered by this author