What part does predestination contribute in life of mankind regarding their sustenance and other facilities?
Basically this world is working on a strategy. But sometimes Allah Almighty makes some changes in this strategy according to His wisdom. Therefore, one part of the success or failure is the beauty or ugliness of the strategy whereas the other part of it is the help of Allah Almighty. For example, if a former does not plough his field, and does not sow the seed or look after it, he will have nothing to reap. However, if he does all these things, still he has to depend on some unusual circumstances like rain or earthquakes etc. Therefore, the good will of Allah is also required along with good strategy. We should consider two things when we cannot achieve success. Firstly, we should see that the strategy was well planned or not. Secondly, we should see if it did not involve a test from Allah Almighty. Although we cannot completely comprehend the wisdom but we are not disappointed and try again with more determination and better plan.
As far as the predestination is concerned, Allah Almighty has told in the Holy Qur'ān that He enlarges the sustenance which He gives to whichever of His servants He pleases and He (similarly) grants by (strict) measure. Obviously He decides thus due to some reason. We are required to trust in God and do the right. If we succeed, we should consider it a divine blessing and thank our Lord and in case of failure, we should consider it a test of our endurance.
Translated by: Abid Mahmood Hashmi