Required Expertise For The Islamic Scholars

Question

I have two questions. I have read books by Mr Ghamidi and other renowned scholars and I have come to a conclusion that if you don't have a reasonable understanding of Arabic language you cannot base your own ideology or conformity of belief, regarding the meanings of Qur'an. At the same time we must appreciate that no one today can allocate time to learn Arabic in its true form and good teachers are also not available. Secondly to understand Qur'an in this context is obviously of very worth but it's a full time job. Also as you people are doing and every one cannot go up to that level due to limitations of time job and circumstances. Your belief regarding Islam is that it is a divine religion but this belief is not spoon fed as ours you found the truth to make your belief. Now you tell me that one person doing job running his family cannot allocate that much time so how it is possible to find the truth only relying on your literary books and conflicting opinions. Regarding translation and commentary on the Qur'an every scholar has his viewpoint but again that viewpoint is based on research. Does the Qur'an require spending whole life to find the truth only or not? How can an ordinary man realize in true sense that Islam is a divine religion?

My question relates to conflict on the matter of Ahadith. This dispute has given birth to different sects. Everyone has its own set of Ahadith to rely upon and everyone has its own chain of intermediaries who quoted that ahadith. This attitude makes one hadith correct and other wrong in the same time. I have read your article which is very helpful also but my point of view is that a man can on his own conscience judge the truthfulness of hadith?


Answer

One must at the outset remember that one is liable to learn about Islam to the extent one is capable of viz a viz his circumstances and opportunities.

As far as the Qur'an is concerned, you can just pick up a simple translation (not tafsir) and make it a point to read a fixed portion of it everyday. There is not much difference in the basic issues of religion in any good and accepted translations. However, if a question arises in your mind about a verse only then should you consult a reliable tafsir or a scholar. If you keep up this routine, it is hoped that inshallah you will set yourself on the path to seek the truth. Remember there is no guarantee that one will be able to find the truth. In this regard the effort and sincerity of intention is what matters.

As far as the Hadith is concerned, here too you need to just read through the translation of a good anthology and discuss the questions which arise with some scholar. One of these recommended anthologies is the Mishkat al-Masabih which is available both in Urdu and in English.

About the Author

Dr. Shehzad Saleem


Born in 1966 Shehzad Saleem has been under the tutelage of Javed Ahmad Ghamidi since 1988 and is currently a Research Fellow and one of the Vice Presidents of Al-Mawrid. He has a Bachelors in Electrical Engineering from UET Lahore, Pakistan and holds a PhD in the History of the Qur’an from the University of Wales, UK.

Special Area of Interest
  He recently (2014) completed a fifteen year research work on the History of the Qur’an, a part of which constituted his doctoral thesis (the thesis portion is available at: http://www.al-mawrid.org/index.php/books/view/collection-of-the-quran-a-critical-and-historical-study-of-al-farahis-view).  The work addresses some nagging questions related to the revelation, collection and transmission of the Qur’an. These questions include narratives found in our legacy on the alleged incompleteness of the Qur’an, scribal errors found in it,  its variant readings, chronology of its compilation, order of the surahs, and manuscript studies.

Books Authored
  1. Common Misconceptions about Islam
  2. Playing God: Misreading a Divine Practice
  3. Islam and Women: Misconceptions and Misperceptions
  4. Essays on Character Building, Lessons on Character Building
  5. Qur’an Workshops on Character Building (including a separate Teacher’s Guide)
  6. Lessons on Character Building
  7. Selections from the Qur’an
  8. Selections from the Bible
  9. Selections from the Hadith

He has also compiled a modular textbook on Qur’anic Studies, which was taught by him to graduate students (1999-2001). The textbook is available in course format at
  www.studying-islam.org. It comprises course topics as: Revelation of the Qur’an, Theme of the Qur’an, History of the Qur’an, Arrangement of the Qur’an, Language of the Qur’an, Interpreting the Qur’an.

Translations
  He has translated some works of Amin Ahsan Islahi (d. 1997) and Javed Ahmad Ghamidi into English. These include:

1. Volumes 6, 7,  8 and 9 of Tadabbur Qur’an 
  2. Mizan (Islam: A Comprehensive Introduction)
  3. Al-Islam (Islam: A Concise Introduction)
  4. Selected Essays of Javed Ahmad Ghamidi
  5. Volumes 1 and 5 of Al-Bayan 

QnAs
His answers to various questions received about Islam can also be accessed at the Renaissance website at: http://monthly-renaissance.com/issue/writers.aspx?option=queries&id=1

Websites
He is the Founding Editor of the monthly research journal, Renaissance which was initiated in 1991. In 1999, its website www.monthly-renaissance.com was launched.

He launched the Studying Islam www.studying-islam.org website in 2003, which offers online courses on Islam. Through technical help, he has developed an online software (Qur’an for All) at the Studying Islam website to teach the translation of the Qur’an to those who can read the Arabic text but cannot comprehend its meaning.

He also set up websites about the life and works of the Qur’anic scholars Hamid Uddin Farahi (www.hamid-uddin-farahi.org)  and Amin Ahsan Islahi (www.amin-ahsan-islahi.org)  in 2010 and 2013 respectively

He has also built a text based website on the exegesis Tadabbur i Qur’an (www.tadabbur-i-quran.org)  in 2013.

He also founded a website on the life and works of the biblical scholar Abdus Sattar Ghauri (www.abdus-sattar-ghauri.org)  in 2014

He uses his personal facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=562019607)  to write on personality development issues.

Lectures
  He is a guest speaker at various public forums. Some of the topics he regularly speaks on include:

1. Misconceptions about Women in Islam
  2. Pardah and Gender Interaction
  3. Non-Muslims and the Qur’an
  4. Question on the Qur’an by Serious
  5. Misconceptions about Islam
  6. Muhammad (sws): The Misunderstood Prophet of Islam
  7. Marriage and Married Life
  8. Fast and Fasting
  9. Basic Morality
  10. Islam and Islamic Welfare State
  11. Misconceptions about Divorce in Islam
  12. Misconceptions regarding Jihad of the Companions of the Prophet (sws)
  13 Imbalanced Religious Attitudes

He conducts activity-based Qur’anic Workshops for adults and sessions on Character Building and Personality Development for teenagers. Topics include:

1. Spending in the Way of God 
  2. Pride and Arrogance
  3. Remembering God  
  4. Civic Sense
  5. Kindness to Parents
  6. Gratitude
  7. Forgiveness
  8. Moral Courage
  9. Truthfulness 
  10. Showing Off
  11. Humility
  12. Sympathy
  13. Sinful Speech 
  14. Honesty
  15. Justice

Some of his talks and lectures on or about Islam can be viewed at:
  www.youtube.com/shehzadsaleem         www.dailymotion.com/drshehzadsaleem
  www.youtube.com/shehzadsaleemurdu, www.dailymotion.com/drshehzadsaleemurdu

A facebook page, Dr Shehzad Saleem’s Video Talks (https://www.facebook.com/Dr-Shehzad-Saleems-Video-Talks-309627932402929/?ref=br_rs)  also displays his talks

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