Junaid Hassan has a B.Sc. in Computer Science, an M.Phil. in System Dynamics, and a Ph.D. in Systems Microbiology. Besides, he studied biological physics, Norwegian, academic writing, and philosophy at Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway, and German at Mannheimer Abendakademie, Germany. He completed various courses in Islamic studies from Al-Mawrid, Pakistan. Currently, he is carrying out secondary research on Islam, as Ghamidi understands it, under Javed Ahmed Ghamidi’s supervision. He is particularly interested in interpretations of the Quran, philosophy of science, science and religion, theology, epistemology (esp. Kant & Farahi), and ontology.