Was Khidr an angel or a man?



Ghamdi sb has mentioned while doing tafseer of ayat # 65 of surah # 18 that Hazrat Khizar was an agnel of Almighty Allah. however it is clearly mentioned in ayat that he is a person...how can Ghamdi sb pronounce him as an angel.....i mean is there any logical reason...?

Jzak Allah Khair



wa alaikumussalaam

Thank you for your question. First of all please note that the Aayah does not say that he was not an angel. It simply refers to him as a servant of the Almighty. Even Angels are servants of Allah. Mr. Ghamidi leans towards the view that this was perhaps an angel in the form of a human. Angels we know are entrusted by the Almighty to enforce His directives in accordance with His scheme and will. According to this scheme, He creates and destroys life, blesses some people with favours and deprives some people from these favours to make this world a place of trial and test. The incidents mentioned in this anecdote are of similar nature. A child was killed and a ship made defective at the behest of the Almighty. A human being has no authority to do such deeds.

Also, we find a similar mystical personality mentioned in the Bible with the name Melchizedek, but he is associated with the period of Abraham (pbuh)[See Genesis 14:18]. In the New Testament, he is spoken of as without father and mother or a pedigree (See Hebrews 7:3). In view of this many Christian scholars consider him to be an angel of the Almighty who assumed human form.

Be as it may, there is no reason to conjecture about the nature of the wise man, generally known as Khidr, mentioned in the referred incident of Surah Kahf. If we correctly understand the nature and the purpose of the incident, there would remain no reason to determine the exact nature of Khidr, i.e. whether he was a man or an angel or a prophet.

Khidr may have been an ordinary man appointed by God to carry out certain divine directives and decisions; Khidr may have been an angel appearing in the shape of an ordinary man for the said purpose, which is the view of Mr. Ghamidi; or alternatively the whole incident may have been a spiritual experience of Moses (pbuh).

Whatever the exact nature of Khidr, it is clear from the narration of the Qur'an that the said incident was, in fact, a lesson to Moses (pbuh) and through him, the believers to place their trust and reliance on God's knowledge, mercy, wisdom and justice and never to doubt the correctness of God's decisions even in circumstances of extreme distress and disturbance.

I hope this helps.

God knows best.


About the Author

Mushafiq Sultan

Mushafiq Sultan, born in Kashmir (Indian Administered) in 1988, has been studying world religions from his school days. In 2009 Mushafiq came across the works of Ustaz Javed Ahmad Ghamidi and since then has been highly influenced by his thought. He has an exceptional interest in world religions, their philosophies and their mutual relations. He formally joined Al-Mawrid in 2016 as Assistant Fellow (Honorary). Presently, he is in charge of Al-Mawrid’s query service. In 2016, he published his first book ‘Muhammad (sws) in the Bible- An Exposition on Isaiah 42’. He has written articles on Islam, Christianity and Hinduism. He has also translated several articles of Javed Ahmad Ghamidi into Hindi.